#TRIP2019: Session 2 – Importance of Innovation in Border Management (Part 1)



[Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] then well good morning everyone welcome back to day two of the trip symposium I hope you enjoyed the reception last night it was terrific the food the wine and mostly the people the mingling the networking the visiting of the booths of sponsors and exhibitors I think everyone that I saw last night at a very very good time so thank you very much Heidi Mia for providing the venue for this excellent networking event today we have an all-day networking coffee located on the fifth floor just above the entrance to the Assembly Hall here it is sponsored today by regula and I encourage you to walk up to the fifth floor mezzanine and visit additional sponsors and exhibitors that are of course all eager to converse with you about their technologies and a reminder that we also have an exhibitor on the third floor just at the foot of the escalators as you make your way down the building for those who were not with us yesterday a big welcome thank you for being here this morning and I do have a few of the housekeeping items that I'd like to go over once more with you again this year we're making available an application an app for the symposium it allows you to keep abreast of each of the sessions and the speakers and to take full advantage of the networking possibilities offered throughout the week in fact you can consider it your official program for the symposium very easy to connect to you connect to the icao public Wi-Fi which is available throughout the building and you download the app from the Apple Store or the Google Play Store by searching for if at ICAO events at ICAO we also are broadcasting live through live streaming the entire Proceedings of the symposium and this is thanks to secure report secure report is a an organization that specializes in live streaming and we're happy to have them provide the service throughout the week so if colleagues of yours could not attend the symposium give them a call give them an an email they can tune in to the entire Proceedings of the symposium and they can actually watch us live on Uniting aviation comm I'll repeat that uniting aviation one word.com additionally the sky live streaming presentations and recordings of the symposium are available for on-demand viewing as soon as each session is completed so if you missed one you'd like to see it over again you go to Uniting aviation comm the presentations that are available will also be uploaded to the symposium website at the end of each date let's see I think that pretty well covers it one thing that I'd like to mention is that at the end of most of our sessions we have a question period where you can put your questions or comments actually to the moderator and the panelists you can do so by email from your computers or electronic devices the address changed from yesterday so I'd like to make sure that you change the address that you will be using to simply trip symposium at ICAO dot ends trip symposium onward at IKEA dot int finally of great interest lunch today will also be offered on the fifth floor where the all day coffee networking break will be happening so on the fifth floor there's an extra island for the lunch and actually when you go up there you'll see the view is magnificent of the of the building the entire building so if it's too crowded downstairs you can go up to the fifth floor the view is great finally throughout the symposium if you have any questions at all please come down to see our trip team here down at the front row of the hall we'll be happy to answer any questions that you might have so we're ready now to move on to session 2 where we reflect on the importance of innovations in border management in fact our guest speakers in yesterday's opening session all alluded to the need for innovating and collaborating in developing new solutions to our common challenges our session to panel is composed of representatives of stakeholders and international organizations that will provide updates on the respective initiatives and projects and the moderator is savannah live for you the deputy director aviation security and facilitation at ICAO so sube without further ado the entire floor is yours yes Thank You Danny good morning everybody I'm going to give you a second to put your earpiece on because I'm going to be moderating in French well as respond with equity or jump off you too but I'd like to let you know as Danny said yesterday that the symposium has a full interpretation services you see the interpreters at the back of the room behind the glass and that way you can speak in any of the six official languages of icons so I am speaking mine French so don't hesitate to speak your own language if it's one of the six UN languages Arabic Chinese Spanish French Russian and English it's not necessarily very easy for my panelists to keep up with me but I'll try to go slow it's my honor to moderate to this morning's session so you're going to be hearing me but you'll also be hearing from the panelists this morning we're going up to 10:30 and I would like to keep it to 10:30 because one of our panelists Christopher Wolfe has to go to the airport for an inauguration as I was mentioned yesterday afternoon the KDDI initiative is launching with the WEF Canada the Netherlands and a number of operators so we want him to get to the airport on time and we will strictly abide by the schedule so without further ado I would like to ask dr. Christopher wolf who is the director of mobility in the World Economic Forum's and invite him to give the views of the WEF on assistance for mobility and supporting throughput of passengers and they are leading a number of very interesting initiatives that we're following closely in ICAO Christopher okay good morning everybody excellencies distinguished delegates I'm honored to be invited to address the 15th symposium of the ICAO traveler identification program on behalf of the World Economic Forum we value our long-standing partnership with ICAO and the opportunity to contribute to the efforts of the trip strategy the World Economic Forum is the International Organization for public-private cooperation having been in operation for five decades the forum brings together world leaders from across the globe including most influential CEOs in a large community of heads of states for the purpose of catalyzing action to improve the state of the world we do this through working at a very it's a very edge of emerging technologies anticipating what changes these technologies will unleash on society at large and learning together with public and private stakeholders how to navigate these she'll these changes and sure and ensure we use them for good rather than enabling harm additionally because technology is evolving so rapidly we work with regulators policymakers and with innovators in industry to design adaptable agile governance frameworks for ensuring valuable use in the aviation travel and tourism environment we are seeing the proliferation of biometric technologies the exploration of blockchain and the accelerated use of machine learning these technologies are being used in particular to try to address a mutual challenge of an unprecedented growth in global travel with increasing constraints on physical infrastructure and border and security screening procedures and this particular challenge because of its sheer size and complexity cannot be solved by independent actors alone it requires cooperation among stakeholders and importantly across fields of expertise the increasing number of travelers presents an enormous challenge for air borders current constrains on infrastructure human and capital resources are likely to result in bottlenecks and strained operations in aviation border security thus increasing risks related to national security and soft targets recognizing that facilitating the secure movement of international travelers through airports is a priority for both nation states and industry partners the forum has worked for the last few years with its stakeholders to identify mutually beneficial global interventions that would accelerate and our ability to address these challenges this resulted in the conceptualization of the known traveler digital identity introduced eight months ago the known treasure traveler digital identity or Katy di can subtract Ignasi recognizes that there are a multitude of ongoing local pilots and programs that seek to deliver a seamless experience for the traveler in the airport journey it was like cipolla's Heathrow and Dubai a radically improving the customer experience and optimising efficiencies through the use of biometrics and joint pilots between airlines and airports bringing life to the one I D concept popularized by autumn and the seamless traveller journey framework introduced by WTTC to see these benefits recognized across a global traveller system it is important that these systems talk to each other in a practical way and serve the needs of all stakeholders in the ecosystem this means the framework for these two work together should address the unique needs of government agencies not just industry this includes border agencies identity issue agencies and transport ministries to name a few it also means this global framework should be interoperable and usable across the entire value chain it should be scalable and it should be vendor agnostic and it should be designed to bring valuable utility to hotels car rentals booking agents and other stakeholders that build the travel and tourism experience for travelers when I address this gathering in November at the last trip symposium last year I was proud to share that we had embarked on a pilot process with the governments of Canada the Netherlands and our industry partners KLM Air Canada the airport's of Toronto Montreal and Amsterdam and with a support of technology partners such as Accenture vision box in ID Mia in the two countries today nine months later we will officially launch the known traveler digital identity pilot consortium a symbolic acknowledgement and formalization of a collection of public and private entities working together to build a cross-border example of using digital identities to enhance both security and seamlessness in the entire trouble continuum this is symbolic because we're learning rapidly across sectors that getting the full benefit out of user centric versatile digital identities linking individuals to the services they require cannot be achieved by individual organizations to support alignment across sectors including international travel the forum hosts the platform for good digital identity for now 18 months it has brought together public and private sector leaders from across industries such as health financial services and travel to truly find global principles for identity in a digital world and accelerate progress towards the digital identity solution that bridge the physical digital divide in a manner that is inclusive trustworthy safe and sustainable what is critical in moving towards user centric digital identities that serve both individuals and the organizations with which they interact is finding the right balance between usefulness security inclusivity and the ability to design systems that are fit for purpose and offer choice for users working in the in the known traveler digital identity consortium we have recognized how important it is to strike this balance and hope to utilize the kti platform to scale to provide learnings and recommendations to other stakeholders how to achieve this balance in a multi-stakeholder environment we offer five core elements of good digital identity that will support available transition first these identities must be fit for purpose this means they must be accurate unique acceptable and sustainable accuracy and a uniqueness has always been preserved in the travel environment by the trip strategy and identity management efforts of RKO and this ensures identities are trusted the KT di works based on a digital identity created and authenticated by the issuing government such as digital travelers a credential and having the in digital individual identity attributes verified and cryptographically used using a decentralized public key infrastructure secondly digital identities must be useful this means they must offer access to a wide range of services and interactions and must be easy to establish and use the KT di has Beco designed by stakeholders across a tribal continuum including hotels airlines and financial services companies it is testing a key innovation by enabling stations are verified credentials from private entities on top of government-issued credentials so a traveler can show verified proof of their visas frequent flyer numbers driver's licenses or hotel oil T numbers this ensures that we are testing the ability of digital identities to serve more than one use such as border crossings using this utility and convenience allows governments and corporations to provide more personalized value-added services encourages wide spectrum adoption by individuals and organizations third in a similar way digital identities must offer choice increasingly individuals are demanding control and transparency of the personal data regulators also are focusing more on privacy and data protection identity systems that meet these demands will likely boost trust minimize a risk of exploitation or manipulation and enjoy more widespread adoption as a traveler centric system the KT di allows a user to manage all components of their identity in a digital format it enables the consensual sharing of one or more identity attributes or to attestations on an authorized to know and need-to-know basis with the stakeholders in the KT di ecosystem to really move forwards this type of system it is also critical to inform and educate users about their rights to privacy and data protection and this should be embedded in the user experience design of any digital identities to empower individuals to make informed choices and decisions about their identity and privacy considering the trade-offs fourth it goes without saying the digital identities must must be thoroughly secure ICAO standards and recommended practices ensure the current well identity system is as secure as possible in the move to digital identities the entire system should offer protection from authorized accessed disclosure sharing an authorized access disclosure sharing theft or manipulation of data it should also embed an audit trail to assign responsibilities and provide for recourse in the case of security breach and lastly the move from digital from physical to digital system must be inclusive by design universal access and inclusion should be embedded into the design and facilitating the move to individualize risk assessments can go a long way to ensuring users are granted access to those services they are entitled to the community I concept is envisioned for use by anyone who can obtain a digital identity that can be authenticated by the issuing government and who is legally allowed to travel it was designed with minimum data requirements meaning that only information that is critical for a given transaction to occur would be shared this can safeguard against discrimination or unintended consequences of unauthorized sharing of personal data the digital identity framework will be more inclusive if it has standards for identity data and for interaction with trust anchors that all individuals can meet these five elements fit for purpose usefulness security choice offering and inclusivity are interconnected and of equal importance at the same time tensions exist between them but our k TDI pilot consortium is offering a ripe environment for learning and testing these tensions for example strong privacy measures will support security but increased security may also rate a reduce convenience providing user value in a digital identities thus requires solving challenges in our for all five elements considering cultural policy and legal with digital identities to that offer convenient trusted access along with user choice and control over their data neutral identities will be more efficient and cost-effective in the longer run than what exists in the data silos of today technologies and standards to enable decentralized identity system are rapidly gaining momentum but most operating models and regulatory frameworks today are designed for centralized systems new ecosystem for digital identity will need new governance models and stakeholder multi-stakeholder collaboration will be crucial to test and define what these models will look like as a kanay – di pilot progresses in the coming year the forum will continue to collaborate and share insights with all valued partners to inform the development of digital identity ecosystems and standards and encourage partnerships around best practices and interoperability we encourage you to find more out more at Katie i.org and look forward to working alongside Iko and other members to advance a transformation from physical to digital identity systems of the next decade Thank You Raj [Applause] investible Christopher thank you very much stuff for this very interesting presentation I was tempted to ask you to speak a little slower for the interpreters but also not to speak too long so that we can make the time but you did stay within your time and I think that the interpreters have been able to keep up so there's no problem so now we're going to give the floor to Simone venial who represents the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe the OSCE he manages the travel documents security program and he is going to tell you a story C Mon C Mon it's over to you good morning everyone I will speak English but with an Irish accent are you ready to go on a journey through time time travel yesterday my director spoke about the four key areas that the OSC works on in traveler identification today I want to focus just on one biometrics and I want to speak to you about the past the present and the future in the past I'll speak about where we got our mandate for dealing with biometrics in the present I'll speak about what we're actually doing in particular regarding biometric passports and the ICAO public key directory and for the future I look at what we plan to do to help States to develop biometric systems for countering terrorism but since we're starting in the past let's start 140 years ago with a ghost story June 27th 18 seventy-nine a young Irish woman named Mary Gallagher she was in Montreal only a couple of blocks from here on the corner of William Street and Murray Street she was brutally murdered and beheaded now why is this important still to this day every seven years she haunts the streets of Montreal searching for her head searching for her face her biometric identifier that will prove that she is who she says she is so she can travel into the next world but because she's lost this she continues to haunt the streets to this day stuck between worlds now why is this relevant for the osc are we the Ghostbusters no however we do help States to use and develop biometric technologies including facial scans so let's talk about the mandate why are we doing this who here has heard of UN Security Council resolution 23 96 let's get a show of hands okay good some of you at least I know Ruth is also going to be touching on this a little bit later in terms of biometrics there are two key mandates in this resolution firstly it mandates all states every single state that's here to develop systems to collect and use biometric data for countering terrorism that's a big ask so secondly the resolution tasks regional organizations like the OSC to provide technical assistance resources and capacity building to be able to help States meet their commitments this resolution supplements many of the other resolutions dealing with travel document security as well as ikl standards on Identity Management so that's our mandate which is built from our past resolutions let's look at the present what are we actually doing now and that deals with specifically biometric passport security and joining the ICAO public key directory we heard from Christian yesterday but maybe we can do a brief summary again here is a diagram that I stole from someone else presentation and let's pretend that I'm the citizen down on the bottom left I have my Irish biometric passport which I got from the government and because Ireland is a member of the ICAO PKD that means I am a trusted traveler when I travel my biometric passport is treated as an e passport as a biometric passport so Ireland is getting its money worth money's worth for the investment it made in biometric passports and let's say I'm travelling to Germany Christophe here is from Germany Germany is also a member of the AO PKD which means when I travel there that Christoph can verify that the chip in my passport has not been altered or changed in any way thus the chain of trust has created by their Cael public key directory what are we actually doing to help States to join dheere chalo PKD can I take my passport back back soldier well I would break it up in three phases firstly we arrange sub-regional workshops this brings together trouble document issuance attorneys will travel document verification authorities and usually we gather about five or six countries from a sub region and it's not just a talking shop we speak about what is the ICAO PKD why it's beneficial to join and she draft a roadmap for how those countries can actually become members now we have many technical expertise so I guess you'll know that just because you guys may think it's a good idea or because technical experts may think it's a good idea to join doesn't necessarily mean that the decision-makers will think it's a good idea so as a follow-up we then arrange country visits the objective of these country visits are to meet with the minister or a decision maker in the country who can give us the green light to join the ICAO PKD were generally joined by the ICAO PKD officer as well as technical PKD experts who help us to persuade the decision maker that is politically beneficial to join the HKL PKD once we get the green light then we get to work then we give direct technical support to the country this technical support is in adjusting perhaps our national PKI or helping them to integrate with the PKD is this phased approach successful well as my director outlined yesterday at the opening we have managed to raise the level of PKD membership in the OFC area from 13 when we first started to now 34 in the last Mintz alone we've had a sub-regional workshop for southeastern Europe five follow up country visits in each of those countries and two of those countries have already signed the MOU Croatia and Bosnia with the others not far behind so that's what we've been doing let's look at the future in terms of the future for our PKD initiative we want to move into the other sub regions in the OSC area Central Asia the Caucasus Eastern Europe try and grow the ICAO PKD membership additionally we want to address the issue that Christians spoke about yesterday the PKD members who are not using the PKG in the way that they should so we're also hoping to go and meet those countries and show them how they should be using the PKD but that's not all in resolution 2396 it calls on States to develop biometric systems for collecting and using biometric data for countering terrorism so what does that mean here's another diagram that I stole from someone else collecting biometric data at the border means that when a traveller arrives at the border such as this guy in the top left that his biometric a biometric scan is taken usually this means a facial scan but it can also mean fingerprints or or maybe even an iris if a country then collects this biometric scan they can do two things firstly they can verify that I am Who my passport says I am that my face matches the biometric chip in my passport it also means the country can check my facial scan against watch lists or databases that they may have that contain biometric data such as Interpol's foreign terrorist fighter biometric watchlist as we heard yesterday states still have quite a long way to go in order to be able to meet their commitments in this resolution so that's why we have launched a new initiative on biometrics we launched it in April of this year together with the biometrics Institute and our goal is to help States to meet their commitments in resolution 2396 but how do we plan on doing this we plan to follow the same three phased approach that we used in the PKD project meaning we plan to organize sub regional workshops which will bring together counterterrorism officials border officers data privacy experts explain to them what is biometrics why they're beneficial for countering terrorism and how those countries should go about developing those systems phase to them will be country visits and not only will we be meeting with decision-makers to help to persuade them to meet their commitments but will also use these country visits as a needs assessment to figure out what systems the country has in place where they want to go and how do SC kind of system once this is done we'll move to phase three which is our direct technical support helping these countries to maybe amend their legislation procure Hardware procure software integrate these biometric systems into their border management operations of course we're not doing this in a vacuum because the UN adopted this far-reaching resolution they've also published a UN compendium of recommended practices for the responsible use and sharing of biometrics and camped terrorism we plan to use these recommended practices in our work with States and we've partnered with one of the main authors of this compendium that was the biometrics Institute to be able to help us do that in summary I have spoken to you about our mandate which is built in the past I've spoken to you about our present activities related to biometric passports and joining tal PKD and I've spoken to you about our future plans for helping States to develop and use biometric systems for countering terrorism we've already heard a lot in this symposium about the importance of partnership and that's why we're here if you are a country that already has biometric systems and you can maybe help us to help others please get in touch with me perhaps you are an international or regional organization with expertise in biometrics and we can join in partnership to help States implement this resolution if so please get in touch with me or perhaps you are a private company or consultant working on biometrics and we could work with you to send you into a country to deliver expert advice to that country to help them develop and build up their biometric systems if so please get in touch of me I'll leave you one last note about our friend Mary Gallagher the haunted ghost she is due to reappear tomorrow June 27th on the corner of William Street and Murray Street she has been haunting the streets of Montreal now for 140 years never before have so many identity experts been gathered in Montreal at the same time that Mary Gallagher would reappear so get out into the streets help Mary Gallagher find her head she can get her identity back thank you very much my name is Sun and Diegan it's a pleasure to be here yes Buchan Samantha thank you very much Simon for this very interesting historical perspective and thank you for telling us about the full usage of these documents and the importance of they joining the PKD so now we were going to move on to Ruth Cara gu who is a program officer with the United Nations Office of counterterrorism in New York she's going to talk to us about her role in the implementation of the countering terrorism travel program which began this year thank you good morning I'll begin my presentation by reflecting on Security Council resolution to 396 which Simon has already referred to so that resolution created new obligations to strengthen border security and information-sharing and it also called upon member states to build their capability on API P&R specifically for purposes of preventing the travel of foreign terrorist fighters so the initiative that I'll be sharing with you today is the United Nations countering terrorist travel program this is a multi-year global capacity building initiative that we implement in partnership with four other UN entities seated I kill OSE T and UNODC the purpose of this program is to support member states to enhance their capacity to detect foreign terrorist fighters and other serious criminals through the use of API and PNR data in compliance with Security Council resolution to 396 this is a very new initiative that was just only launched in May in the presence of the UN Security Council I mean in the presence of the UN secretary-general and also their chaos secretary-general the end result of this initiative is that members they should be able to have the capability to have API P&R data sent to them by air carriers through a single window they should have the capability to be able to analyze and process that data and then share it internally with competent authorities and also with other member states for purposes of detecting preventing investigating terrorist travel so the program initiates from what we call seated assessment so seated is mandated by the Security Council to assess the implementation of Member States implementation of Security Council resolutions so we undertake a very detailed analysis of member states that are interested in receiving this capability from the United Nations and as a result very detailed implementation Road markets developed that sets out tailored recommendations on how a member state can be able to build this capability we usually encourage member states to identify a lead ministry that would be the focal point for ongoing liaison the program foresees four key areas of implementation and I'll just go through each of them very briefly the first is a legislative assistance so this is led by our colleagues at UNODC so we assist member states to develop their national legislative frameworks so that they can be able to regulate the collection transmission use retention and sharing of API and PNR data in compliance with international human rights framework we are also very pleased with a very with the recent establishment of the special task force that has been tasked to develop a new standard or a on PNR and the results of this exercise will of course inform our work on legislative assistance the second area that is foreseen is operational assistance and this is led by our colleagues at UNODC but also our colleagues in New York at Ueno City so here we are supporting member states to develop or to set up a sustainable passenger information unit this is the unit that is charged with collecting and processing API P&R data within the member state framework so we support in terms of developing the standard operating procedures establishing the governance and also providing a wide range of capacity-building including through training the third is the air transport engagement and this is led by our colleagues at I care so beneficiary member states are supported to secure the provision of bulk API in our data from Airlines to their Pia I use their passenger information units in accordance with ICAO standards and recommended practices the third and final the fourth and final area of support is the provision of ICT support so we do support member states with a software system that allows them to be able to to collect and store and process if we appear in our data we refer to this system as go travel and we ensure that the system is not only connected with the air carrier so that the passenger data can be properly transmitted but also we provide maintenance support going forward so that the system is able to operate in the way in which it is supposed to operate and that's the end of my my presentation thank you merci beaucoup thank you very much Ruth now we will give the floor to flurry enforcer who is from the International Organization for Migration it's an organization that works on the ground that implements the the elements we've discussed and he has a particularly interesting presentation thank you Florian the floor is yours hello it's a pleasure to be here thank you very much to IKEA for inviting I went to attend also the 2019 symposium on trip it's a very important program and I want to today focus a bit on innovations we see in the border management field related to trip innovations that are not always technical or high technical but also innovations that are useful for settings in challenging situations not only at the air borders also at sea or land borders before I go to the presentation that we say a couple of words about I REM and I once work in the field of immigration and border management awareness the united nations migration agency we have now 173 member states as mr. Silva said we are focused on policy on the one inside but also very strongly on project implementation project development around the world around the globe so it's a very technical and hence on organization we are not setting standards that's not the mandate we got from our Member States but we are there to support countries to provide advice and to provide services and technical assistance in the migration management field at large and then specifically also related to border management identity management so the focus is on policy debate on program development and implementation I think we have an hour work since with IOM since 24 years we have gained a solid reputation to implement to be able to implement large-scale capacity-building technical assistance project around the world and that not only in Europe or Northern America but also in more challenging settings around the world we work in countries like today Libya or Somalia Afghanistan South Sudan often in situations where we have particular challenges and where we still want to do our very best to support government to live up to the obligations and to ensure that order management helps and functions properly the scale of OMS till the program is now around 1.8 billion it's largely donor funded from the Member States the biggest donors are the European Union and the 28 member states plus social countries followed by the United States Japan and so the classic donor community we have today around 13,000 colleagues based in 158 countries roughly 400 locations around the world and I think that shows a bit the strength of IOM in helping to implement activities across the blog globe also in these more challenging situations if the specific field of or the management immigration Identity Management which I am overseeing at IOM we had last year 250 projects with a total expenditure of 124 million to give you a rough idea how much of the scope of our activities when we talk about innovations and it's the technical side but I think what is also important is that we look at the policy frameworks around it and to make sure that they are coherent that what we do within the trip program also is reflected properly within other policy frameworks and I just want to mention a couple here which I think are relevant I could also mention the sustainable development goals I didn't list in here specifically but this is very important so all the work we do under the trip program fits very very well with the United Nations sustainable development goals it also fits and that's a bit more recent with the compact for migration the GCM which was welcomed by the large majority of Union member states in December last year and I just want to highlight here three of the objectives within the GCM which do you specifically also with elements that are covered by the trip objective for to ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity in advert documentation objective 11 to manage orders an integrated secure coordinated manner and objective 23 which was was erased a couple of times the need for close cooperation and international cooperation and partnership in this field I also mention here in the last line a couple of other new initiatives where I am is strongly engaged the UNL ieg legal identity experts working group so the United Nations now look at legal identity issues the trip framework again their plays a big role but it goes beyond travelers it goes to birth registration it looks at legal identity as a tool to participate in your own country to fully make your rights respected so that's important we have of course the ID 4d the World Bank initiative for IOM is also a partner with and we I think we have a presentation this later and also just to mention of the new strategic region which is currently developed and share has been shared with the member states where we have put much more focus again on legal identity a I D as a very important and key tool for proper migration and border management so innovation not just on the technical side but also when it comes to the policy frameworks around that so what do we do at IOM specifically in the field of border management identity management and trip we have signed in 2016 an MoU with ICAO which structures our cooperation and trip is one of the key elements of this cooperation we have also held for instance travel international term health which are also were important areas especially now when we deal with challenges such as Ebola and so we have also other elements they have a trip is certainly one of the big elements within the cooperation between IOM and IQ I said this before ICAO focuses on setting standards member states come together under IQ to agree on standards and recommended practices our role then is to use our implementation capacity to role to help governments across the world especially in developing countries or crisis countries to roll them out so the idea is to link this capacity to I hear some a role a mandate to develop standards with the capacity to help countries rolling it out for this we have developed an action plan for implementation which was presented at Tech trip two last year and we work in this field closely together with the working groups of a trip that means the new technology working group and especially the implementation and capacity-building working group which has the role to support countries implementing and building the necessary capacity to implement the trip program in this action plan I've mentioned before and I will not go into all the details we have identified some areas which are important I just want to show you here again the so-called trip beigel the different areas of cooperation were working and we felt we have to help in all these five areas on evidence of identity machine google cloud documents up to interupt applications but that we have to focus and concentrate in some of the areas so we developed this implementation plan and where we have highlighted or especially focused on a couple of topics we are now focusing on one is supporting governments in EMR TDM Ltd procurement how to get out a proper tender to get how to write the specifications in your tender so that in the end you get the the document the solution that is best suited for your needs we work on the evidence of identity part on order management information systems control part where the UN has its own program available for member states miters on PKI and PKD where we have signed also recently in MoU with luxembourg to support member states really understanding and and then helping to roll out those systems capacity building for border management officials whether it's travel document verification examination we work together with IQ or also border management in crisis situations for this especially on the african continent we have a dedicated training center the african capacity building center on board and migration management in tanzania moshe at the foot of mount kilimanjaro board assessments that we do also together with partners where then we look at the situation and help countries to identify gaps and needs where assistance would be needed increasingly also on travel documents in emergency and crisis environments together with ICRC HCR so there are many partners how to issue proper documentation for people who cannot follow the normal process but who need a documentation in specific situation now one of the challenges we are working on is what to do with the Venezuelan crisis and how to help people to get legal identity you know ought to be at least register them to legally exist in neighboring countries who welcome the people to go there and on API on API I have my colleague Eric's leaveners who will talk about this more tomorrow I want to show you also my time is limited young couple of examples what we do in the control when you look to the trip bagel water control element we have our own IT system that we make available to interested member states member states also get the source code of this program and it's called Midas migration information data analysis system which we have now rolled out in 22 countries all the countries that are interested can have it it's highly custom customizable that means it's not just an entry/exit system but it can be also customized for specific other Princeton's registration solutions or challenges which need to be addressed today we have it in 22 states I've listed them here in hand around 20 130 border points not just air but especially also land or sea what I wanted to say here as well is we look currently also at cooperation with Ozzy CUDA those who work on customs are familiar with that it's the United Nations IT system made available for member states on customs management we deal with human beings as you could have more with containers if you want and we are now currently negotiating so I'm gonna sign an agreement to with in support States to wonder if the two systems so that they can interact and exchange information important this system matters all the information is exclusively with the National Authority so the UN doesn't any of this information all the informations exclusively with the responsible national authorities also in just one more example linked to Midas how we can integrate this with interoperable situ interoperable applications so whenever we help setting up a border management information system bead Midas speed also other systems we also help countries to help you know if they choose another system to implement that system we can link it to these interoperable applications like the Interpol s Ltd solution work on API we hear more about this tomorrow to the PKD also verification with national databases so very customizable solutions that are specifically requested by the Member State for the specific situation so I would like to account an end with my presentation and trying to reach out to the Member States iqo member states are also aware member states when you have needs and so please reach out to us the more we know about your challenges the better we can respond to them and normally respond to them by doing an assessment together with you the results are of course kept confidential if the government wants and then based on this assessment we can write a proposal project proposal go fundraising and try to help implementing them the solutions identified the best we do this also not in isolation we do this together with other countries that here we did an assessment in st. Lucia for instance so it's important that we have the exchange and that be the also but then identify what are the specific needs and then try to work out a concrete solution which then could be implemented with specific donor funding so please contact your higher mission in your own capital I think awareness in most of the countries present or than in the regional offices also if you hear the names of our regional thematic specialists on specialists in the field of border management are around the globe or of course I wanna head quarters in Geneva that can be contacted I want to come in and end with that I think it's it's very important that when we look at border management that we look not just at the security side it's a very important element it's now of course often the forefront also media but they be look also at the facilitation side let's not forget that most of the travelers that cross borders do this in a bonafide manner so we also try to work a lot on facilitation and not just facilitation but also development border should also be areas where international or economic development of countries is boosted I think that's a very important element that we look at this and when we look at border management we also have maybe a third element which we as i ôm see specifically as well it's the protection side proper border management proper identity management is there to facilitate to ensure security but also protect the vulnerable people single children asylum seekers refugees we have to have the three elements together and I think what I want to leave now with is the idea that when we think about identity management border management that we always consider these three aspects they are they're equally important and it's it's important that we put them in a right relationship and especially when we come from a development perspective as well it's important to stress the development and the facilitation element of good border management good Identity Management there's so much in it and that goes hand-in-hand with the security and counterterrorism elements I leave you with that thinks a lot and unhappy for further discussions later Thanks thank you thank you very much for all your makin your faucet well continue in French thank you very much Florian and thank you to all four of you for your very interesting presentations now we have about a quarter of an hour left to us so we can start the discussion I have received some interesting questions from the room so if you would like to ask any questions so you have the addresses trip symposium at ICAO dot int it's all together as you see on the screen I have a few questions myself and since I am holding the mic I'm going to jump in first I have a question first of all that could be taken by Christophe but others might want to add something as well it's something that was mentioned in the World Economic Forum's approach and the elements the security of the system and the options the ability to choose everyone knows that not everybody is tech savvy not everybody wants to give their biometric data to an operator that they don't necessarily trust so there's the issue of trust and to achieve trust you need to information and the ability to assess the information and that's not easy when you have such complex sophisticated technology and we have seen in the data breaches and information theft that personal data or a goldmine for operators and social media so how can we build trust in operators systems and the technologies so that the general public will turn to these systems and participate in the development of this kind of facilitation yeah thank you very much for for this question this touches the important areas of privacy of indeed of confidence of travelers that cross borders if I can just make a record on the presentation on the known traveler digital identity so the I think the one of the differentiating factors is that this system which is a scalable system has been designed with right with a traveler in the center and with privacy by design and we think is if this wasn't the case sooner or later I mean it would hit roadblocks down the road in consumer in customer acceptance and it is basically the logic is you would you can it doesn't work with a centralized database but it basically works the design is decentralized blockchain based and you would as a traveler only as an individual only gives so those informations that are really needed for your for your trouble so you basically if you it's busy at the end of the day it's an app and you would make can make choices along the your traveler which information you are willing to give obviously I mean for border crossing for security I mean absurd information are necessary are demanded so if you're not willing to give them then you don't travel you know so but but basically it's it's the the logic is you release information which is stored to third parties on your by your byte by choice and I think a second a second important one is obviously these systems need to be have a value need to be usable and the other design criteria is scalability so we think that for the seamless travel journey systems as have been you know suggested by WTC and by by a yachtie etc so you need you know it won't be feasible if basically at an airport if you go for each destination you have a different basically a different software a different system to to an incentive also it won't be feasible for airport so you need to have scalability and then it consumer acceptance comes with it because you know it's not just one Global Entry Program but you could potentially use that type of thing for going from from any destination to a destination yes thank you very much good stuff I have a question for Ruth from Stephen grant and I could probably answer myself but mr. Stephen grant what is the division of responsibilities between UN seated and UN Oct thank you very much for that question so both UN Oct and seated are based in New York but our mandate is different so you know city gets its mandate from the General Assembly and city gets its mandate from the Security Council so in the program that I just described the role of un o city is we are the ones who lead the program implementation so we are the ones responsible for the coordination and also resource mobilization but see that is a very key partner because they are the ones who inform which countries receive assistance through this program so as I had said earlier seated is mandated by the Security Council to assess how well member states are implementing Security Council resolutions that pertain to counterterrorism so in the context of API and PN are seated will undertake an assessment and identify the needs and the gaps that a Member State and then identify the best technical assistance capacity-building entities that can be able to provide the support and then it is on that basis that we as the UN provide the assistance that is required I hope that thank you very much what question to the implementing entities OSE and IOM when we talk about innovation we are talking about new technologies very sophisticated things but on on the ground how does it work with all these new text when you are on the border in the middle of the desert without correct power supply without internet or network how can all this be implemented in the field great question and I think as you heard yesterday when my director was speaking there is a huge gap a huge divide that were trying to bridge here and last year actually and when I gave a presentation I was speaking about the importance of capacity building and I included a picture actually have a border crossing point that I had recently visited in Central Asia and that border crossing point had no passport readers no power and obviously no electricity that either but the country did have an e passport so you wonder what what's the benefit of an e passport to someone traveling true that particular board and crossing point so how do we deal with it at least to focus that we have been doing when it comes to API prr is focused primarily on aviation um and trying to get the airport systems up and running and when it comes to then passport security again it deals with more more of their their overall passport security and identity management systems but yeah it's definitely a massive issue and I think iom are more on the ground dealing with some of the more difficult issues and in terms of border crossing points and implementing their their Midas system so perhaps Florian you can take over things yeah I think it's really a challenge how to work in many countries and we don't only talk about air borders but there's mainly also land borders so when you first a call is also in a to to the private sector we have a lot of industry representatives present in Montreal as well now today to really think about also innovation in this field know what what what kind of innovation not only think about the high-tech innovations for Japan Europe Korea or North America but also what are very practical innovations that could work in a specific challenging setting and I think there's there poppy also many more technical innovations available and we would be very interesting in try to hear about this and I think tack is also interested to you more or learn more about thinking and the developments in this field I mean what we then do is I give you the example of Nigeria where we have big programs working on mobile border posts when it comes to the northern border with with Libya there's particular challenges across migrants get lost in the desert we don't know how many migrants died in the desert but you know you can surely assume that when people die in the Mediterranean Sea many also die in the desert so that's a real human tragedy one has to work on that and there the role of border guard is as well to rescue people who otherwise would die but also to bring in a certain order and to make sure that people legally exist and I think you know those are their emotions we are trying to work on with mobile posts on a truck with registration solutions which operate fairly independently and which can then also be put to the place where there's the most lead in the specific situation so I think those are some of the elements otherwise having systems in place that are resilient robust you cannot have inter connect you cannot have connectivity all the time but that doesn't mean that you cannot have maybe an update with your with your USB stick or with a cd-rom every week which is better than having nothing then those are solutions we then have to work on and then but I think the more technical innovations in this field that we see that now satellite communication is getting cheaper it's much more affordable getting more affordable so those are also solutions linked to that that could work well and but let us remember that this is really where a lot of the needs are today when we open the media this is what media articles or the TV talks about and solutions have to be found in that field so we're working on this but we also look to the private sector to other partner organizations to come with solutions what could be done in that field Yesi thank you thank you to both of you for that clarification that reminds me that one of the flagship initiatives of ICAO is the no country Left Behind initiative and the standards and projects developed to here are for 193 member states so we have to be aware that innovation is necessary certainly but it has to apply to all of the member countries of ICAO in some way or another now I have some highly technical questions so I'm going to put them to my panelists a question for Simon but I don't know if he's the best place to answer in a regulatory issue in using blockchain in identity management system and can an identity management system work without a central database you're right that I'm not the person to answer that I think the the the misunderstanding often with blockchain technology is the the data the individual data are not on the blockchain so this is actually the but the blockchain works with a system of pointers so the identity the identity data stay in the in the repositories and I think that's that's probably got there's a there's a fear that block chains are the next kind of heckuva basically entity and of security and safety yeah so I think the easy answer without going to all kind of technical details is the data are not on the blockchain so it's basically a system of pointers that point stand to the right to the right place to find those yes it yes Thank You Christopher on the subject of block chains I'm not a specialist on this but I read that the registration or validation of data said on blockchain takes a lot of energy you have to use a voting system on a number of different servers and the more servers you have the more robust the system is but the more energy it consumes what can you tell us about that okay now I get in order blocking questions and I I don't pretend to be a deep blockchain expert I think I heard the same in the context of crip cryptocurrencies yeah so that basically you deploying the system of bitcoins basically because there's so much data mining does does cause a lot of basic energy consumption my cents this is I mean this this this I mean there's obviously a trade-off but there's a lot of innovation happening that the base is the use of of of blockchain which is a decentralized system and you know have a lot of transactions going back and forth on each entry on the blockchain gets less data less gets less energy-intensive here so I don't can't I don't have particular numbers there but I think the evidence on the ground is the blockchain is used for many things for traceability for basically we work as a World Economic Forum on the use of blockchain for example if you source batteries from countries and the question is where does the lithium cobalt etcetera come from and are the price at the the practices underneath in mining and metals are there are they basically transparent and in in line with human protection issues so this can can be used for many things it is being used for many things so it's actually an increasing amount of use cases on there a very very popular ones and it has a unique advantage and I think the the question of energy consumption of that is going to be to bigger to be solved increasingly merci merci beaucoup thank you very much I see that we're nearing the end of this part of the morning session but before we're leaving I have a more general question on the role of international organisations in particular ICAO in introducing the conditions for innovation to happen there are a lot of industries that are making very interesting presentations I think there are 53 different initiatives out there that's what was said yesterday on digitalization of travel documents there's the industry is really gathering pace and going fast and on the other hand there is a need for standardization so that it can all dovetail and work together and to make sure that the passenger doesn't have to wonder what system he they're registered in and how their smartphone is being used when they cross the border and getting to the hotel so all of this is supposed to make us safer more secure its intended to facilitate passenger throughput and make it all seamless how do you think ICAO and I'm asking all four of you and I'm gonna ask the next panel this too so they can get ready how do you what do you think I Carol is in on the one hand helping to drive these innovations and on the other hand to ensure the necessary standardization to make sure it all works keep us know see who wants to take the plunge model a lot yes sorry first we have to let Christophe go he really does have to get away and get to the airport for the inauguration so thank you very much for coming and participating and see you again very soon [Applause] that was a good way of getting out of answering that question Christophe well done so he asked two things one was about connecting with the countries and women about the private sector I guess the the existing working groups that that are set up I think are an excellent way of doing that whether it's the new technologies working group which brings together actors from the private sector academia or the different countries and as well as then the implementation and capacity-building working group and which of course looks at some of the needs of countries and how donors can provide those needs and builds up then these recommendations to the the tag and I think that perhaps these working groups can be further expanded maybe to try and involve more actors in it try and get more input from from other organizations other countries other private sector actors as well and the more input that you can get and you can feed that up to the tag and whether that's issues related to new technologies or or capacity-building I think that OKO is doing a good job bringing us all together and but these working groups and these working groups are certainly doing external work and and that can be expanded even further I agree with Simon that I think I care has a very big role to play in terms of bringing the different stakeholders together so like for example the ones I reflected in today's symposium but also through the working groups and there are the different forums and events that you convene and encourage how to bring this different innovations father yeah I also want to recommend the work of the working groups and also a member of the working groups I think it's important that also member states from Africa from Latin America consider participating I think it's open for everybody for every member state and it's very important to have your voice heard and to be active in there I think that will help a lot no and also make sure that the work goes into the direction which is which meets your needs so I think that's important another field is I just want to mention because we have you know the more standardized international travel documents and there we need Standardization global standardization otherwise they are not acceptable we see a lot of solutions now also on the national level sometimes on a bilateral level with order cards you know to facilitate cross border trade cross border exchange of border communities to facilitate that so I mean that's also a field where we have much less standardization where governments can work together or then also within their own territory alone where we have less need for Standardization where there's also room for innovation and but thirdly and last element you know what we had I am trying to do is we try to embrace the responsible use of biometrics the responsible use of new technology and not to say oh this is something only for the developed countries no that's something for every country in the world every country in the world has the right to use to try these new technologies tabria to be a fraud become a front-runner we see countries in Africa like Rwanda very innovative very much ahead of other countries and I think this is something we want to embrace the responsible use of new technologies and to create openness for that and to also show the development potential of those new technologies messy messy thank you to all three of you and also a Christoph who had to leave now I say let's stop here because now we'll have the coffee break and so I will give the floor to Denis the master of ceremonies it should be cool thank you very much sir van thank you to our panel for some particularly timely and pertinent presentations this morning very well done on the part of the four presenters and I'd like to thank the panel members for keeping to time I really like people who who respect the time allotted because it provided us time for a very stimulating question period so again thank you for that as well I think it's a good model for those listening for the rest of the symposium so thank you yes we will have the coffee break in just a few moments sponsored by canadian bank note company and again if any of you have questions about life streaming the app or any other question our team is down here to help you so don't hesitate to come and see us we'd be happy to help enjoy the coffee break mingle fifth floor this floor third floor we'll see you back at 11 thank you so much

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