Scientists Just Looked Inside a ‘Quantum Matter Fireball’, This Is What They Found


It’s getting hot in HADES… hot enough to create and analyze a fireball of quantum matter. And by HADES, I of course mean the High Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer. This research facility doesn’t just have a super cool name, the science it does is out of this world, too. HADES is an internationally collaborative piece of equipment located in Germany, used by scientists all over the world to study matter as it might exist in some of the most intense events in the cosmos, like the merging of neutron stars. But…how? Well, many other colliders around the world smash atoms of different elements together at nearly the speed of light. These kinds of experiments can let us take a closer look at the component parts of atoms, including their quarks. And quarks are the elementary particles inside protons and neutrons. Extremely dense states of matter made up of free quarks and gluons are called quantum chromodynamics matter, which is matter governed by a theory called, appropriately, quantum chromodynamics, or QCD. Scientists sometimes just call these states ‘quark matter’, though, kinda like dark matter, which I think is really hilarious, and physicists think QCD matter, specifically quark-gluon plasma, is what the universe was made of right after the big bang, so states of matter like this require some pretty extreme conditions to exist. See, we know that quarks are held together by the strong nuclear force, also known as just ‘the strong force’, and QCD is the theory that describes how the strong force works on these fundamental particles. But the theory is so complicated that we can’t actually use the math to predict how this matter will behave at extreme temperatures and densities. As you can imagine, the behavior of quarks in the quark matter has been pretty hard to even create in a collider, much less observe in any great detail. But HADES just got us one step closer. So the HADES team decided to leave the equations on the page and pursue some answers with a physical experiment instead. The team smashed gold atoms into a gold target at nearly the speed of light, creating a fireball of quark matter. After its initial creation, the fireball starts to shed particles called rho mesons, which are made of a quark and an antiquark. These rho mesons decay into ‘virtual’ photons (which is the coolest name ever), which then further decay into electron-positron pairs. By using HADES to measure the electron-positron pairs left at the end of the experiment, the researchers gained brand new understanding into the behavior of the quark matter fireball itself. Their measurements indicated that the quark matter fireball could reach temperatures of 800 billion degrees Celsius, so y’know. Pretty freakin’ hot. The material also reaches a density that’s pretty much what you would get if you crammed New York City into a sugar cube. At these extreme conditions, this kind of quark matter doesn’t break up into free-floating quarks, like in that other phase of exotic matter called quark-gluon plasma. Instead the quarks bunch up into clusters, forming grape-like bunches of six to nine quarks. This is the first experiment to measure what the behavior and state of quark matter would be in an interaction like a neutron star collision. And this is important because events like a neutron star collision are a place in the universe where there’s an imbalance of matter: it’s mostly matter and very little antimatter, and our calculations start to fall apart in scenarios like this. We don’t have the math, or previously, the experimental conditions to study it. But many questions still remain, and the HADES team is thinking about what’s next. They’re planning an experiment on a new facility starting in 2025, where they can study matter under even higher temperatures and densities. Experiments like this literally take the incredibly extreme conditions that are only found inside of stellar events and replicate them here on Earth. How cool is that?! And in doing so, we’re learning more not only about the way all that cool stuff out in our universe works, but we’re also probing deeper than ever before into the behavior of the most fundamental building blocks of reality. If you want more on particle physics discoveries, check out this video here. Make sure you subscribe to Seeker for all your particle smashing news, and if you have another breakthrough you want us to cover, let us know in the comments down below. Thanks so much for watching, and we’ll see you next time.

100 Comments

  1. Paladin 06 said:

    If this gizmo investigates "quantum matter" please tell us how it different from non-quantum matter.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  2. Erik 567 said:

    Very cool. I get how you collide particles together from all the machines out there but the way to detect these events is what I don't grasp well. Is there someone who has made a film and the details of these detectors?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  3. M87 said:

    Show us your titties.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  4. Lee James the one and only. said:

    I'll have a Hunsburger with a large side of science please…….

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  5. Author of Vinnarian Curse R.A. Pierce said:

    So why did Obama steal 10 trillion dollars? Where Biden & son only a few billion, and Gore who knows what he's taken billions and our planet.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  6. Yu Cheng Chow said:

    Just hope the experiments don't go out of control. Stay safe, scientists.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  7. Trip Ts said:

    why am I keep focusing on that zipper?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  8. Spaghetti Monster said:

    What does "We just dont have the math" mean? I thought we had the math for everything except infinity and the double slit experiment? What about A.I.?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  9. tracey adkins said:

    Wow. The coolest thing I never heard about. Be googling HADES

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  10. strange said:

    I love her ♥️ even though i dont understand what she says .. iam bad at science

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  11. PRIZM CMYK said:

    This might cause vacuum decay

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  12. Justin Carnes said:

    Last time I came this early my gf broke up with me

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  13. Mariano Alippi said:

    Put some beutiful electronic suave music in your videos see this nice music at the at the beginnig and the end of this video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dT9jpAPz1M&list=PLYfCBK8IplO6v0QjCj-TSrFUXnRV0WxfE&index=3

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  14. JF Fish said:

    I Swear guys the Earth is Round! For Real! Just Trust me on this one.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  15. Mariano Alippi said:

    Maren insipre to be in a brainstorm state, she could be the next Steve Jobs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Udi0rk3jZYM&t=52s

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  16. Mariano Alippi said:

    Seeker and Nasa should develop this in a more profetional platform https://www.awwwards.com/30-experimental-webgl-websites.html

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  17. Mariano Alippi said:

    Women in business, taking the control y los hombres fuera de borda al agua, como verdaderos hombres https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j2peyqGHhzA

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  18. Fume said:

    You will never have the math for it. We're just wanderers on Earth.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  19. Mariano Alippi said:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ixjMZeQE4mo

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  20. Helder Estevens said:

    Encryption ,quantum crhomodinamics,and encryption of black holes,hihi

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  21. Smarty said:

    Energy cannot be created or destroyed.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  22. Richard Samuel said:

    She’s a wifey material

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  23. fartzinwind said:

    Everybody wants to see me throw a fire ball. That's not right, not in real life.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  24. Ritam Chakraborty said:

    Loop quantum gravity vs the string theory?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  25. bipin badoni said:

    Are you taken? 😊🙏

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  26. worth03 said:

    How did the earth go extinct? A Quantum Physics Machine trying to figure out how it all started…

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  27. XY ZW said:

    You can’t hide the hips

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  28. Seeker said:

    Hi, thanks for watching! For more Elements, check out our playlist here: http://bit.ly/ElementsPlaylist and let us know what you'd like to see us cover next!

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  29. Ahmad Abu Alhummos said:

    (18:51) I did not call them to witness the creation of the heavens and the earth nor did I associate them in their own creation. *49 It is not for Me to make My supporters those who lead others astray.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  30. Noah Atwater said:

    Why do you use the big bang if it is not proven

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  31. Abdul Hanan said:

    Money being poured unto useless research. like humanity is ever gonna visit neutron star. World needs clean energy source i.e. nuclear fusion

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  32. Allwyn Robert said:

    A big Fat Frickin Like for Saying "Frick"®.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  33. The Musical Stylings of Brent Bunn said:

    And it's just that easy.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  34. Hemambara kumar said:

    Hey I have a doubt: why they have chosen some costly element like gold why not lead etc kind of heavy elements present in the elements table…..

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  35. Braxton Gary said:

    May the force be with you all

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  36. Eragon Shadeslayer said:

    Shes mad cute

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  37. RazorbackPT said:

    I appreciate the cool looking thumbnail being the very first shot of the video. Thanks.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  38. Placer Chaser said:

    I heard Gold✅✅✅

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  39. ĐȺɍꝁnɇss said:

    Reality doesn't exist

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  40. powerstuffup said:

    Ehh…

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  41. Asad Jarwar said:

    Evolution Of The Universe? The Fudge Are You Talking About?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  42. xaiga29 said:

    Everyone's all worried about climate change and these guys are working on the next big bang. I wonder which on will get us first?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  43. Egg1456 said:

    Id watch just about anything with Maren as the host, she is great.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  44. Lizard King said:

    Me reading: QUANTUM FIREBALLS.

    Me again: clicking on video.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  45. Chaz B said:

    🎵 It's getting hot in Hades…so take off all your Quarks! 🎵

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  46. rex miner said:

    BRUH I swear scientist are probably going to end the world like fortnite make a black hole

    PS I hate fortnite

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  47. Ruben de León said:

    All this talk remins me the adquisition rule number 74: Knowledge equals profit…

    Don't know why tough… 🤔

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  48. sirdeadlock said:

    The universe is watching. If it can happen here, it can happen anywhere.
    So be careful.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  49. Nut With 1000 Subscribers said:

    Quantum nut

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  50. glóbulo branco said:

    Can't these densities transform matter in a black hole?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  51. John Per said:

    Haiti?

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  52. Randy Savage said:

    I dont know man I just dont like her. 😕She doesnt stick.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  53. Moe H. said:

    All your videos are just click baits and time-wasting. All of them just end with the same answer: "We can't/ don't know what to predict."

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  54. proxy90909 said:

    The world going out on a quantum fireball because of proyect H.A.D.E.S sounds like a plot for a movie

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  55. Praveena Jilles said:

    First we saw a leaf, then a collection of atoms, then protons, neutrons and electrons and now we see quarks. Is there a limit to this hierarchy or do you think its infinite?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  56. Demoy Cardoza said:

    Maren is one beautiful curvaceous woman 🙂
    Great video, interesting experiment I'm interested to see how far we can observe conditions like this to possible safely recreate these into even bigger and better systems.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  57. Therapeutic Conversation said:

    She can teach me anything!… Wish my school teachers were as sexy as her…😍

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  58. Borderlands808 said:

    We need to weaponize this.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  59. Blake Bitner said:

    Do they run the experiments in a vacuum? If not are the particles reacting with the atmosphere of the experiment area?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  60. Duhmeister said:

    Dammit, I love that daisy jumper

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  61. Dominic Lucero said:

    Where is the new HADES facility?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  62. Mariano Alippi said:

    When I lived in the North of Italy I loved yourst with fruits of the forest, your stories are like fruits of the forest, it would be amazing a Seeker shirt with images of cherries, strawberries, blueberries, Kiwi too, it can only be Kiwi, a shirt with these fruits.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  63. Mariano Alippi said:

    You could be perfect immersed into a WebGl dimension explaining phisical ecuations like a Strawberry fields https://davidwalsh.name/webgl-demo

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  64. Mariano Alippi said:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtUH9z_Oey8

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  65. Mariano Alippi said:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sq8fHNd2GBM

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  66. Mariano Alippi said:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRxcrAU3oig

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  67. Mariano Alippi said:

    Here is a small demonstration of an interactive narrative, although I think that with the WebGl this can be integrated even more, with better graphics I think that the narrator can be fully integrated into a 3D dimension https://viruspatterns.com

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  68. Mariano Alippi said:

    image integrations like this, but in film interactively https://ar.pinterest.com/pin/359654720227634225/?nic=1

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  69. Jrjay Jrjay said:

    so does this confirm proton decay?????????????

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  70. Ron Haytack said:

    I love your presentations and your an exceptional woman! 🙂

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  71. Mariano Alippi said:

    https://www.pinterest.de/pin/394135404873241931/?nic=1

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  72. Mariano Alippi said:

    This but with motion https://www.pinterest.de/pin/401735229258407328/?nic=1

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  73. SodiumhypoBromite said:

    Random dude: So where do you work?
    Physicist: Hades
    Random dude: Man, I thought my job sucked

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  74. Frank Sclafani said:

    What happened to trace?!

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  75. Mariano Alippi said:

    It could be good to bring some of the Street Graffiti of Mr. Brainwash as background design of your videos pay atention of Maryling painting on the Street. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WUFY3NGaVrY&t=12s

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  76. Emmanuel Mahuni said:

    wooooow that's hot! esp. with those Seeker colours behind he…. cough sorry I mean how are they containing that plasma at that temperature?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  77. peter vaughn said:

    Doubt it….but hey…scientist gotta convince you they gotta science. I like the part when she explains what theoretically happens but they are going to set up an experiment to see what actually does happens if it's detectable. Basically they don't know…but believe they may or may not have the ability to measure what they do or do not expect to occur. Best of luck…. don't blow up the planet. Thanks.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  78. Willverine said:

    Please tell me i'm not the only one who thought about horizon zero dawn

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  79. ray salmon said:

    I don't believe evolution

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  80. dr4t said:

    Is there a higher limit for temperature? Does anyone know?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  81. Kurtis Marquez said:

    Ha! You're almost there! Dark matter is the strong force/the weak force. But you don't even know it!

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  82. Chris Foster said:

    Control protocols?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  83. Next Level said:

    Everybody gangster until Hades himself walks out of a particle accelerator.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  84. Alex M said:

    Video should be measuring the smallest fireball we can make not, “QUANTUM MATTER FIREBALL”

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  85. merlopick said:

    @1:07….what exactly is hilarious?

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  86. Guruji ka Thullu said:

    Background looks really pretty mam 🤣🤣

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  87. Mike B said:

    We are so close to proving that “nothing” exists and “everything” doesn’t exist. Or visa versa. Lol

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  88. Jonathan Ryals said:

    We know nothing about the evolution of the universe. As a species trying to collectively understand things in general, scientifically speaking we are still in the observation phase. Any hypothesis about it's unified theory is necessarily flawed. Imagine a blind man holding the tail of an elephant in one hand and a snake in the other and thinking they are essentially the same thing.

    Not to say the observation isn't the most important aspect of humanity, just I think we need to be cognizant of the underpinnings of our solutions. If everyone is striving for a big personal discovery it seems like a lot more false ideas are going to be presented, each with its own biased proponents.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  89. DontMaskTruth said:

    They really named a portal to the quantum underworld after the guardian of the underworld…might as well name the next one CTHULU

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  90. DontMaskTruth said:

    Maren, do you think that quantum physics simulations will preclude the further use of such expensive equipment? Given how quantum computers work, in about 30 years they should be able to simulate practically any quantum interaction, within a certain level of complexity that doesn't exceed the amount of qubits of course. They have already done random interactions to make numbers so random that classical computers can't perform them.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  91. Shuvo 133 said:

    If you fire up My balls it can also tell about univers evolution

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  92. Scientific Humanist said:

    The only thing I understood, “pretty fricking hot” 🥵

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  93. Marcos Zarate said:

    Who gives a shit about this. I see those explosions in my dreams all the time and guess what…. it's here on earth. I don't need my money going towards that.

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  94. I OFFER YOU THIS said:

    from quarks to atoms to molecules to chemistry to biology that can walk it all backwards to figure everything out. life is so amazing.wonder who programmed all these forces or if every universe is different. imagine this universe being the 99999th simulation and the first one to actually produce life.is the point of everything literally just to fancy self aware phsyics machines like us

    October 17, 2019
    Reply
  95. Jamie E said:

    And all this waste of money is going to help humanity how?! Not a fkn bit! All it does is raise more questions for these morons to chase the answers to. Just an endless circle of speculative horsesh#t!

    October 18, 2019
    Reply
  96. Owen C said:

    At the end, I was expecting the sentence "…most fundamental blocks of…" to end with " …space-time". But then realized this is not the PBS Space Time channel 🙂 (which is highly recommended for those who liked this video.)

    October 18, 2019
    Reply
  97. Ankit kumar said:

    👍👍

    October 18, 2019
    Reply
  98. sedriensmorgasbord said:

    They'd better be careful. Smashing all these atoms together and creating quark fireballs… Someone may end up accidentally creating a miniature black hole that quickly swallows up our planet.

    October 18, 2019
    Reply
  99. bb1televator said:

    Quantum Matter Fireball is like an attack name in an anime

    October 18, 2019
    Reply
  100. Wu Li said:

    Theoretical physics has not made significant progress after 40 years of spending more money than God on smashing particle together and measuring them deep underground were even mushrooms won't grow. They are joining the long list of failures including String Theory, which is wildly popular, but has never produced anything practical in over 40 years. Thankfully, AI are already making discoveries in physics that are humanly impossible, because there's no intelligent life around here. Only a geek would celebrate their enormously expensive failures.

    October 18, 2019
    Reply

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