Why Elon Musk Created Neuralink (feat. Real Science)


This episode of Real Engineering is brought
to you by Curiosity Steam. Sign up today and get free access to my new Logistics of D-Day
series on Nebula. Over the last decade Elon Musk has become
one of the most famous men on the planet. Revolutionising the banking, automotive, rocket,
and energy industries in a relatively short period of time. His reputation for disrupting
established industries has elevated his status to some sort of tech jesus for many, and with
his latest venture, Neurolink, Musk appears to trying to take that status to the next
level. Neurolink is, to me, Musk’s most fascinating venture yet. With the goal of
developing technologies to unearth the mysteries of our most vital organ, the brain. We have decoded our DNA and even discovered
methods to selectively edit it. We have invented tiny devices that can be implanted into the
body to correct our heartbeat. We can take organs from donors and transfer them to those
in need. We can perform total joint replacements and artificially grow skin from stem cells. But the brain remains a mystery in many ways,
with little to no options for intervention when malfunctions occur. We have only scratched
the surface of this organs operation, and to me, it’s one of the final great frontiers
of science. If you pay attention to just the headlines
of mainstream science publications, this technology will seem like Musk is trying to create cyborg
humans. Where healthy people will voluntarily get
biomedical implants to augment their brain function, but that’s just Musk using his
tech jesus status to generate hype for his latest business venture. In reality Neurolink
is so much more than something much more meaningful, but perhaps less exciting for the average
person. This technology could help accelerate our exploration of the brain, and help people
with severe brain malfunctions and injuries to live happier and longer lives. To understand what Neurolink is trying to
do. We must first look technologies Neuralink is looking to improve on and get a basic understanding
of how the nervous system works. For that I will pass you over to Stephanie from our
new channel Real Science: We have many different kinds of receptors
in our body to gather information about the world around us. Take the hair cells of your
inner ear. They are activated when vibrated by sound and the cochlea, the snail shaped
organ in your inner ear, is shaped in a way to allow different portions of it to be activated
by different frequencies, thanks to the differing stiffness of the basilar membrane along the
length of the cochlea. [1] This means the base of the cochlea, closest
to the oval window connected to the outer ear is sensitive to high frequencies up to
20,000 hertz. And as we descend deeper into the snail shaped sensory organ, lower frequencies
begin to vibrate the hair cells until we reach the apex of the cochlea where frequencies
as low as 20 hertz can be detected. When activated, these hair cells send electrical
impulses through the auditory nerve to your brain for interpretation. The exact process
of interpretation is insanely complicated and beyond the knowledge of man, as there
are thousands of neurons involved that gradually branch out as they travel to their final destination. But thanks to our understanding of the signal
input stage we can actually just bypass the ear as a sensory organ altogether and artificially
stimulate the nervous system to allow the deaf to hear. This is exactly what cochlear
implants do Seeing videos like this is quite possibly the most heart-warming thing on the
internet. Children who have never heard the sound of their mother’s voice suddenly able
to hear for the first time. Their smiles would make anyone see the value in this technology. So how does this work? The device consists
of a microphone and a sound processor, which in turn generates electrical signals to send
to an electrode array which is actually inserted directly into the cochlea where it can directly
stimulate the nerves of the inner ear with electrical impulses. [2] This bypasses both the hair cells of the inner
ear and the sound transmitting structures of the outer ear, and so it can help people
who have malfunctions in these parts to ear. An astounding technology, but it does not
require any implantation of medical devices into the brain, as Neurolink plans to do.
It simply activates the nervous system at its input stage. Creating a technology which
could say, activate the auditory cortex directly to allow us to hear is a whole other ball
game. Current technology on this side of things
is highly invasive. Take braingate. This implantable device consists of about 256 electrodes which
can both read and stimulate neural activity. This is exactly the function Neuralink is
working to improve on. This lady is doing something amazing. This medical implant was
placed on the surface of her brain at the motor cortex, where it records the activity
of the neurons in that area. [3] The data from those records were then used to effect
a mouse cursor which has allowed her to type and use a computer, despite having no movement
in her limbs. The researchers took this a step further and began using the neural records
to allow another woman to control the movement of a robotic arm. [4]
This is the exact technology Neuralink is seeking to improve upon, and there is a lot
to be improved upon. The first issue with Utah Array is the material
properties of the electrodes. These electrodes are like stiff and sharp needles, which allows
them to penetrate into the brain and record the internal activity, but this causes problems
with the bodies immune response. [5] This is the first part of Neurolinks plans
to improve this technology by making these electrodes much smaller. The Utah Array’s electrodes vary from about
0.03 millimeters at their tip to about 0.1 at their base [5].Neurolink threads are much
much smaller at about 0.004 to 0.006 millimetres.[6] Side by side that looks something like this. Making the threads thinner allows them to
affect a smaller portion of the brain, making them less likely to affect nerve function
or to puncture blood vessels, but perhaps more critically makes the threads more flexible.
Allowing them to move with the brain as it jiggles around in the skull. This is actually a huge problem. The tissue
in the brain is very soft and elastic. If you have stiff needle like electrodes fixed
in place, the brain will simply deform around them. This causes scar tissue to form around
the needle which over time will block the needles ability to read brain activity through
the scar tissue Matching the electrodes’s material properties
to the brains as close as possible will allow the electrode to move and deform with the
brain, and thus decrease this scar tissue formation and extend the life of electrodes.
A vital design parameter from medical implants. So neurolink has moved away from these stiff
silicon electrodes [7] and created thinner flexible gold electrodes coated in a conductive
biocompatible thin film polymer. [6] But electrodes like this come with their own
issues. Their small size and flexibility makes them very difficult for even the skilled hand
of a surgeon to insert, so Neuralink has also developed a robotic electrode inserter to
lend a helping hand. The robot comes with a suite of camera and
light modules to allow the robot to accurately insert the threads.. The robot uses a needle
to advance the electrode thread to the desired depth in the brain before retracting and leaving
the thread behind. This robot on average could insert an electrode thread in a little over
a minute even when the surgeon performed manual adjustments to avoid blood vessels. Neuralink’s white paper put particular emphasis
on this ability as the breaking of the blood brain barrier is suspected to be a key driver
in the brain inflammatory response, which again can cause scarring and reduce the electrodes
function. It’s important to note that Neuralink isn’t
the first company to create thin film polymer electrodes [8], but with this robot and their
work on streamlining the manufacturing process for mass production has put Neuralink in a
strong position to create a viable medical device for sale. They have also increased
the channel count significantly. The Utah Array electrode array can reach a
max channel count of 256 channels. Whereas this prototype system, which Neuralink surgically
implanted in a rat and successfully recorded from has 96 electrode threads, each containing
32 electrodes, for a total of 3072 channels to read from. This is a very important design parameter
as more data equals more control. This journal paper titled “Learning to control
a brain-machine interface for reaching and grasping by primates” details an experiment
where researchers implanted a brain-machine interface into the brain of macaque monkeys.[9]
They trained the monkeys to complete a task on a screen using a small hand held controller.
They recorded the monkeys motor cortex neural activity during this training and mapped a
robot arm to match his hand movements. They confirmed that the more neurons they could
record from the higher the probability of the robotic arm matching the monkeys actual
arm movements. Note this footage is from a later 2008 study where the researchers actually
trained the monkeys to feed themselves. [10] So if we can record from more channels, we
can expect to achieve higher accuracy and later as the technology progress we can perform
more complicated tasks. Perhaps instead of controlling a cursor or robot arm, we can
fit exo-skelatons to paralysed patients to allow them to walk. However we have one last
and significant technology challenge before that can ever be considered. We somehow need to get this data out of the
brain. The electrodes record analog data from the brain which first needs to be amplified
as neural signals are very faint with voltages as low as 10 microvolts, noise then needs
to be filtered out and finally the analogy signal is converted to binary data. This reduction
to simple bits is vital, as we somehow need to transfer this data to a computer outside
of the head. Installing a processing board inside the brain is simply not an option. Looking at the utah array we can see there
is a lot left to be desired. The electrodes themselves require a connector which bears
an uncanny resemblance to the headjack from the matrix. When the researchers wanted to
use the brain machine interface they had to plug these massive neuroport blocks to the
connector which feed the data to a huge amplifiers and signal processing. Neurolink is trying to fit the amplification
and data filtering step inside the onboard processors.
This is their prototype board which they fitted into the rat. Here the electrode threads fed
into 12 custom built microchips each capable of processing 256 channels of data, equalling
the 3072 channels coming from the threads. However this prototype system simply used
a USB C port for both power and data transfer. Which again is going to require an ugly port
breaking the skin. This isn’t just a cosmetic issue. It’s
a massive open wound in the bodies first line of defense for infection and it leads straight
to the bodies most valuable organ. It’s simply not an option for a commercial product.
So Neuralinks next technological challenge is to develop a method to both power and transfer
data to these implantable devices. Elon made some off handed comments about this during
his presentation about this: “And the interface to the chip is wireless
so you have no wires poking out of your head. Very, very important. So you it’s basically
bluetooth to your phone. We’ll have to watch the App Store updates for that one make sure
we don’t have a driver issue. Uhhhm updating …..” Good one Elon. Okay, so beyond joking about people’s brain
implants potentially having driver issues. This comment, in typical Elon fashion, is
a little misleading. Bluetooth doesn’t actually have the bandwidth needed to transfer this
much data, so an alternative method will be needed to transfer it from the device to outside
the skin. The neuralink whitepaper does not shed much
light on this specific part of their plans here, but they did present very briefly in
their presentation that their first planned product consists of four of their N1 chips.
3 will be implanted in the motor cortex for control and 1 will be implanted in the somatosensory
cortex for sensor feedback. These will feed data to an inductive charging and data transfer
coil under the skin behind the ear, which will then transfer the data to a wearable
computer and charger worn behind the ear. This device will probably perform some further
data processing before transferring the simplified data through bluetooth to a phone where it
will allow the user to control a cursor on the phone or a computer. Neuralink stated ambitious goal of beginning
human trials this year in order to begin the long and difficult task of receiving FDA approval.
If they managed to get the food and drug association approval for a commercial product, this would
be a major leap forward for the treatment of injuries resulting in paralysis. Potentially
transforming the life of the hundreds of thousands of people living with paralysis, allowing
them to complete simple tasks like controlling their computers without the help of a carer.
While I don’t see healthy people using these kinds of devices anytime soon, as the implanting
any device into the body never mind the brain will always be a massive risk. It’s certainly
a plausible scenario that future humans could elect to have a device like this implanted. There is a legitimate worry that machine learning
and artificial intelligence is going to pose an existential threat to human society in
the near future and you can learn more about it by watching The A.I. Race on curiosity
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100 Comments

  1. Real Engineering said:

    My educational background is actually in biomedical engineering, but these sort of subjects typically don't do very well on this channel. So we created a new channel for life science subjects. Subscribe to Real Science to learn more about how our world works, from a biological perspective: www.youtube.com/c/realscience

    January 11, 2020
    Reply
  2. Harvey Degree said:

    Could you imagine micro transactions to get ahead in college, work, relationships… etc?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  3. Joe Marks said:

    You have to be completely off your rocker to trust anything created by a megalomaniac like Elon Musk.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  4. Owen Richmond said:

    good one elon

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  5. Perry said:

    I'm a retired hands-on electrical engineer and I'm not impressed by this mad scientist tech BS. Find a cure for arthritis, cancer, and other diseases first then you can turn people into Borgs if that's what they want.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  6. Maxwell Seltzer said:

    Yall have fun with that.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  7. พิท said:

    Respect to everyone in the project

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  8. Jim Yost said:

    Because he's demon possessed.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  9. Steve Harvey's White Clone said:

    If you think musk is responsible for all the stuff "his" companies have done your mentally challenged. This is most likely "Revelation 13"

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  10. Trollinyamon said:

    This will be the end of humanity as we know it.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  11. Trollinyamon said:

    What happens when the rich make this tech so expensive that there will be a divide between the rich and the poor that will over deepen over time forever.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  12. Steve Harvey's White Clone said:

    https://youtu.be/4mSzoUabncA false mirracles is what the beast will convince people with. Just saying.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  13. norcalreppin1 said:

    CCP i love you – musk

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  14. Kasen Ratliff said:

    Is sword art online finally becoming a reality?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  15. Anthony Schenck said:

    its the beginning to be able to outsmart a.i.. twt

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  16. Cale The Nail! PB said:

    I love how bad Elon is at public speaking.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  17. RCnerd74 said:

    Just do not use monkeys for these experiments… there are enough humans who can do this.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  18. Onur said:

    I want to see a facility ran by a human, translated into a Genetic Lifeform and Disk Operating System

    So we can create a Portal gun and do testings. Forever.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  19. Oskar Knutsson said:

    I really do recommend CuriosityStream!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  20. Torrriate said:

    This could be Musk's greatest of all of his contributions to mankind.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  21. Barskor1 said:

    When you can input porn with real sensations as if you were participating in the activity directly to your brain the other considerations will not matter.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  22. João Daniel de Mello said:

    And this is how the movie "Matrix" begins… The Trojan horse trick. If we are not safe in our mobiles that can be hacked, how vulnerable will we be when the big tech spies your mind? Is amazing how people are stupid and easily tricked in crafty narratives.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  23. Door Knob said:

    just because we have a capability of doing something, does that mean we should do it? maybe im more pessimistic about this technology but it just seems like so many things could go wrong with it. for example hacking peoples minds, mind control, and other malicious entities that come from this. maybe it is the mark of the beast, and im not even religious.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  24. Mike Trieu said:

    I'd probably choose some form of UWB rather than Bluetooth for near-contact wireless data transfer. Back in the day, Toshiba created a standard called TransferJet that's probably good enough for this application.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  25. Noah Ksiazkiewicz said:

    So weird listening to the irish republican chauffeur from Downton Abbey narrate videos

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  26. LORDISLIFEORDEATH A.K.A. SHAMAN said:

    5g downloads in 4 secs. we can make 6,000 movies with avatars of you in 10 mins! get's rid of hollywood

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  27. Noah Ksiazkiewicz said:

    So people are going to be getting their brains/bodies hacked and taken over to essentially become zombies at the whim of a hacker in the future..? Sounds like a bad idea

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  28. Luke Miles said:

    I hope downloading my consciousness into a robot will be able in my lifetime

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  29. Jhet_writes said:

    The USB-C part was funny, I have no idea why but it just is

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  30. outcasted sushiboi said:

    Hacks for video games are about to fucking get insane.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  31. Jesse Harris said:

    The pathetic attempt at the pronunciation of "Cochlea" in this made me so angry.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  32. Hamster said:

    accel world ?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  33. Yuelin Lao said:

    its really annoying that EM take the credits of all technology concepts that have been there long before he comes out

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  34. Dj Strings Music said:

    Elon does roughly 1 out of every 10 things he comes up with. But he raises funding for all of them.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  35. fly-for-a-whiteguy said:

    Where do I invest?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  36. iwonnatube said:

    Your brain run into a problem that it couldn't handle and now needs to restart.
    You can search for the error online: PERSONALITY_INITIALIZATION_FAILED

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  37. Mynicknameislion said:

    If I remember corectly wasn't elon musk a South African before he moved to america ?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  38. Anesu Pachawo said:

    PLEASE STOP REFERRING HIM TO A TECH JESUS THATS BLASPHEMY

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  39. hammam hraisha said:

    Thought Elon-san would beat me to build a nerve gear and make games similar to Sword Art Online. If you read this comment please leave this idea for me, the only reason I'm studying software engineering is to build nerve gears and play with some anime girls.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  40. tastemysaucer said:

    The part of this that fascinates me the most is that people will be hackable!!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  41. ottawa said:

    One day we can download our memory from the brain ……wait ,,,, what do we see if

    the guys watch too much movies from pornhub?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  42. CGI Future said:

    Imagine watching Hentai in your head lmaooo

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  43. ddkeegs 888 said:

    Whitewash load of crap!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  44. TheBritt DownUnder said:

    13:10 "people living with paralysis" Shows dead man who had paralysis

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  45. stiofan1 said:

    Hahaha. "Good one, Elon"

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  46. Dinesh Ghantasala said:

    With the help of quantum computing and nuralink, I hope Elon musk makes full dive VR possible soon…..😁

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  47. Matty Mccolgan said:

    Yay controlling and monitoring us through our phones isn't enough.. Love how they show some completely disabled people using robot arms.. so you really think they spending billions to help disabled people LOL

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  48. Frankie Dog Turner said:

    Why is there no videos called "Why Elon Musk is the world's greatest con man?"

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  49. Matty Mccolgan said:

    Did you know the UNs agenda21 sustainable development plan implemented globally in 1991 states that people raising their own children is not sustainable, people owning their own home/land is not sustainable, people choosing their own careers is not sustainable…. David Icke goes in depth and gives links to find real info for yourself.. go learn it will wake you the fuck up as to what's really happening

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  50. C Jam said:

    I hope he calls Michael Schumacher a call. That would be pretty cool.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  51. Semitex said:

    13:42 OMG Why are people so dumb, why would human program an AI to kill every single human in the world? Do you every program robot to kill humans including yourself?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  52. Ghosteriz said:

    Because Elon's ex-wife was Angela.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  53. Dulguun Otgon said:

    robotic errm.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  54. Julio Inostroza said:

    Think musk has more inventions but he doesn’t want to get murdered by the government. He learned from Tesla

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  55. John Sweeney said:

    Great tech but so sad to remember the truth about how we get there. Animal testing.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  56. Justin Trigg said:

    This man is the most bored rich guy in the world.
    It amazes me that the rest of the super-rich don't follow in his footsteps.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  57. John Sweeney said:

    My neighbour recently had a pacemaker installed. Now I no every time he’s having a root cause my roller door keeps going up n down

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  58. Mason M said:

    So we can read the brain a little better. Wake me up when the machines can write to the brain.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  59. Jc Serquiña said:

    Neuralink could be one of the key techs to create high tech suits/armors OAO

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  60. Perry Zafiris said:

    …God help us…..

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  61. Ha ves said:

    you know, instead of controlling phones, elon might want to develop an AR wearables / glasses

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  62. aditya aggarwal said:

    Daaaeeeetaaa

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  63. Vimtyr said:

    errm

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  64. Jari Kosonen said:

    Maybe its some new military techniques and the neuralink can contain the PTSD and the just remove the neuralink and no more PTSD.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  65. Sumedh More said:

    because spying and user data collection using phones and other wearable devices has limitations :p just kidding

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  66. cwaddle said:

    Until elon musk volunteers to get his brains poked by those needles, i will be really sceptical

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  67. Gundar Varr said:

    cyberpunk 2020

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  68. Ton13579 said:

    SAO, anyone?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  69. Panda President said:

    It seems terrifying to have that robot insert stuff in your head

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  70. theicediamond7 said:

    your a young idiot

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  71. Randon Wilston said:

    This will be weaponized like 3 seconds after it shows progress haha oh well

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  72. Mad Hellion said:

    I can't see how I would get Curiosity Stream for "just 11.99". Am I doing something wrong?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  73. Sirius Starlight said:

    Tinker Ventures and MindShare Ventures

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  74. Polar Apple said:

    No thank you!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  75. Tedacules said:

    I need a jello Brain right now!!!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  76. Sean Cunningham said:

    If this is where we are now. We will be in a much better place in 30 years

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  77. deniz Orsel said:

    It is all great for the disabled people but such application has its ultimate consequence of informed consent. Supposed the tech is mastered and there are no bio related issues yet what about the possibility of disabling the enhanced individual or limiting subject's sensory organs or showing forced adverts on visual cortex unless premium subscription fee is paid to remove it? (just like in any commercial product) ?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  78. Cornholio777 said:

    I wish Elon Musk the best

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  79. Adrian Torres said:

    You spoke briefly. I hope your other videos aren’t this bad…
    Not so effective with the research and data gathering are ya?

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  80. Adrian Torres said:

    You mentioned not seeing anyone that is healthy having one of these devices in planted anytime soon. This was a bad transition to the military and AI, Since you never mentioned why a healthy person would want one of these machines in their head Or how it related to ai, machine learning and the Existential threat
    13:17

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  81. Glenn Millam said:

    "But that's just Musk using his tech-Jesus status to generate hype for his latest business venture."

    And this is where so many critics of Elon Musk go so wrong.

    This statement is born of the cynical belief that people like Musk are simply greedy capitalists who want to gain power and wealth by coming up with new ideas and implementing them along with a nice fiction that sucks in the idiots to part with their money while the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. "Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely," as they say. This world concept seeks to explain the actions of people as living their lives only for their material self-interest, and creating convenient lies to mask their true agendas.

    I've been watching your channel both here and on Nebula for a long while now, and while I do enjoy your work, I've noticed this theme in your statements about Musk and what he is doing. You are simply wrong. You see the engineering but you don't get the purpose, and seem to judge yourself smart enough to "see through" what he is saying and perceive the true, hidden agenda. But this does not make logical sense.

    After selling his part of Paypal, Musk had enough money to never engage in a working life again. If he wanted to pursue wealth, fame and power, their were numerous avenues open to him to do so that would have been much easier than starting Tesla, SpaceX, the Boring Company and Neuralink. In fact, starting these ventures exposed his wealth to huge risk, and from the point of view of the wealthy capitalist, would be (and has been) considered borderline insane.

    But there are those of us who have had good lives and secure futures who choose to do more. I personally had a good, lucrative career as a designer and technical artist, but I felt that I wasn't contributing enough, and that the worth of my efforts to the world was lacking. I saw how my mother, who was a nurse, retired with great satisfaction knowing that she had saved the lives of others and improved the lives of countless more, while I was making lots of money promoting bad eating, heavy drinking, nicotine addiction, wasteful spending, and purchasing insurance to compensate for all of those bad choices. So I quit my career and went back to school to be a nurse. In that time, I estimate that I lost $250-300k in income that I could have made had I just stayed on my path. I am now an RN working in Psychiatric health, where most of my clients are homeless and rejected by their families. And I don't regret my choice one bit.

    There is a theoretical concept in human psychology by Erik and Joan Erikson called Erikson's stages of psychosocial development. Typically broken into 8 stages, it parses human lifetimes into psychosocial crises which must be overcome for a person to progress and grow. The final stage is called Ego Integrity vs. Despair, where a person near the end of life looks over their life and asks, "Was it worth it? Did I squander my life?" In my personal example, I saw that my mother had successfully passed her stages and was prepared for her end, happy in the knowledge that her life had great meaning. I then identified that I was at risk of coming to the end of mine filled with regret that I not only did not achieve, but was foolishly in pursuit of my own wealth to the detriment of others. So I took action. I explain this to my friends from my previous and current careers and they don't seem to be able to wrap their head around it. Why risk success and take such a move? But to me, money and success are banal if they can't lead to a better world.

    Musk came to the same realization. The choices he has made are not the ones of a smart person looking to become rich and famous; they are intensely risky and expose him to ridicule and ruin. Start a car company, much less an electric car company, when most have gone bankrupt? Start a rocket company and compete with entire countries such as the US, Russia, China, and the European Union? There are better, easier ways to turn a big fortune into a more massive one. Musk knew he risked everything he ever worked for and that he would have to work harder than he ever had in his life, and the odds of success in these ventures were not high. In fact, he almost lost it all and at one point was homeless and living with friends.

    But he wasn't (and isn't) doing this to become rich and famous. He is worried about specific problems that we as a world face that most do not see or don't see a way out of, and he staked his fortune and reputation to address these problems. Not because he wants to be rich and powerful. Its because he understands that riches and power are merely necessary tools to reach better, more noble goals. Because in the end, riches and power are stripped away, and all that is left is the effects of what you have done.

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  82. Adrian Torres said:

    But you never said why Elon musk created Nueralink or Nueralink’s actual purpose

    January 13, 2020
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  83. jj m said:

    "and death was chosen rather then life"

    On BCI'S for life extension technology

    The Bible says
    Isaiah chapter 28 verse 18 (niv)
    Your covenant with death will be annulled; your agreement with the realm of the dead will not stand. When the overwhelming scourge sweeps by, you will be beaten down by it.

    The Bible on anyone who takes the mark of the beast

    Revelation 14:11
    And the smoke of their torment will rise for ever and ever. There will be no rest day or night for those who worship the beast and its image, or for anyone who receives the mark of its name."

    January 13, 2020
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  84. Animaze ! said:

    The only reason why Elon Musk trying to create neuralink is because of SWORD ART ONLINE. 😂

    January 13, 2020
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  85. prakhar chaurasia said:

    I think he is actually trying to connect to Mr. Trump. thereby exchanging some neurons😉

    January 13, 2020
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  86. Enzo du Plessis said:

    Really insightful video. Well explained and extremely interesting!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  87. justin h said:

    God damn I love this channel…

    January 13, 2020
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  88. Colorful Codes said:

    I love him

    January 13, 2020
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  89. Donnie Allen said:

    Can i just get the substance the Rick Sanchez gave that alien for shitting on his toilet and call it a day?

    January 13, 2020
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  90. Hugo Montoya said:

    6:10 oh shit!!!!! 6:14 ok :3

    January 13, 2020
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  91. Galo Aguirre said:

    Technically Elon Musk would be african-american?

    January 13, 2020
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  92. Paxon57 said:

    Wtf it's just 2020 and we are autonomously landing rockets, are like few steps from fully autonomous cars, creating brain-computer interfaces, AI is getting ridiculously smart and better in many aspects, we are building a fusion reactor, we have powerful ION engine from NASA
    By the time I finish the university (I'm moving to uk this year to start one) there will be nothing left to invent uh

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  93. ivorbukovac said:

    This Ashkenazi freak did it as part of a Fascism 2.0 mind control operation…

    January 13, 2020
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  94. NetTubeUser said:

    I LOVE SCIENCE SO MUCH!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  95. tezer2d said:

    Let's all love Lain

    January 13, 2020
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  96. GoatsFTW said:

    Tech-Jesus. I like it.

    January 13, 2020
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  97. Johnny11 said:

    I do love this guy 🙂

    January 13, 2020
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  98. Roald % said:

    Elon will have more realistic hair when he uploads his brain into the internet

    January 13, 2020
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  99. Sahriar Onjon said:

    Cears (cars) 🙄

    January 13, 2020
    Reply
  100. TheBigbossjack said:

    legalize marijuana now!

    January 13, 2020
    Reply

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