Social Cognitive Theory in Health Informatics



hello you don't today my name is Melvin sill I'm a doctoral student at 8282 University and the School of Health Science concentration health education so at this time I'm presenting a project for the presented for the partial fulfillment of the requirements of the theoretical foundations of learning course for a Tiesto University a brief overview so again my background is in health informatics and corporate healthcare fraud so ironic and makes you a little nervous with this presentation it's not as easy as it seems with that being said we're going to discuss a little bit about the social cognitive learning theory great theory I've used it and I can actually see it being used in several applications from my undergraduate and graduate experience and they're also from neighboring healthcare institutions a lot of hospitals that I have worked for a lot of hospitals that have managed has used this theory especially to cultivate or in a sense to assess a lot of their staff with critical thinking skills and creating a productive environment within the hospital that kind of minimize a lot of workplace conflict if you will so we're gonna kind of dive right into it ok historical evolution so social social cognitive learning theory most can actually dated back to 1931 it was a paper written by it would be hoped and Harold Chapman the papers arrived as animal drive and learning process in this one for the most part of the book there Rises that the animal action that the action that animal action is based on fulfilling needs whether for psychological needs so whatever is the NEADS eat what it may be but the it's almost instinctive it's a learned trait from the animal community in regards to this one second another there is some Albert bandura Canadian ironically just like myself he actually took the theory in 1961 in 1963 and he actually spotted upon it what he did was they called it the Bobo doll experiments so I actually had to do a lot of research on this one kind of confuse me a little bit because the first thing I think of of course as a doll that's being used in my past career I was also a compliance officer which means I had to do a lot of sexual abuse cases ironically 324 sexual abuse cases a week and with that being said one thing I realized they tend to burn out this doll and had the kids to identify where on the DA they was violated if you will so another thing about this concept of Bobo doll and think okay what is this doll used for it so after much research come to find out they actually use the Dom experimental case so they would have a lot of younger children sit around watch the they say adults or a lot of the other scientists or maybe they would kind of do something sit it out and of course nothing I don't wanna say all the ordinary but nothing that would in a sense get them to be arrested but of course so they would actually do certain actions to the doubt some was a little volatile to me punched a doll or they may you know move the dog arms a little bit or in a sense looking at some of the reports here they actually tried to inflict a lot of components onto the dolls so this way assimilates a reaction and in action between the doll itself and also the and also bills that rearmed that the model wit or make sure it resonates with the children so this way they can actually see it so as opposed to being in a traditional environment I was on the real world now in this contain environment and they're actually watching ass again dr. bandura actually goes through and experiments on the doubt so they want to ensure that the kids can actually imitate if you will imitate the actions on the Dow okay so it's pretty much back to an observational learning so of course it's all back to observational learning the children's they actually or they the experiment revolved around watching the behavior of the children for the most part they watched on whether or not the behavior of getting rewarded punished whatever maybe but they watched it based on the experiences of dr. bender and of course their interactions with him his staff with the actual dolls so of course again if they inflict pain on the doll they watch the reaction the kids watch their reaction and then since imitate the reaction so pretty much building that environment that teaches them okay this is what happens this is the punishment of it so forth the Sloan in a controlled environment some say that between these two experiments that it actually dictates the earlier versions of the social cognitive theory after further an extensive even more research I can say that again as I said before I can see it in many different aspects I can see it in the evenness slave-trade for example back in 1712 wooden lynch actually wrote his letters of making a slave and in it he actually denounced and describes how breaking a slave in a sense as the same component as breaking a wild horse and he goes on to passages and passages in chapters or chapters to explain the process of how you can use those same characteristics to build in the offspring certain behaviors is the same thing actually doing the slave very interesting very interesting book so again to say that this is the first modern version I can definitely agree with Albert bandura and then of course would ever be whole and Harold Chapman of course this is the most modern version of the social cognitive theory in in work okay so key elements of this components automation unravels ramble so if I do let me know the key elements the components are social cognitive theories an important factor in child and education development retina identifies the following four components that create the foundation for social cognitive theory ok so let's take a look these are components if you will so the first component self observation self observation observing oneself can inform and motivate hmm self observation there are two important factors regards to self observation regularity the proximity of course well here in the article regularity means the behavior should be continually observed whereas proximity means the behavior should be reserved while it incurs or one occurs or shortly after so regards to self observation is in a sense along in the child or allowing the learner to identify in a sense expected outcome or once expected outcomes which is particularly very interesting regards to this theory the second component of course is self evaluation comparing one's current performance with the desire performance or go self evaluation is affected by the standard set and importance of the goals so this is another point component so again regards to self evaluation it allows the learner to see okay whatever is everybody else doing you know how they doing certain things in a sense analyzing how to say this or evaluating how their actions or the actions of individual observing compares to your actions and your behaviors in a sense second actually third we have these self reaction self reaction reactions to once can be motivating if progress is deemed acceptable so for example I just say this self reaction a negative self-evaluation may also be motivating that one may desire to work harder providing that they consider the NGO as valuable so against self reaction we have this attainable valuable goal then of course is it either gonna make us work harder or in the sense to achieve that goal but it also dictates the value of their goal is that go truly valuable so another thing about this I think back to I said ok ironically I'll take back my undergraduate days most of you guys can see this when the ball hit but during my freshman and sophomore year I Arana CLE had a jheri curl so just imagine me right now this huge jheri curl all over actually had earrings um during my freshman sophomore year in college and then of course I fell in love with my future wife at the time one thing I I kind of picked up on in regards to self reaction is understanding that a lot of the guys to actually try to I guess call her in the beginning the one so I was probably even threatened by myself even though I would never tell her this I noticed a certain trend especially the guys that she like you know very clean-cut very articulate gentleman so the first thing i did was i identified this this goal in a sense being able to court this lady would assess my future wife and identify the goal as being valuable so what i did the first thing i did was as you can see it's got the jheri curl second thing i did Toastmasters i became a member of Toastmasters just so I can have that social etiquette because the goal to me was valuable enough to make certain changes okay the fourth component of social cognitive theory self-efficacy once belief in the likelihood of goal completion can be motivating in itself the idea has received the most attention from scholars and researchers and thus the primary topic so in regards to his idea the saying that the goal or the likelihood of gold completion is motivating itself so the ability of know that you can create our complete this goal also gives additional motivation so again it all goes back into social cognitive theory and in a sense shaping the behaviors by watching the behaviors of others you know how are they punished how are they are reprimand how are they rewarded for the actions so of course if I know these actions are punished in a example given my own life back in college or a girlfriend at the time notice that the actions are punished which means that you know she denied those guys for courtship because the actions will not the par but since of course but I mean jheri-curl my actions was a little bit more to her liking if you will don't know if that makes sense but for the most part I love real-world concepts I love real-world ideas okay so strengths and weaknesses of social cognitive theory first off I love this image here are the two guys the strands are so happy and of course your weaknesses but you know keep in mind that those weaknesses can become strands or those witnesses can be transferring opportunities to become strength either or okay some of the stress with social cognitive theory first of bill designed a soul you know for example take my upbringing I have seven siblings seven brothers and sisters and one of my biggest issues was with so many people if yous lasted a dinner table whatever maybe you didn't have the best cut of meat or the best scoop of vegetables whatever maybe so in regards to those behaviors I was always assured that I was the first person here but by a short I was the first person there what would happen my mother would dig – hey guess what you got to help cook or now why we help the assistant her cooking you have to clean up why you doing so so in a sense she instilled those desire behaviors within application of real-world examples similar we're doing right now the strengths of this program again is the ability to connect real-world examples to help shape perception for desired outcomes understanding of people as social norms this is one of the have to say that the greatest benefit of this program even within myself as the ability it's and I only understand why people do what they do but understand the reasoning behind that or what factors that promote it people to do this or an action it can go back to any possible social norm or you know any possible social outcasts such as any undesired behaviors in certain neighborhoods and what I mean about that for example I was speaking regards to the african-american community one thing I've noticed that certain attributes that are taboos certain concepts of less a teenage pregnancies whatever may be dignified or in a sense create certain social norms and it also creates outcasts which means interfere with the individual who partake or indulge yourself in the concepts that was not part of the social norms to ensure that you kept that same behavior it was viewed as as part of their social model for the most part you kept it to yourself interesting ability to make changes based on one's self perception again I take this back to my original example of with my wife noticing certain changes that the rest of the world was throwing that I was not doing to help me see okay I need to make this change in order to get to that goal you know another example especially back with the hair one of the components was of course courtship was most possible of course as I was approaching junior and senior year in college but I think I realized the individuals who did get the great jobs individuals who did get the the fancy cars after college if you will they had a certain image they had this image again articulate they had an image of you know even with the Wardrobe you know very nice three-piece suit whatever maybe so of course it allowed me to make the changes within myself to get to that desired goal because this is Marco the end of the day my motto is what I'll pledge allegiance to the mortgage so whatever I have to do to make sure I'm as successful as I have to be monetary and also personal you know you have to do I'm willing to make those changes and sacrifices that's not least considers cognitive process and easily understood format with social cognitive theory one thing I like about it of course it breaks it down to the point where it's understandable it's easily digestible if you will anyone for the most part from a high school teenager or somebody a regular Joe if you will they can actually understand based on the methodologies of the social cognitive theory again why people do what they do why certain cultures or ethnicities do what they do and also shaping the outcomes of the behaviors whether the social media whatever may be the format is so easy a lot of times they use social cognitive theory especially in things like marketing or you know advertisement they use these theories or regards to those strategies weaknesses of course I love the picture here as well between the two individuals of course its strengths and weaknesses on the other half so long story short social cognitive theory falls short in regards to identifying certain behavioral differences like for example jealousy anger you know unexplained emotional responses it's it's unable to understand or to identify you know in a sense those characteristics in shaping behavior so for example if you have this huge classroom of students and everybody is you know of course instead of Charlotte answered you able to actually identify the Hague is what let's raise our hand and of course whoever raised a hand or is called upon to of course provide the correct answer so now you're starting getting that behavior shaped of hate but raised my hand I can actually speak if I don't for the most part we're actually be reprimanded let's say we take this one particular student in the back may not get the best grades like anyone else may have somebody who's always called upon you know they're always raising the hand though it's gonna right answer so now I may induce jealousy so now in a sense as opposed to conforming to the rest of the classroom now they're going against the grain they're displaying behaviors that are outside of the norm for that particular classroom so now when everyone else is raising their hand in excitement as to this particular question they're not you know they're being disruptive they are an assist disrupting other students are stopping them on the process this is one thing that the social cognitive theory has limitations with is being able to understand those unexplained emotional responses motivation and conflict reward can reduce an already established behavior which you can so for example motivation that conflict this is another weakness of social cognitive theory if somebody's being rewarded and they're constantly being rewarded for something that they already do it's not a really new really a new learned behavior if you look at something they already do so now if I'm that individual from that learner and I'm being rewarded for something I'm already doing for the most part I may have the tendency to kind of push back a little bit or maybe not do what I used to do in order to get that same reward because now it's placing the value on the war because again it's something I already do which means there is no change in behavior so in a sense as opposed to improving on that behavior it can actually diminish it another concept of our I guess a weakness of social cognitive theory again if there is broad is extremely broad so sometimes it doesn't take an effect small instances you know smaller social norms let's say in certain groups against smaller social norms within certain subgroups of certain ethnicities this it's a broad theory which means it may not be able to grasp everyone and unfortunately there's definitely some of the weaknesses of it okay application to education so on my favorites right here application to education building learning environments that promotes energy and positive behavior this I have to say is one of the most important things in regards to education for this theory a social cognitive theory helps shapes positive behaviors so which means to be educational environment to truly ensure that every student learns to truly ensure that you know everyone is on the same page you know you have to build a learning environment and I have a positive learning environment for the most part everybody has to be on the same page for so he's ever has begun in the same direction this is where social cognitive theory comes in hand even back to the previous example make sure all the students you know raise their hand when a particular question is out there just to have the order within a classroom another part of synergy may be good collaboration so of course that this person says something that this person may totally disagree with that in a true learning environment they can build off each other and as opposed to rejecting this idea or rejecting this notion it may cause the learner to say okay well maybe look at it from their point of view I may not agree with it but I can still understand where they're coming from so again social cognitive theory through its uses of methodologies can ultimately shape the positive behavior but in educational system it can actually shape and build a true learning environment true synergy so that can enhance the moral development this is a great tool for social cognitive learning is enhancing moral development through models through when I say models I'm thinking about the teachers and one of their nature through those models it helps say okay shape what is wrong in what is right now of course it's still based on perception but it's based on a perception with the experiences based on the model which means of course if we have this great model of this instructor they come to class and the students can relate to this particular instructor so now as the instructors do certain things or certain mannerisms the students have the ability to pick up on as well so now let's say even if one student doesn't particularly even careful instructor but he sees some of the students in the classroom that I don't say idolize but I want to say students may look up to you know that student leader may have a class so now they're falling into the same thing of moral development you know doing the right thing self-regulation this is a great component in social cognitive theory regards to the education system self regulation improved study habits through social cognitive learning again keep in mind that learner whether if the learning your head right now that you're imagining it's that high school kid or or that one kid that you may have your cool and nephew or your niece who just plays video games all day whatever may be but in regards to this theory if they're watching and if they're looking and they're analyzing okay this kid in the classroom has the grades this kid over here for the most part has a great relationship with the instructor and it since I not that so it goes back to self-regulation what do I need to do to achieve that because now I've identified that goal as being something valuable what do I need to do maybe improve my study habits I'll see this a lot especially in certain competitive selection programs in college like certain health science program nursing physician assistant health information management I've seen a lot of how science program from our perspective or my perception is that you know once through this come especially they do have those clinical high school study habits once they see the leaders in the classroom are progressing once they see that those individuals are and it says doing and and achieving those grades and of course unfortunate certainly health science programs especially they have competitive selection grades as a big deal without the proper grades you can actually flunk out of the program and as opposed to having this great career in a hospital we're working at Walmart alright and of course no offense to anyone works at Walmart at the end of the day again allegedly just in the mortgagor pledge allegiance to the rent right ok so our fourth concept creating curriculum that stimulate critical thinking skills so thing back to those house science programs when you're thinking about this the component of social cognitive theory thing about the four components we discussed earlier the self observation the self evaluation the self reaction to self efficacy efficacy my chakra knows that correctly but the most when we're thinking about those concepts we can use those concepts to create curriculum that's based on social norms that can actually be targeted to certain ethnicities or to a certain group of students from a certain socio-economic status so which means that social cognitive learning there is more than just okay this is why people do what they do but hey guess what this is why people do what they do but based on these certain attributes how can i argot that curriculum those learning objectives those student outcomes – learning outcomes to fit and ensure that they will understand the concepts enough to apply it and in assists to create more critical thinking skills where students can't think outside the box where they can focus on the the the column say big ideas just yet but let's say the big ideas of the lesson plan as opposed to the individual minded fractions of it social cognitive theory in teaching okay so I'm thinking back right now how can I improve my teaching with social cognitive theory first off maybe go back to Toastmasters again because I can definitely feel myself a little bit but you know I enjoyed this program I enjoy what I do so I'm thinking about Bill curriculum based on culture and motivation that's one as I slightly discuss before build the curriculum where it fits the student cuz unfortunately that that one curriculum fits all or that one project that saw sometimes is not it's not doable it's not doable especially considering the group of population that you are serving if you're serving individuals in a sense and I hate to be stereotypical but if you're serving individuals from from a very low socioeconomic status with minimal resources in their school as opposed to a school with more resources or this relish magnet school if you will it has to be different I can't use this idea for this student so in regards to this theory in regards to improving teaching again goes back to shaping the curriculum to fit the learners shaping the projects based on their social needs and the social norms so they can better understand what's going on and in a sense it will ultimately turn them from from learners to thinkers second create open-ended questions during classroom discussion that focus on the big ideas of the lesson plan that's another great officer so as well a brain is to teaching creating those questions that can lead to other questions that would make students again really think that way ensure they really think so as opposed to having a yes or no question okay little Billy what do you think about is the president doing a great job oh no or yes whatever may be okay but asking those open-ended questions what can a president do to do a better job what can I do as a doctor to do a better job asking those open-ended question but of course these questions will be topical to the Simon at hand but it would be enough where the students can understand and they can grasp and it can take this concept think about their personal experiences whether it is family life whether their social media whatever may be wherever they pick up at and they can they can you know relate it and it makes sense it really makes sense so even though social cognitive theory again is not promoted and a lot of school systems I'm thinking that it should be anytime could take a real-world concept and you can take a theoretical concept take somebody's personal experience helps shape their behavior and ensure whatever they doing make sense Toula making sure that it's applicable oh that's that's arm that's something else that's a true essence of a teacher so true essence of a teacher I don't know next model steps to prepare for career and certification exams so what I'm thinking of when I say this I'm thinking of okay let's say from teaching a particular class well let's take my background for example health informatics as I say before I'm IT geek so probably not some of the great like some of my students great presenters but MIT key I'm the guy behind the computer creating EHRs or electronic health records so forth or so on so I'm thinking of model steps to prepare for career and certification exams one thing I've noticed in managing what the past 10 years so are a few different hospitals one thing I've managed especially we had new grads they were unable to adapt to a corporate environment they came to the job with some of the same excuses that I could probably see them come with to their instructor with in undergraduate education that's an issue because at the end of the day one thing I've realized working in in in this environment he is your and I hate to say this a lot of times you're only as good as your last month I could remember a particular job and I was working on corporate health care fraud cases for Medicare Medicaid one particular month my team I managed a team of thirty fraud investigators we was doing well who's doing extremely well we was down like maybe twenty to maybe twenty three million just called fraud everywhere possible nobody can steal from the system the next model I think I want to I think my task was to keep fraud for my jurisdiction under five million I want to say maybe the first three days of that month we was maybe at about nine or ten million so one thing I realized is one month my boss loves me they must to give me and my staff you know hey there's tickets to the game or here's this day off just or here's an extra bonus was of course all of the money here's an extra bonus oh also great but then that next month I'm practically about to lose my job so when I think about that concept of you're only good as your last month I'm thinking as educators especially collegiate educators it's important to help the students basically through social cognitive theory you know making those behaviors where they could train his phone to students now for students to thinkers or from thinkers to professionals so this way they won't send the email to the CIO especially literally somebody actually did this uh-huh said the email to the EO and CIO say oh this budget is is funny period period laugh Allah lol exclamation point exclamation point exclamation point that's something that a CIO does not want to see in an email and that's not good so insure that with these steps through the instructor displaying the true essence of a professional that the students can follow suit ultimately transfer them again for students to thinkers to professionals so references are definitely stated to definitely wrap up I'm gonna say again I really appreciate you guys taking the time to review this presentation you could have been anywhere in the world but you're here with me I appreciate it and with that being said just thinking about the different waves of social concept there again is it's more than just education I don't want to sound so cliche but in a sense it is a way of life if this is a tool that again marketers and advertising agencies can use if this is a tool that education specialists and curriculum developers can use that I'm thinking this could be something that we can use in everyday life and in a sense ensuring that you know not only our positive behavior is created but maybe it's shown that everybody kind of understands what the others are doing what I mean by that is maybe it was something that came across religions may be something that can cross social economic statuses so this way we don't sit on the news and say oh this person robbed someone for you know whatever some jury know but we could really understand the motive behind it I don't know I think if we can do that then I say watch out world it's going to be a it's going to be a revelation and for that I thank you and I definitely hope you enjoy your day again my name is Melvin seal again this has been a presentation from the dr. the health science program it's Easter University best school in the world take care and I hope you enjoy your day

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