The Education Sector (B2C) | I.O.T. Powering The Digital Economy



IOT powering the digital economy brought to you by Schneider Electric in this age of global transformation the importance of education can't be overstated it's the foundation of our achievements and of everything we aspire to as Benjamin Franklin once said an investment in knowledge pays the best interest change in education may have often gone hand in hand but over the past few years a rise in digital teaching methods has started to truly revolutionize the sector educational technology or EdTech is one of the fastest growing business sectors in the world today incorporating a dizzying array of learning platforms and online teaching tools by 2020 the EdTech industry as a whole is projected to be worth a cool 93 billion dollars digital innovations like cloud-based tuition are opening up new frontiers so what does the EdTech revolution really mean for a complex sector like education and how will all this new technology benefit teachers learners and businesses alike in this program we'll be looking at how the big players in the world of education are adapting in the digital arena and what about the new organization riding the surge in EdTech investment how are they using digital breakthroughs to increase their consumer reach and disrupt the market our laws will be meeting with an EdTech expert to find out about future developments and regulations in the sector the powerful pace of change in EdTech has led many educators and institutions to take the bull by the horn all over the world schools universities and colleges are racing to digitize their services with a global reputation in teaching and research the Imperial College Business School in London is a world leader in the field they're internationally recognized EdTech laboratory is a hotbed of digital innovation professor Francisco villosa is Dean at Imperial College Business School previously he was the Dean at católica Lisbon School of Business & Economics where he held the chair in innovation and entrepreneurship he firmly believes that uniting technology and business is the key to successful innovation Francisco how is Imperial College Business School embracing innovation and EdTech I think embracing is the right word because we when the technology started to appear really believed that it was going to be part of the future of business education and so we made a very significant investment in it for for over five years we've been investing in this working with it and trying to take it to the next level but what are the biggest challenges that have come with that EdTech rollout well there are multiple challenges and certainly there's the technological part itself because developing a platform that really allows you to engage with the students is difficult thing to do and so we've been investing a lot on that part the second challenge is is the behavioural one I mean professors are used to delivering the classes in a certain way with a certain touch they've done that some of them over you know decades and the third element is the students themselves again the students comfortable and realizing that this is not about taking out the human element or making it cheap or anything like that that this is really about a different learning environment the schools commitment to this new learning environment has led to the development of their world-famous EdTech lab an award-winning educational technology team led by founder and director dr. David l'affaire we've been running the EdTech lab here at Imperial College Business School since about 2005 and we do two things we build online courses a lot of them about 180 which we deliver to our students and to the general public and we do a lot of R&D into how to make education improved using technology and the driving philosophy is basically we think technology can enhance education in a very significant way all of our students have access to online courses and I think they initially approach it some trepidation you know they they perceive as perhaps they're being shortchanged or that they're getting access something which is somehow inferior but once they take the courses they become converted and they see the value in them are there any current developments that are having the greatest impact on the industry the major trend that's happening in higher education the one that's gonna have the greatest impact is the digitization of courses because step one is that education needs to be digitized if you're going to realize the advantages of technologies then that really needs to happen and that's really just starting now so that's the major trend and over the next four or five years we'll see an increasing amount of higher education be digitized and that brings with it all kinds of advantages the exciting new tech that everybody is talking about is ai ai and big data and these will certainly have a significant impact in a relatively short timeframe the power of big data is already been explored at Imperial College in their state-of-the-art data Observatory developed in partnership with KPMG it's a 64 screen data visualization studio and decision-making space as a teaching resource is having a big impact with academics and businesses alike gentlemen this is clearly ed taking action and David what exactly does this do so this is a space that helps us to explore data with students and bring them through a data a data driven journey of understanding the insights of our research how exactly do you use this to teach so what come on practice in business schools is actually to use business cases so what we did here is actually load a bunch of data about organizations and we just displayed it into a specific problem that it's a big problem right now how organizations are going to be affected by artificial technology so what we loaded here is a bunch of cases that we can now interactively dish students about how these new technologies are affecting their organization and we can see here actually different scenarios that are gonna change dynamically or actually zooming into different data about a different part of the organization mathematics science technology the arts in education all disciplines are vital to global progress but for economies to thrive in this digital age we need a workforce versed in computer science schools of today need to nurture our coders programmers and engineers of the future but digital resources don't come cheap and many institutions around the world struggle to provide their students with the equipment that they need to stay in the game I've come to Cambridge a famous and well-established seat of international learning where one organization is creating a landslide in EdTech by producing and distributing computers who are about the price of a cup of coffee Filip colleague and a CEO of Raspberry Pi foundation a uk-based charity dedicated to putting computing power into the hands of people all over the world Phillip was formerly chief executive of the innovative charity Nesta where he created the Innovation Lab which continues to deliver dozens of programs supporting digital innovation in public services healthcare and government raspberry pie computers start from as little as $5 so this is a Raspberry Pi computer ok and this is a top-of-the-range model that's a $35 computer you put the SD card in just here and that gives you your operating system and memory and then you can plug this into your TV that's HDMI you'll keyboard a mouse in here this one already has Wi-Fi and Bluetooth on board and then you plug in power and you're good to go and so this is the Raspberry Pi 0 W so this is one of our lower-cost devices this is $10 and I think in total we've sold about a million of these products global sales of Raspberry Pi computers have topped 17 million the original mission of Raspberry Pi was to create a device that would help young people learn how to program but what we've actually done is created a computer that's used in industry it's used by hobbyists and grownups but it's also used all over the world in education and you can do anything with it that you can do with any other computer so you can surf the internet you can send emails you can watch movies on YouTube but you can also create make things you can learn how to program you can build robots make weather stations the opportunities are limitless and I can imagine that this is having a big impact on education around the world yeah so one of one of the things we're trying to achieve is to remove price as a barrier to anybody having high-powered compute and that's transformational in education so what it means is that schools but also outside of schools like clubs and at home kids can get access to a computer that's theirs and how do you integrate your business into the corporate world especially given that your foundation so for the foundation around half of what we spend on our educational programs comes from our trading activity and about half comes from grants and donations and sponsorship from some of the biggest technology companies in the world and that's partly because their staff feels such a strong sense of connection to our community and they volunteer at our co clubs they take part in our coder dojos and so yeah we have a great relationship with the technology companies you mentioned a cold clubs can you tell us a little bit more about those yeah so we have two networks of afterschool and we can code includes a code club and coderdojo all together I think we've got something like 13,000 of those across the world now engaging something like two hundred thousand kids a week but they've created some of the most amazing projects with Raspberry Pi last year we had our big showcase over in Dublin and I met a young girl from Romania who had made a mind-controlled robot using a Raspberry Pi and there was this great moment when I put the sensor on my head and within 10 minutes I programmed it to go forwards backwards left and right and this is a young girl who attends a coda dojo at the local university 13 years old creating amazing things with technology just mind-blowing oh wow yeah super cool putting digital creativity into the hands of everyone has to be a good thing but the growth of ed tech can bring with it other concerns streams of data are essential for effective modern teaching much of it is sensitive and much of it concerns young and sometimes vulnerable learners after the break I'll be meeting an industry expert to find out how we can regulate this revolution in education new technologies are changing the way we think about learning in the 21st century and more and more educational bodies are taking up the challenge utilizing digital to transform the way they teach Bainbridge Island is a school district in Seattle that's fully embraced the technological revolution with a mission and vision to improve learning by providing technology to the 4,000 students in the district in partnership with the community the district provides digital classroom environments that allow their students to thrive in creative and relevant ways the ambition for EdTech and the Bainbridge Island School District it's really about our kids what we're doing is we're preparing our students for the future specifically in the areas of critical thinking collaborating across multiple platforms thinking creatively those are the things that are going to empower our students to be prepared for the future and not just live in the world but actually lead in the future as well EdTech is allowing students to approach topics on a personal level it gives students the ability to choose things that they're passionate about and it makes the learning much more engaging bringing about a sea change in digital education across an entire school district needs a reliable infrastructure especially in an area prone to power outages loss of power could also mean a loss of valuable data and a serious disruption to learning Bainbridge Island uses services by Schneider Electric to constantly monitor the 35 data closets in the area helping to insure an uninterrupted flow of information so if there's a power outage classrooms can continue to operate education is fundamentally changing traditional methods of teaching are being transformed by breakthroughs in digital technology as the use of ed tech in the education sector continues to grow so does the need to regulate the enormous flow of data involved I have come to university cut at London's knowledge lab where a team of academics are answering some of the biggest questions in education and technology professor roles luckin has been developing and writing about the learning Sciences at Tech and artificial intelligence for over 20 years she's also an international advisor on digital futures and the design and use of ed tech now it's always sensitive when you're making use of data especially date so that has to do with children or students where can international regulations help well that's a really interesting area and it's a very fast-moving area at the moment we handle it very very carefully every time in a university you collect data about somebody you go through an ethical procedure that's not necessarily the case in a commercial world now that's where these new regulations for EU but also for data that's going from the EU outside of the EU will make a difference because people will have to adhere to the regulations and therefore there will be greater security and privacy of data including children's data very importantly there's a new element to these regulations that is about people needing to understand what their data is being used for and having a right to an explanation a weird risk of turning education into a commodity yes I think we are at risk of turning education into a commodity and I think technology does play to that risk because sometimes we forget the learner who should be at the centre of what we're doing even if what we're talking about with the technology is a technology that's designed for teachers it's still the learner who is the person we want to benefit because we would really trying to achieve through whatever technology and human means when it comes to education is for people to understand more to learn the data security part at Imperial is is very important I mean not only we take data protection very seriously I mean we've had a strong internal effort to make sure that we are fully compliant with the data protection rules that are now coming on place and we think we are even ahead of that but we are making sure that that is the case at the Imperial we have an institute precisely for in a security that deals with a lot of these issues and and it's one of the what we call the global challenge is that Imperial has taken on that evolves all the faculties so that would be the business school you know the Faculty of engineering the Faculty of Natural Sciences and also the Medical School were very careful with the way that we manage the data for students are there any specific regulations that your company or your business has to satisfy well there's a whole set of regulations of course around product and being able to sell product all over the world that's something that our trading company thinks pretty hard about because we produce something that in many ways is a you know a standard product it's a computer and of course there's all sorts of regulations around the world about how you make sure those are up to standard and but we we comply with all of those how do you keep those standards especially given that you know your product is one that's used internationally so we work with some great partners and we work with our s and Farnell and we have a production partner in Sony and we we create raspberry pies we make raspberry pies in the Sony Factory in South Wales so we work with an incredibly strong network of partners who are all over those issues of course data and the safety of data is is a bigger issue in the sector what are your thoughts on that in regards to how data's being handled well so there's major challenges obviously around data and how that is being treated I think in education its enormous ly important that we educate kids about what's happening to their data we think that one of the reasons why you help young people learn about computers and how to make things with computers they said there are more informed citizen so that they know what companies are able to do with their data and they can take better choices and then of course for the foundation we have over 200,000 young people a week involved in our activities so we care a lot about safeguarding and making sure that every space that we have for young people is safe and protected managing data will always be high on the EdTech agenda but in a sector full of so many exciting opportunities and developments what else does the future hold after the break I'll be looking at the cutting edge of EdTech innovation and finding out about the teaching of tomorrow education is facing a rapidly rising tide of digital innovation educator startups and tech giants are war competing to devise new tools and platforms transforming the traditional learning landscape artificial intelligence may appear to be an attractive proposition but applying this cutting-edge technology to education isn't without its challenges as Professor Rose lucking of the UCL knowledge Lab knows only too well how do we get people to understand artificial intelligence a little better because AI is completely different from EdTech so in a way that needs its own training absolutely I think the conversation about what artificial intelligence can and can't do it's fundamentally important for all educators and what people need to understand in order to use that effectively is that machine learning is very good at crunching lots and lots of data and coming up with a decision either finding a specific sentence in a document or matching a photograph to an image but what machine learning is not currently able to do is to explain the decisions that it's making so educators need to know that we will develop systems that can do that there's a whole initiative in the u.s. around explainable artificial intelligence but at the moment that's an area where we're not so good teachers particularly need to know how valuable their social interaction skills are their emotional intelligence is because again that's something artificial intelligence can't do for Philip colligan of raspberry pie it's important that the children of today understand the tools that are driving their learning well so I think it's massively important as technology's advancing so quickly that were able to engage kids in learning about it and it is entirely possible for kids to learn about machine learning and artificial intelligence in a very rudimentary way when they're pretty young and what's important there is not only learning the technical skills but also that they're learning some of the ethical questions they're thrown up so one of our projects last year and we partnered with Google and to create a do-it-yourself Google home and we gave it away free on the cover of our magazine and what that meant was you could at home build a cardboard version Cobbold case with a Google home box that you built yourself with a Raspberry Pi now that's important because kids learn a whole lot of technical skills about api's and how voice natural voice processing works but also that they can start to think about the ethical questions about passive recording of what people are saying in the hope dr. David Lefevre of the EdTech lab is concerned about the balance between teachers and technology I mean the major constraint in higher education and I think perhaps education in general is the lack of teachers you may have huge demand for education and not enough people to teach what's what's in it what's required and so everybody's searching for ways in which teachers can be augmented you know technology enabled teachers to teach more students and AI is is one possible technology to solve this problem that sounds like a good solution but at the same time it also takes away jobs of teachers what about the social impact I think the problem we're facing is there is a lack of teachers and so I think we're a very long way from teachers losing their jobs and I think in in business schools at least we face another dilemma which is that if AI can teach a skill then it can probably do that skill as well and so this the skills go taught by AI are probably the ones that going to be outsourced to machines in future and they probably not the kind of skills we want to teach in business schools we want to prepare our students for success and in personal growth what about students and how they're taking this in you know the the use of artificial intelligence and how it can change the way they learn I mean the message coming from our students is very clear they want access to human teachers all of us see the value in being tutored and being mentored and we recently did a research project into this and we're looking at the next generation of students that's coming up they're very tech savvy they're used to working online but conversely what they really value is access to humans who can and mentor them coach them teach them life skills so I think there's a place for both and what we're really facing is what's the balance between machine but what about the schools and universities of the future how do the educators and innovators of today see the classrooms of tomorrow well that is a good question the school of the future I think one of the things that's gonna be true in the school of the future is that it will have more spaces where kids can create with technology there will be more project-based learning so kids might be pursuing a passion of theirs and building something maybe to solve a social problem and what they'll do is learn a whole load of skills like resilience and collaboration around that project but they'll also be learning deep technical skills I think that's going to be much more a part of the schools in the future in the University of the future I really see a big combination of digital and physical so that means that probably the way that the professors or the tutors work with the students is going to be different it's going to be more about coaching it's gonna be about directing their learning so that they say oh there's all these courses you can do even online here but have you thought about doing this one rather than the other one I think it fits better I think it's gonna be much more of a continuum from things that are gonna be fully physical like a lab a chemistry lab you can't put that digitally that will have to be done here to things that are fully digital the more progressive universities will make that transition we'll make that adaptation and if they're not I mean I I'm a professor of entrepreneurship and I think that if the universities don't do that I think new universities will appear and will do that and I think what we'll see is we'll see the merging of the physical and the virtual space this idea of blended learning so we'll have a more flexible approach to education you know students will choose whether they study online or whether they study face-to-face we'll see improved outcomes due to the use of technology such as AI leading to more personalized user journeys greater aspect of feedback so what we'll see is greater access to education education a more flexible way an educational thing much larger impact technology since the goal of education is to make us lifetime learners then EdTech holds the golden promise of faster more efficient learning and online accreditation with accessible teaching on every subject Under the Sun providing we can blend in the traditional safely manage our data and keep up with the flow of information then EdTech just might be our greatest ally on the journey through the digital domain IOT powering the digital economy brought to you by Schneider Electric

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