Using IoT to Enable Smart Cities and Smart Infrastructure

good morning Singapore if I got their coffee their pastries back on track tank full ready to go you know it's what the internet of things is good I'll call on you to help you throughout the presentation who's heard of AWS IOT excellent only four people I need to fill in the audience fantastic work my name is Fred Coghlan as it sits up on the slide and I have the privilege of spending most of my time traveling through our Asia Pacific and Japan doing this so at AWS you may have heard that we always start with the customer and work backwards so I spend a lot of time sitting around a table or on a coffee or in a beer sometimes or around a meal listening to customers just like you existing customers who've been on AWS for a long time new customers who have just started putting their first production workloads on AWS and believe it or not the remainder of you as far as I'm concerned are just future customers customers who are exploring which workload when why how and where that they'll deploy into production on AWS and there's been a lot of interest recently around what we call the Internet of Things so this is when I'm not having the two other types of conversations that I have when I come here to Singapore if it's a business conversation it'll be about security it'll be about the cost of moving to the clouds or it'll be about the benefits but this session isn't about security costs and benefits if you want to hear about that one you have to come back to my session at 1:30 p.m. after lunch the other conversations I had with my friends and customers and team members here in Singapore is around those three famous Singaporean hygiene factors everyone know what they are food clothing and smart phones everyone in Singapore oh so talk to me about where are we going for lunch and planning to get out the door at 11:30 in the morning every one less you tell me the latest item of clothing they're wearing the ladies handbag they bought the shoes that they've just picked up last night and of course smartphones everything's about smartphones so let me tell you what I think I can do about those three hygiene things for you the catering here at Marina Bay Sands is sensational so if you're not happy with the food here I don't know we will be happy with our food as far as clothing goes I'd like you know I bought my best suit up from Australia with me so I hope you like the fashion statement and as far as smartphones go I'll do you a favor I love my Singaporean customers we love to take lots of photos during my presentation so there are five slides that I want you to take a photograph of this morning and I'll actually tell you what those slides are so that we can make it a really efficient a really productive session that sound good terrific Amazon Web Services has more than 90 services available now so we've obviously been spending a lot of time listening to our customers most of the ideas for most of the services most of the features and most of the enhancements don't come from us they come from you so for those of you who have very sharp eyes you may have noticed that just on almost two years ago we announced a new range of services which we called AWS IOT or the Amazon Web Services Internet of Things service and since then a complimentary service called green grass that does Internet of Things but with some computing capability added at the edge this is the first one I think you should take a photograph of so if you've got your smartphones grab this one this is a nice simple definition of what AWS Internet of Things is a managed cloud platform lets you connect your devices easily and securely so that they can interact with both applications and other devices AWS IOT will allow you to support billions of devices and trillions of messages so that you can process those route those to other AWS end points or other devices in a way that's cost effective reliable and most importantly secure here's the second photo I think you should take when I talked to customers around 8pj as well as my counterparts globally there are eight centers of gravity where we're starting to see Internet of Things applications starting to manifest so these are the eight most popular use cases that I see with our public sector customers across APJ and globally IOT with regard to assisted vehicles so autonomous vehicles etc traffic and parking related solutions built on IOT transportation solutions built on IOT energy and utility solutions built on IOT waste management solutions believe it or not built on IOT Public Safety Solutions on IOT citizen-centric solutions on IOT and an increasing raft of environmental solutions being built on the AWS Internet of Things service there's two interesting trends I've also noticed I've been with Amazon Web Services for years this month and there's an interesting trend the first wave of IOT solutions that I became familiar with were all device or century Koller sensor centric so it was all about using IOT to connect my sensors or my embedded devices and I'm going to take you through five examples of those immediately after this the second more recent wave I'm seeing is a shift away from the focus on the sensors and the embedded devices to an increasing trend where people and the devices that they are carrying are becoming the Internet of Things or the devices that we are tracking and interacting with using AWS IOT so let's have a look at the first one here's five quick examples that I'm seeing around good use of embedded devices and sensors built on AWS IOT it's anyone from Jakarta in the audience wonderful how many times a year do you enjoy the floods in Jakarta on average once or twice a year perhaps Jakarta is a city of about 28 million people and it the entire city grinds to a halt if the floods come so there's a project that was auspice between Amazon Web Services the city government of Jakarta the University of Wollongong in Australia and Twitter to build an IOT based solution that would be a combination of devices and sensors in low-lying areas that monitored the depth of water in channels rivers creeks and drains as well as taking what's called the dicker hose feed from Twitter a Decker hogs feed takes 10% of the Twitter feed in real-time and streaming it using another Amazon service call Kinesis to enable us to analyze the tweets that were coming in in real time and look for particular trends or particular catchphrases or particular keywords flooding evacuate water using this approach through a project called petty Jakarta that I sense is now involved to a project called Peter bacana we were able to provide sensor and embedded device related information that provided real-time data on the depth of the water in key low lying areas where they knew that they were lead indicators of a broader flood that would impact the city as well as analyzing the tweets from local residents so that they could in near real-time map where the water was rising which neighborhoods were likely to be impacted and how they should evacuate some of those neighborhoods in an orderly manner so that the entire city didn't evacuate in one hit ending up in gridlock but in a more orderly way Park smarts another great application this comes to us from the city of Catania in Italy so they used a combination of sensors and video cameras that are located in and around their central business district to monitor in real-time where the parking spots are free or not local Catania residents download an app onto their smartphone they can plot their regular route from home to work they can put the location of their office or their headquarters they can even plot this this favorite streets that they'd like to park in within a kilometer or so of their office and it will direct them as they get closer to the CBD to the nearest available vacant car spaces that they can pack in NL is one of the largest electricity suppliers in Europe with over 61 million customers they started in Europe and now branching out into South America as well and they'll have been an early adopter of AWS IOT using one of our partners called c3 IOT so they use IOT on both sides of the supplier and customer equation as a supplier they use AWS IOT to monitor all their electricity generation and distribution infrastructure so that they can optimize both their proactive in their reactive maintenance schedules on the consumer side they have millions of smart meters that are used by NL customers and they're using AWS IOT to monitor electricity consumption in near real-time so that households can look at they're pretty much instantaneous electricity usage they compare it to the same time yesterday or the same time last week they can compare it to their neighbors to their street to their suburb to their city and they can make smart choices about their electricity consumption in their households in near-real-time the city of Chicago is rolling out what it calls an array of sensors an array of things I beg your pardon there rather than an Internet of Things an array of things so they're building a grid across the central business district in Chicago that when it's completed at the end of next year we'll have some 500 sensors that combine a camera a microphone that can listen and particle sensors that can look at particulates in the air like dust or pollen or pollute using this joined up array of things they hope to be able to derive real-time insights into what's going on in their city at any one particular point in time they hope to draw correlations between in this particular part of the city we saw an increase in pollen count at around 3 to 4 p.m. on Tuesday afternoon and on Thursday morning we had a 20% increase in the number of inpatients at our accident and emergency Ward's of our hospitals presenting with breathing difficulties and then drawing some inferences about how they could better manage the alerting systems to get alerts out to Chicago residents in real-time to warn them of circumstances that may impact those who suffer from those sort of melodies the last example is Phillips smart poles many of you may have seen these you may have heard presentations about smart poles so I'm not trying to do going to try to to be the Philips sales rep but from the work that I've seen in the city of Los Angeles that uses AWS IOT in a range of other services these smart files do a couple of things very efficient LED lighting and Wi-Fi hotspots so they have a dual purpose so things like using LEDs enable them to reduce their electricity consumption they can drop the luminescence of the lights to something like 10 percent so there's just minimum lighting when there's no traffic or no pedestrians around it but they can also sense movement and they can really monnet 20r by they can do things like in an emergency situation if a fire presents in a certain part of the city and the fire station is located here they can centrally illuminate the route between the fire station and the fire to 100% to guide the fire engines to the fire in a way that's as safe and as practical as possible they're even looking at smarter parking solutions like caitanya where you can download the app and you can tell where you left your car in the car park and if the car park is one of the car parks that's serviced by the phillips matt pulse as you enter the geo boundary of the car park it remembers that i'm bread and my car is parked over there and it will automatically illuminate to 100% the light poles that I need to follow to get back to my car but as I go past the light poles the ones behind me then drop back down to 10% for safety so amazing example take the second category we're starting to see more of now is shifting from those sensors and those embedded devices to people as sensors or more specifically the devices that people are carrying those smartphones that you've been taking your photographs with so by asking users to download apps from whether it's the Android store or the Apple App Store and participating in that IOT enabled application they can start to draw information from you or your device but they can also push information to you or your device that makes your daily lives either easier for examples I want to have a look at has anyone heard of move it then I news move it Singapore is one of the cities covered by move it so move it covers a thousand different cities around the world now 65 countries more than 40 million users so move it users download the move it app onto their smartphone and in near real time they become the sensors themselves move it knows that there are 200 people on a train line between this station and that station and they've been stuck in that one geosynchronous position for the last five minutes so there's a very good chance there's a delay on that train so it can notify all the other move its subscribers in that city that there appears to be a real time delay on this particular train line that so far is caused a delay of five or six minutes but if you're a subscriber to move it and it knows that you live here and you try to get there and you regularly use that train line it can also push notifications to you and say the train doesn't look like a good option this morning but the buses are running well so your closest bus stop is here here or here and the bus route numbers you should get is a 2 4 5 a 2 4 6 or a 309 Boston Street bump program this has been around for a little while now so this is the city of Boston using smart phones fact that many of the more recent smartphones have an accelerometer in them accelerometer so the accelerometer can can detect motion so people subscribe to the street bump application they download the app from the app store when they start their regular commute to work usually in their car they put their smartphone on their dashboard and when they take their regular route to work and they drive over a pothole the car jumps up and down the smartphone accelerometer registers that there's a movement in that y-axis and it immediately plots the GPS position of where that bump occurred the Geo code then gets sent back to the city of Boston and if they get enough pings from that exact location in a reasonably tight period of time they figure there's a pothole there and they dispatch a crew proactively to go and repair the pothole so version one was a little bit lumpy version one started to send back a lot of pings for speed humps and railway crossings and they dispatched crews only to find out that there was a legitimate bump so they they mapped of second version of the product that then put a false positive at certain locations that says if you get a reading from this location chances are it's the speed hump or it's the railway crossing so let's not worry about those ones and the second incarnation of the project has been providing a lot more accurate real-time information that's enabled them to reduce the time it takes to address the potholes in the first place and then reduce the costs involved because it's much cheaper to repair a small pothole than to leave it go for a couple of weeks particularly if there's rain or a storm and it becomes a much larger pothole and a far more expensive exercise to maintain it my vision is a is another smart city's partner that's been working with Missouri in the United States Myo vision started life as a company that did a lot of traffic counting counting pedestrians buses cars that were crossing certain roads would have started with the original rubber strips on the road for those of you have seen those you know 20 years ago and got two more more clever optical devices that could count in the real time as they've evolved their offerings they've started to think about smart intersections and now the same optical technologies that they used to traffic count in the early days are now being used to aggregate up a level and monitor things like what's the traffic flow like how heavy is the traffic going through my particular intersection which direction is the heavy traffic going is it from north to south or is it from east to west by then connecting up intersections in the CBD each intersection can also become part of a grid that talks to each other this intersection is seen busy traffic from north to south this one's also seen busy traffic from north to south this one's seen busy traffic from north to south that particular road seems to have busy traffic now it interacts with the signal sequence to increase the green light pattern and reduce the red light pattern to increase the throughput of traffic in that north-south direction until it sees that the traffic congestion is starting to reduce and then it reverts back to the normal traffic patterns really clever use so the next incarnation of this goes to using people as sensors so the the version of the app that they're trialing at the moment will enable people to subscribe to my a vision and similarly plot their regular route to work like what we saw with the move at example and it will provide information to people in real-time that says you know what that route that you normally take to work that uses this road that goes through these three intersections it's pretty congested at the moment you might want to try this alternative route on this particular road or this particular freeway that seems to be less congested right now and finally the most recent one and this is one that I really like so this apana called visa linux out of New York and Amazon Web Services partner who won one of our city on a cloud challenge awards back in 2015 so they do a range of IOT and analytics base applications but most recently they've been working with the city of Copenhagen so I don't have any of you ever been to Denmark but very popular tourist distant in Eastern Europe its built on the water and it has a lot of traffic from passenger liners so passenger ships that tie up in Copenhagen port and then for a day maybe two days at a time at 10 a.m. in the morning the ship unloads and five six seven thousand passengers disembark a passenger liner and spend the day in Copenhagen returning at 5 or 6 p.m. that evening so now what the passenger liner companies are doing is they're encouraging their passengers to download the Copenhagen card or the Copenhagen City app on their smartphones the app cost them about 40 euros and if they download the app they then get free admission to 79 different museums and attractions they get free public transportation for their day in Copenhagen they get discounts on a lot of restaurants attractions entertainment and they can bring their kids along for free so visit lytx worked with the local government in the city of Copenhagen to start to see if they could put some smarts behind the Copenhagen app they started to monitor what was happening to the people when they left the passenger liner which direction did they go did they hop on a bus or did they go by foot where did they pause for more than five minutes which particular store was that or which particular attraction was that which of the 79 museums or galleries do they actually go into how long did they stay at that museum or gallery more importantly which ones did they walk right past without even going in so visa leaks have now built them a dashboard that presents a map that's in near-real-time that shows in a de-identified way the the concentration of tourists or visitors in Copenhagen at any one time where do they're stopping at certain venues the size of the circle on the map tells you whether it was a large number of people or a small number of people and then they broken down the circle into a pie chart that says did the people stay at that location for 0 to 5 minutes 5 to 15 minutes 15 to 30 minutes 30 minutes to an hour 1 to 2 hours or 2 hours plus imagine the sort of analytics if you could derive information from that and use that to make smarter decisions about what you do next week when the next passenger liner arrives how do we promote more people to go to this gallery you know how do we encourage fewer people to go to this particular museum at this time how do we get more people into this restaurant how do we get them to go to other city features that they might not be aware of could we push information to them based on where we know they are in the city at the time and say did you know you are within 100 meters of three other fantastic attractions that you should have a look at if you've got some spare time while you're in Copenhagen so two different types of IOT applications one with embedded devices and sensors and the second wave that we're starting to see around people and their devices as the sensors themselves here's the third slide I wanted to take a photograph of how do I find out more information about what is the Internet of Things so there's a URL there down the bottom in blue most things are / something in this case it's IOT the second thing is if I want to know more about these smart connected sustainable city solutions like the 9 that we've quickly walked through here today where do I find out more so here's the next photograph there's a URL there Amazon AWS that / smart – the cities so this is a new landing page we built only in the last 12 months or so that's starting to aggregate all this great information that we're finding out from partners and solutions that are being built on the AWS IOT platform it's even getting so big that we've had to start curating the site so we've broken the site down into five categories that are similar to those eight areas that we snapshot it in our first photograph earlier we're seeing a lot of transportation and mobility solutions we're seeing a lot of public safety solutions a lot of public health solutions a lot of solutions built around environment and quality of life and then finally the fifth area at the side talked about platforms and partners that customers can engage with to help them on their journey using AWS IOT the final picture with your smartphone is okay how does this whole AWS IOT platform thing work so slash IOT – platform slash how – eeeep – works luckily when you get the slides that's a hyperlink you can click on that and you don't have to type it but that should provide you with more information about what we do and how we do it as for the original challenge that i posted at the start of the presentation around if your conversation is more business oriented and you want to know about security and cost and the benefits of moving to the cloud I look forward to seeing you 1:30 p.m. until then enjoy the rest of your summit and thank you

One Comment

  1. Karlemids said:

    just put chips in all our heads and be done with it.
    thats where all this is leading, hey mr smooth talker

    June 27, 2019

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