Small Particles, Big Science: The International LBNF/DUNE Project


[music] This is Fermilab, a Department of Energy national
laboratory near Chicago. It’s the starting place for the Deep Underground
Neutrino Experiment, DUNE, powered by the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility, LBNF. The experiment begins with Fermilab’s accelerator
complex, which moves protons close to the speed of light. It’s all part of an effort by more than a
thousand scientists from around the world to figure out how tiny particles called neutrinos
work, and what role they play in the evolution of
our universe. Neutrinos are the most abundant matter particles
in the cosmos, but very hard to catch. Trillions stream through you every second
without leaving a trace. At LBNF, the beam of protons will smash into
a target, creating the most intense beam of neutrinos
in the world. Scientists will collect data to measure properties
of neutrinos close to the source and again far away. Neutrinos change as they travel, so scientists are sending them straight through 1300 kilometers
of rock toward the DUNE detectors
at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota. The detectors can also look for the birth
of neutron stars and black holes by catching neutrinos from exploding stars. The 1.5 kilometer deep detectors will be filled
with 70,000 tons of liquid argon, making them the largest neutrino detectors
in the world. As neutrinos interact with the cold liquid,
they create a shower of other particles and light. Those particle tracks are then picked up by
electronics and transmitted as data to the surface. The information will be analyzed by scientists
at collaborating institutions in countries around the world. They’ll use this data to solve unanswered
questions about neutrinos and maybe even figure out why matter exists – things like planets,
stars, and even you. [music]

61 Comments

  1. Dangis Congrataway said:

    Very well done video

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  2. Antonio Mendoza said:

    ๐Ÿ˜ฎ

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  3. Andre Korkush said:

    First ๐Ÿ™‚

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  4. Prime Cut said:

    The animations are looking better and better with each new video. Keep up the great work fellas

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  5. Camilo Pineda said:

    Cool science. Why not beam them to the Minnesota mine?

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  6. Mark G said:

    Hey, nice soundtrack.Whoever picked the music for this particular video…………good work!

    Oh and if you have any spare neutrinos lying around, could you send them to me. I live in Chicago so the postage will be cheap.

    Keep making these kinds of videos, you guys do such interesting stuff.

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  7. Danny Vlendrรฉ said:

    Cool!

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  8. IonianGarden said:

    Great!

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  9. NeonsStyle said:

    So if you detected a sudden burst of neutrinos from say a supernova or black hole. What would that tell you about it? I know how they are created. So I'm curious what you'd learn from them.

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  10. guardyangel said:

    This video is amazingly done. Thank you!

    March 29, 2016
    Reply
  11. Brenden Carr said:

    2 dislikes?

    March 30, 2016
    Reply
  12. SmarterEveryDay said:

    I'm sorry.. I could have sworn I heard you say "70,000 TONS of liquid Argon".

    March 31, 2016
    Reply
  13. Samuel Robbins said:

    stupendous video!

    March 31, 2016
    Reply
  14. Liked gaming said:

    Woooot

    March 31, 2016
    Reply
  15. Player Review said:

    Always cool when the [global] scientific community collaborates to answer questions and evolve our species, instead of knowledge hoarding and monetizing.

    March 31, 2016
    Reply
  16. lopendepaddo said:

    Awesome!

    April 1, 2016
    Reply
  17. Great Rhombicosidodecahedron said:

    That looks pretty expensive

    April 3, 2016
    Reply
  18. Don Moulton said:

    well done

    April 6, 2016
    Reply
  19. killgo said:

    Somebody, call the Catholics, scientists going to boom the Earth)))

    April 6, 2016
    Reply
  20. Aaron Ruple said:

    That is awesome, is there a timeframe?

    April 10, 2016
    Reply
  21. David Craig said:

    Could you build a small superhot plasma 'pond' for sanitation trucks to dump their refuse into to disintegrate it, thereby sparing future generations of pollution?

    April 18, 2016
    Reply
  22. Random Tutorials said:

    So similar to what is already in Europe?

    May 18, 2016
    Reply
  23. MetraMan09 said:

    why do i exist?

    "cuz nutrinos" -sceince

    May 18, 2016
    Reply
  24. intellectable said:

    Data!
    1
    1
    1
    1

    0
    1
    1
    0

    1
    0
    1
    1

    โ”€โ–„โ–ˆโ–ˆโ–ˆโ–ˆโ–„โ–„โ–‘
    โ–„โ–€โ–ˆโ–€โ–โ””โ”€โ”โ–‘โ–‘
    โ–ˆโ–„โ–โ–Œโ–„โ–ˆโ–„โ”˜โ–ˆโ–ˆ
    โ””โ–„โ–„โ–„โ–„โ–„โ”˜โ–ˆโ–ˆโ–ˆ
    โ–ˆโ–ˆโ–’โ–ˆโ–’โ–ˆโ–ˆโ–ˆโ–€

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  25. blitzv10 said:

    why are they wasting billions of my tax dollars on junk like this when we could be building a giant wall around china

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  26. any name said:

    Stay in school bitches!

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  27. Katie Newmeyer said:

    My dad worked at fermilab for 40 years!

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  28. Spencer Prost said:

    I'm incredibly excited about the potential discoveries now made possible due to the LBNF/DUNE Project. Best of luck!

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  29. Mason Gold said:

    Awesome! I've been wondering why I exist.

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  30. X said:

    God, I love science.

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  31. IRClevor said:

    So they might find out why matter exists, but will they find out why existence matters?

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  32. Anton Invers said:

    it's great just dont open portal to hell

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  33. Sam De Wilde said:

    science, nice!

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  34. boy jenus neutronoid said:

    neutronoid experiment

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  35. qwertyuiop75w said:

    still not as big as CERN lol, try harder Americans XD

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  36. Oli 325 said:

    What a fantastic video. Brilliant way for someone with minimal physics knowledge to understand.

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  37. David P said:

    Cool, good luck to all those involved!

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  38. Galactro said:

    ooh yaaaaa

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  39. OverLordGoldDragon said:

    Potential applications include harnessing neutrinos for energy – so a universal cosmic well of power.

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  40. Harold Broflovski said:

    I remember my elementary school field trip to the fermi lab. i had so much fun! i've always wanted to work there ever since but then realized i had to be an american citizen. FML

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  41. Shahrukh Waheed said:

    If the US finishes this, this time around that'd be better than this video.

    May 19, 2016
    Reply
  42. Ozymandias said:

    waste of money. god has answered these questions

    May 20, 2016
    Reply
  43. David Southern said:

    It accelerates photons at the speed of light. So its a torch.

    Sounds like a massive waste of money.

    May 20, 2016
    Reply
  44. ใ‚ซใƒญ said:

    Doom!?!? oh, dune.

    May 23, 2016
    Reply
  45. dmontana49 said:

    Yes, 68,400 ton of Liquid Argon to be precise.

    May 24, 2016
    Reply
  46. Merriman Devonshire said:

    So… is that PIP-II that is shown at the 0:21 Mark? http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405601415005210

    November 16, 2016
    Reply
  47. davidgruty said:

    Why the detector is 1km below ground? Can't you point with a different angle so it is closer to the surface?

    December 12, 2016
    Reply
  48. Vicky Barton said:

    This is not a good thing to mess with. I just know it can't be good.

    March 2, 2017
    Reply
  49. Aces said:

    So basically dimension chasing. Ok.

    Be careful though. You may not like what you see or what happens afterwards ..

    April 20, 2017
    Reply
  50. Heron Leal said:

    what is the path below the surface? Do they suffer any sort of deviation when hit rocks, water and minerals?

    May 11, 2017
    Reply
  51. Stefan Antonelli said:

    what is ……. argon??? is it dangerous?

    June 7, 2017
    Reply
  52. Phil Sheridan said:

    I live across the street from Fermilab. This is a fascinating video, but there is so much more to it than what's happening underground – wild prairie, wetlands, buffalo herds, lakes, old farmsteads… just a beautiful place.

    June 29, 2017
    Reply
  53. Juan Carlos Mancipe Hoyos said:

    00

    July 23, 2017
    Reply
  54. Why Not 3? Work-Life Balance for Overachievers said:

    Liked the video!

    September 15, 2017
    Reply
  55. Jere616 said:

    Will the Dune project let us fold space with these neutrinos?

    October 18, 2017
    Reply
  56. Andershasgotitgoinon said:

    This adds radiation to our water table in Batavia, but that's ok, as long as the totally not corrupt US government says it will "not have a significant effect" on our health.

    January 21, 2018
    Reply
  57. Despeville said:

    Fantastic and much-needed project.

    February 21, 2018
    Reply
  58. Atilla Kiss said:

    Super exciting stuff!

    September 19, 2018
    Reply
  59. Michael Wise said:

    THE REALITY, the Dune experiment has to do with hoarding the worlds gold Supply, which is turned into the white powder gold, or monatomic gold, which is free energy, anti-gravity, and immortality. They have not figured out the immortality part completely that is what the experiments are all about. If you knew what spice from Dune was all about,,, then it all makes sense. If people only knew the truth. These experiments have many levels of disinformation. You have to charge the food of the Gods or monatomic gold, in an inert atmosphere which David Hudson and his tube furnace used with Argon gas which is an inert gas. Only then does the negative hydrogen or nitrogen ion dissipate into gas leaving single atoms of gold, which is supercharged or superphazed to high Consciousness matter or fifth state of matter. Study the secrets I have provided and you will find the truth.

    October 5, 2018
    Reply
  60. Jirnyak said:

    And even you

    April 21, 2019
    Reply
  61. Matty M said:

    if they "SCREAM" through you every second I should think they would be easy to notice, and really annoying.

    August 22, 2019
    Reply

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