What is Artificial Intelligence (or Machine Learning)?



Every day, a large portion of the population is at the mercy of a rising technology, yet few actually understand what it is. Artificial intelligence. You know, HAL 9000 and Marvin the Paranoid Android? Thanks to books and movies, each generation has formed its own fantasy of a world ruled — or at leased served — by robots. We've been conditioned to expect flying cars that steer clear of traffic and robotic maids whipping up our weekday dinner. But if the age of AI is here, why don't our lives look more like the Jetson's? Well, for starters, that's a cartoon. And really, if you've ever browsed Netflix movie suggestions or told Alexa to order a pizza, you're probably interacting with artificial intelligence more than you realize. And that's kind of the point. AI is designed so you don't realize there's a computer calling the shots. But that also makes understanding what AI is, and what it's not, a little complicated. In basic terms, AI is a broad area of computer science that makes machines seem like they have human intelligence. So it's not only programming a computer to drive a car by obeying traffic signals, but it's when that program also learns to exhibit signs of human-like road rage. As intimidating as it may seem, this technology isn't new. Actually, for the past half-a-century, it's been an idea ahead of its time. The term "artificial intelligence" was first coined back in 1956 by Dartmouth professor John McCarthy. He called together a group of computer scientists and mathematicians to see if machines could learn like a young child does, using trial and error to develop formal reasoning. The project proposal says they'll figure out how to make machines "use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves." That was more than 60 years ago. Since then, AI has remained for the most part in university classrooms and super secret labs … But that's changing. Like all exponential curves, it's hard to tell when a line that's slowly ticking upwards is going to skyrocket. But during the past few years, a couple of factors have led to AI becoming the next "big" thing: First, huge amounts of data are being created every minute. In fact, 90% of the world's data has been generated in the past two years. And now thanks to advances in processing speeds, computers can actually make sense of all this information more quickly. Because of this, tech giants and venture capitalists have bought into AI and are infusing the market with cash and new applications. Very soon, AI will become a little less artificial, and a lot more intelligent. Now the question is: Should you brace yourself for yet another Terminator movie, live on your city streets? Not exactly. In fact, stop thinking of robots. When it comes to AI, a robot is nothing more than the shell concealing what's actually used to power the technology. That means AI can manifest itself in many different ways. Let's break down the options. First, you have your bots. They're text-based and incredibly powerful, but they have limitations. Ask a weather bot for the forecast, and it will tell you it's partly cloudy with a high of 57. But ask that same bot what time it is in Tokyo, and it'll get a little confused. That's because the bot's creator only programmed it to give you the weather by pulling from a specific data source. Natural language processing makes these bots a bit more sophisticated. When you ask Siri or Cortana where the closest gas station is, it's really just translating your voice into text, feeding it to a search engine, and reading the answer back in human syntax. So in other words, you don't have to speak in code. At the far end of the spectrum is machine learning, and honestly, it's one of the most exciting areas of AI. Like a human, a machine retains information and becomes smarter over time. But unlike a human, it's not susceptible to things like short-term memory loss, information overload, sleep deprivation, and distractions. But how do these machines actually learn? Well, while it may be easy for a human to know the difference between a cat and a dog, for a computer, not so much. You see, when you're only considering physical appearance, the difference between cats and dogs can be a little gray. You can say cats have pointed ears and dogs have floppy ears, but those rules aren't universal. Between tail length, fur texture, and color, there are a lot of options, and that means a lot of tedious rules someone would have to program manually to help a computer spot the difference. But remember — machine learning is about making machines learn like humans. And like any toddler, that means they have to learn by experience. With machine learning, programs analyze thousands of examples to build an algorithm. It then tweaks the algorithm based on if it achieves its goal. Over time, the program actually gets smarter. That's how machines like IBM's Watson can diagnose cancer, compose classical symphonies, or crush Ken Jennings at Jeopardy. Some programs even mimic the way the human brain is structured, complete with neural networks that help humans — and now machines — solve problems. Generations have long imagined the ramifications of AI, visualizing a society where machines seek revenge and wreak havoc on human society. However, the more logical and pressing question is: How will AI affect your job? Will it make your work obsolete? Just like the Industrial Revolution, it's not human versus machine. It's human and machine versus problem. The point is that artificial intelligence helps you accomplish more in less time, taking on the repetitive tasks of your job while you master the strategy and relationships. That way, humans can do what they do best … be human.

32 Comments

  1. SEЯVICEエース said:

    なるほど

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  2. makinru said:

    Thanos snapped at the right moment 5:32

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  3. Saul M. said:

    The conclusion sounded great.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  4. Lyto - The creation of a Tech Startup said:

    Great video! Love the animations, very high quality and also the content specially in such a blurry term like AI 😀

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  5. Aanya Kanyan said:

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  6. Preston Adams said:

    this did not explain AI at all

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  7. The Influencer Project said:

    Thanks for the information! What a great video to understand the relationship between AI and machine learning.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  8. Abdul Jalil said:

    how you make this animations?

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  9. King of Travel said:

    Ironic that she says we don't have to worry about machines taking over the world but then spends the last two minutes explaining how machines use algorithms to learn new processes and improve their logic and thinking. What do you think will happen in 10 years?

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  10. yyrsght ytgrb said:

    wena las cauros tai vio k la mitad de las reproducciones son de los giles del Orione cualquier wa yo el shishi

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  11. XTREME CODER said:

    'NEUON is an AI company specialising in computer vision, machine learning, and internet of thing. Its core business includes developing their very own in house deep neural network models customised for various customer needs.
    https://neuon.ai/

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  12. blockchain financial brokers Australia said:

    It's my job to know all about this and she's absolutely correct but at the end of the day when the robots will take your job off you what the hell are you going to do that's the big master question of the future

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  13. MrMOBYDICKSON said:

    Guys, what's this background music?

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  14. T pose GOD said:

    You'll be amazing

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  15. T pose GOD said:

    Like plz

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  16. T pose GOD said:

    Please give me a like to this comment .
    Never got 1 like in my life .
    Plz do it.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  17. T pose GOD said:

    Foggy

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  18. southern fried said:

    this is fucking brilliant . theres so many comments about robots taking over the world. open your mind. take this concept into an eCommerce platform and google analytics seems the infant amongst vast potential. robots arent going to take over the world any time soon. but you a fool to think they havent arrived.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  19. Amanda Frank said:

    Thank you for sharing this video.

    Manthan is the leader among the artificial intelligence companies in US and provides the best analytics solutions for retail and consumer businesses.

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    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  20. MJCHu2be said:

    If you want to scare people from understanding, this is the video to watch!. Little can a person who is afraid of 'robots taking over' trust Ai and all the immense benefits it brings. In simple put, the Computers can give solutions to problems based on history of data learned and programmed to do. Not by themselves.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  21. Plotbunnyhunter said:

    I'm not a fan of the language used to describe AI and Machine Learning. There is no actual consciousness or intelligence behind it, the algorithms don't get "smarter". An AI algorithm used to, say, identify sheep on pictures might run through millions of examples of sheep pictures and still classify a picture of a bus stop as a "sheep" because a certain collection of pixels on the picture of the bus stop looks like a certain collection of pixels found on several of the sheep-pictures. The algorithm will never consciously know what a sheep or bus stop is.
    Heck, its hard to avoid such personifications, even among professionals. I'd just like for everyone to stay conscious of the fact and remember that the programmers and Data Scientists behind the algorithms have a bigger impact on the results than what most people believe.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  22. Gilbert Morse said:

    Nothing a EMP won't help 😂

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  23. Rhythm jung swar said:

    you sounds like samantha from movie her

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  24. Ahnaf Raihan said:

    Awesome and informative video!

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  25. Cowcraft YT said:

    pls talk abt games too

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  26. Cargamer 936 said:

    This video excited me, thx

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  27. Zaron Fire said:

    Feliz hualoowin hola grupo soy denesa.

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  28. Divine Justice said:

    She never answers the question. She brings up terminator and how different fantasy ai is to real ai the entire video. She only kind of describes what ai is 4 minutes into the video

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  29. Sagar Sagar said:

    01001001 01010001 01010010

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  30. George's N said:

    Escism by radical dreamland lead me here

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  31. jess jesse said:

    2: digitale papers , called softwaretoys for boys writters ! All movie starting b letter catergory letter b !

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  32. jess jesse said:

    1: ai = digitale paper fat library of movie or music or maps called : index- systems a- z letters !

    June 30, 2019
    Reply

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