Next Generation IoT Technologies Using The Block Chain



how many of you already working on Internet of Things so it's quite natural that Yola here how many of you are working on centralized models of Internet of Things which pretty much the way most Internet of Things models are about my name is Gaurav and our ahluwalia I'm part of the IBM team based actually in Dallas I cover the US market for our cloud computing side of the business across all aspects of IBM what several of us have been doing at IBM including work that we are doing with with Samsung and I'll describe a little bit more about that we have come up with identifying of course what the challenges are but more importantly what we see as a whole new model for highly autonomous highly decentralized peer-to-peer business model as well as an architecture model to make the trajectory of Internet of Things a sustainable e from the way everybody is projecting when we look at the numbers that all of you have seen no doubt and they're directionally all in the same magnitude into a world where we are going into billions and billions of devices we're all seeing that but what is the exact what is the sustainable model which may or may not be from precedence that exists today that can sustain the magnitude of what needs to be served to society serve to consumers serve to businesses serve to the public sector the world has for long dealt very well with high capital intensive industries these are also things air traffic controllers manage it very well safety of aviation is very big these aspects of things are of course there's a lot of electronics a lot of componentry in it a lot of digitization in it but at the end of the day they are very heavy machines very heavy physical devices and this world of millions of things has been managed and there's very sustainable business models that all of us have you know taken in order to get to places like this conference but what about the rest of the things the metaphor of toaster is very commonly used in describing something that has existed for a long time but where's the innovation around it for the last so many years and is it indeed needed is it important that your toast come out to be better or are you able to eat it the way you get it right now that's the state of affairs with this area that has been a little bit of a stepchild which is being projected to be billions of things ok how do we deal with this middle category of things that are very pervasive but at the same time they are not high capital industries like Subway's like bridges like dams like aircrafts so that sweet spot in between has millions of devices billions of devices so if you look at a toaster would you want a business model around a toaster of course toaster being kind of a metaphor over here a business model around this category of things to be sustained by advertising you know advertising coming through it do you want and an advertising burnt into your toaster every morning right so I think you get the idea how do we come up with not just an architectural a scalable and sustainable model for the Internet of Things not just providing a home of connectivity into these things because that alone isn't sufficient but what is the new business model what is the monetization model without having ways like advertising which are going to invade privacy and not going to make it sustainable so when you when you summarize this there for challenges there for big problems whoops let me see if I can get that back there for big problems going on I'm sorry you'll have to just look quickly functional value of the ecosystem the business models and the operating costs okay I think some of this was done in in in keynote and have it running in PowerPoint so when we look at those I'm going to drill into each of those so you really didn't miss because I'm going to drill it into each of those functional value of a thing and let's take washer as an example let's take Dyer as an example you want clean clothes you want a good user experience you want to you want to have cognizance and you want the thing to have awareness of your behavior around it and be able to have the human-computer interface and the overall experience of usability you want it to have part of an ecosystem where the whole is bigger than the sum of the parts and it's not fragmentation like we are seeing in the internet of things adoption today where there are pockets of Internet of Things I'm not interested in just managing or just having a smart washer I'm not interested in just having a smart thermostat I'm a I'm a home I'm a home resident with a family of five and there are experiences that flow from one device to another device to one aspect of the home to another aspect of the home and then when I walk out of the home into my business and so on and so forth we deal with that every day so being able to have a smart internet of things in pockets is not going to be a viable solution for user experience so you have to go after where the hole is bigger than just the sum of the parts it's part of an ecosystem these are examples particularly in San Francisco you would deal with all the time about parking space finding parking spots and you're now in a situation where you look at where you look at the multiple sources right the multiple sources and the costs to make copies of that data from wherever those sources is coming is coming down to zero and when supply becomes infinite economic principles will tell you that the market price heads to zero so in light of the economics what is the business model that is going to be sustainable and then supported by a resilient underlying architecture and platform let's switch gears and expand our aperture a little bit when you look at the business that we are looking at and the challenges that I described earlier in terms of functional experience in terms of the operating costs in terms of the business models that are sustainable in terms of monetization from data without necessarily burning advertisements into your toast we are dealing with a spectrum of things over here the most example is what we have in our pocket and that is a smartphone and you look at the you look at some of the latest affinities of children growing up in the US and I'm sure it's true across the world where teenagers are ready to give up their car instead of the smartphone if they were given to make a choice of one between those two so but the life of a smartphone is that you use is 1 year to year is that a sustainable business model is that an endurable business model you move over a little bit to the left laptops maybe a little bit longer right and then you look at the extreme kind of get the idea over here that Subway's are going to be around for hundreds of years houses are going to be around for jets are going to be around for decades how do you maintain what's going to be the operating cost of maintaining that equipment of maintaining that spectrum of things ok that's a very profound problem and a challenge that we are an industry are faced with and we need to take it upon ourselves solve that so if we were to start on a clean sheet of paper one day which is what we're doing with Sampson and that's the reason we are here and if you think about Sampson company like Samsung has gamut of products and market segments across the planet which spans the entire spectrum of things that we are talking about okay so you see a natural weaving in the expertise and the research that we've done from from IBM blending in with what Samsung has in their portfolio so we are not just looking at a segment of devices we are looking at a much larger gamut of possibilities that everybody deals with all the time so if we start from that perspective there are three things that become really important that we need to do and especially at a developer conference everybody understands the meaning of build cool stuff you want to build cool stuff you want to build cool stuff that addresses the function challenge and we don't want to just build cool stuff we want to sell cool stuff we want people to buy cool stuff we want to have sustainable and durable business models around the cool stuff and that's possible only when there is an underlying resilient decentralized what we are saying will be decentralized and highly efficient platform for the Internet of Things okay something that I will refer to later called a depth for autonomous decentralized peer-to-peer telemetry all right so I'm going to look into each of these a little bit deeper so how do we address the scale how do we address the security issues that are intrinsic Oh how do we address order and trust and privacy yet at the same time not have a command-and-control model with intrinsically that's what a peer-to-peer model is where trust and capability has to be built into the foundation of the peer-to-peer model what is needed to grow to the scale that we talked about in the first slide there are three pieces that we've come up with and many of you will begin to recognize how much this slowly draws from open source how many of you have had a Bitcoin how many of you using it how many of you have heard of blockchain blockchain is one capability the other piece of this puzzle is BitTorrent I'm sure most of you heard of that yeah and the third piece is Kelly hash we have underlying transactional and Trust capability from blockchain which is what underlies the currently and widely popularized Bitcoin BitTorrent for files and tele hash for messaging these are three essential constructs and I'll drill deeper and peel apart feedback for you especially for developers in the audience in this conference a much far you know architecture rendition that we are implementing towards so this is not just a vision this is an implementation that is currently happening so let's look at a little bit more detail over here so the blockchain foundation as many of you raised your hand knowing about knowing about put bit thing about Bitcoin excuse me knowing about Bitcoin the blockchain capability is the one of the underlying capabilities under the bit under the Bitcoin ecosystem the notional here is that you look at assets that around which you can wrap transactions and it is a it is a highly distributed highly decentralized autonomous database ledger Cyril Cyril database ledger where transaction gets law logged not lost transactions get logged with tremendous intrinsically built-in contract enforcement as long as most of the nodes are honest and insures trust based on the longest chain in the blockchain so even if they're the Renegades those are any gates are put aside because it's the longest chain that wins and when there are more honest nodes the longest chain is going to be hard to outpace so once you get transactions built around assets in the case of Bitcoin your assets are currencies or your bitcoins and I'll use in a moment this same paradigm to translate that into physical assets and how you can take physical assets build contracts around them and I'm leading up into the notion of businesses business model sustainability put contracts around them which are enforceable they protect privacy and create marketplaces around the things that we are talking about ok transactions are conformed by consensus when you look at multiple ecosystem participates participants they check on transactions to provide redundant verification so the point I'm making is when you look at the blockchain technology that underlies underlies Bitcoin there is intrinsic trust in the peer to peer apparatus as opposed to having a centralized party and everything funneling through there in order to ensure in turn order to ensure trust there's no single point of failure and there is no need to trust all the participants ok now some more description which in the interest of time I will skip because I do want to get to some of the architecture and implementation work that we are doing I want to I want to guide your attention to the right side over here which is the old the old transaction system that we all know very well our travel reservations billing banking systems health records or the transaction systems the new transaction system that we are dealing with today are things like social media what's happening on Twitter what's happening on Facebook what's happening on Dropbox so on and so forth and of course data that is coming from devices as well if you look at the server less environment well that's essentially what we are talking about there is 99 percent more efficiency that can be accomplished in terms of managing these kind of environments based on some baselines that we've run track security is built in to the system over here and security is enabled through trust and verification so I'm going to highlight now you remember those four boxes of challenges you face we face as an industry the ones that went off the slide very quickly so I'm going to address those in some examples enduring it has to be enduring if you look at transactions that are running just the number of transaction volume that are running in Bitcoin versus some other exchanges the middle one is the log is the is the log view logarithmic view we're talking about very heavy volumes of transaction and the ability of a peer-to-peer environment be able to sustain it and it compares against some of the other ones that were popularly known New York Stock Exchange and Twitter and Facebook in this particular case okay if we take the experiences and the innovation that has been put in the open source through blockchain and organizations like aetherium that are building around the block chain as and also have put a terraeum in open source what we have come up with a solution that you can take a footprint of a certain core piece of software and make anything I'll qualify that in just a moment make anything an equal citizen of a democracy of things okay an equal citizen of a democracy of devices that could be a smartphone which has pretty good computing power it could be an Arduino board or it could be a door lock and here's the qualifier I wanted to point out are we saying that this approach and this model that we are proposing to the industry is going to work for anything and everything there is a certain sweet spot that you need to go after let's stick on this particular axis the longevity of the device because the ongoing operational cost is going to be really important when you look at devices that have longevity on the right side and the other axis has the device value what's the value of the device so quite naturally just to lead you into the example quite naturally smartphone would have something that is of high value and it has low linearity so perhaps a good model to continue monitoring smart to continue managing smartphones and the business models around it is a centralized model which is essentially what it is right now you go into low low an example of low low would be baggage tags low value and low life continue monitoring it's centralized okay hybrid Planes long lives and high-value subway systems maybe there's a hybrid model to manage that the sweet spot that we are talking about in the model that we are proposing both the business model as well as the architecture model is towards the bottom right side which is a decentralized highly autonomous model where the longevity of things is fairly high and the value is low to medium okay so I'm now going to go into a drill down on this pyramid that I that we had earlier and let's look at the business models and let's look at the technology models what you do have to do with most of this and we've seen the precedence you have to do discovery of the thing then of course you engage it into use and for it to be commercially sustainable quite likely some example or some ways of payment and exchange of monetary value okay so we've seen this examples from Amazon we've seen these examples from other spaces these are the difference is these are digitized assets already of course the world moved from from CD music to digitized music these are this these are digitized examples but the precedents have been set where we can take the technology and the framework we are talking about engage physical assets in to lift physical assets into a layer of software where if a physical asset is participating in this technology that we are calling the underlying core blockchain base technology technology it becomes a citizen of that regardless of which vendor it is made by mind you becomes a citizen of that now you can create now you've digitized that asset and you can create marketplaces around it and in those marketplaces you can run contracts enforce contracts and have privacy and other aspects that are important to run commercial business sustainable models we've seen some of that that is already beginning to take place but there's a lot of fragmentation for those of you working in the IOT space already know about that want to speed up over here run the example of uber very quickly everybody quite commonly knows it what it is but it's taken an existing asset base asset base of auto mode of taxis and and anybody who wants to participate in that ecosystem and lifted that into a capability where uber creates a marketplace now the interesting part is on the next slide of course accessibility through mobile phones and all that and you know you can map it to where they are in the location but here the here are some of the interesting numbers that have been run around the taxi business or the subscript of vehicle business it shouldn't be just taxi the average utilization of taxi is traditionally having 55 percent right so if you are a CF or with a financial headset you know is that a good utilization of your assets but if you look at ruble rates they're 18% less at the same time that drivers are making 22 percent more why how how's that happening so you see the disruption that the uber technology has been able to overlay on physical assets like taxis and create massive new innovation and sustainability around that particular market segment few other examples I'll just leave them over here won't go through those but the important part is that you have to be the solution has to be part of an ecosystem and if you look at the uber example just to stay on that for a moment they're physical assets right there's the part of an ecosystem related to geography they're part of an ecosystem related to mobile devices so it's not just about the thing but it's about the ecosystem that is built around the thing going back to the point where the hole is bigger than the sum of the parts and you talk about similar other capabilities that can be around which you can create marketplaces compute compute side the storage capability and then power is you know where is power use is used by a lot of things so you now get the opportunity once you create the internet of things in the way we are proposing and discussing you can broker power based on the demand and supply and ability for people to make trade-offs in choices that they control in how they use their home appliances for example okay and when they charge their cars for example I'm going to now drill in the remaining twenty five minutes but I'm going to leave some questions so let's say in the remaining about 15 20 minutes and leave some time for questions at the end on the back up on the technology aspects so we want to create a technology that stands up to bullies there's no propriety ownership that we want we want the platform to be in the open source we want to drive we want to facilitate the innovation you want to take on some of the risk and some of the work that we are doing with Samsung and dr. Yunus over here the and create a technology which borrows from the open source create a platform it borrows from the opens for open source and then puts back into the open source and then on top of that anybody can add business value for commercial benefit so I'm going to take the next about 15-20 minutes toodle deeper into the architecture aspects for the developer audience amongst you the high-level stack looks like this there's the application in the marketplace stack there's a coordination an analytics layer and then the core blockchain I'm just simplifying calling it the core blockchain right now but in a later picture you'll see there are there are many more elements to this in a holistic in a holistic view of the architecture we have things and my dear they are coded they are shaded differently so they are heterogeneous right not just heterogeneous in terms of their function could be could be cars could be industrial equipment could be home appliances could be door locks could be surveillance whatever right agnostic as far as the vendor is concerned agnostic as far as the function of the device is concerned because at the end of the day it's not the device it's the user experience that matters okay so we we have a rough texture on imme which is on the right side of this chart devices are equipped differently in terms of the compute capability and the resource capability we're talking about resource constrained devices how many of you work in embedded systems as opposed to you know other side of like mobile apps or something okay so you understand very well you know resource constrained devices so this cert they're going to be certain footprints that different devices can carry and some other devices cannot carry what we are proposing and our hypothesis is that there's going to be a minimalistic footprint of this software that will run on every device for it to be a participant in this democracy of devices more capable device and that's what we are calling a step light peer that's what we are calling a light peer they're going to be certain basic functionality I'll describe some of the functionality a little bit more in a later chart and then when you get into a more capable device it can have by the way this is additive it can have more capability and it can probably run analytics it can do transaction verification right so you might wonder so who does transaction verification for this pair for this light beer it borrows transaction verification services from another neighboring peer okay so service is that this this child cannot carry on its own it looks to a grown-up here to provide some of those services okay and then at the top of this taxonomy is a peer exchange so the middle one is what we are calling a standard peer like peer standard peer and then a peer exchange a peer exchange of the marketplace it's a marketplace that is pulling a set of things that are within a certain namespace and creates commerce around it not just commerce are the capabilities around it as well so that's where a user or provider participates the concept of an ecosystem what I've been describing earlier as the whole is bigger than the sum of the parts comes together over here in the marketplace and also this is the sustainability for a business model to support this architecture model so the marketplace has things like so it's life cycle device life cycle block chain management running analytics getting some business intelligence out of it and of course security and privacy so on and so forth we're in the process of describing and defining all the you know the the functionality and the richness to come into the marketplace and of course any of this and everything over here is going to be API based expose published with easy integration and participation so as you can probably guess this is just a staging slide into the next slide which would populate the details so I'm not throwing it all at you at once so a little bit more granularity compared to the earlier sandwich diagram the access layer where you have devices okay and I'll qualify that in just a moment in the next slide right I'm sorry the access layer we have the network and that could be a mess network it could be an access point hub based network or whatever the device layer where you have devices where you have OMS and that's I'll qualify that in just a moment your operating system layer and you begin to see how many of you are are accustomed to the cloud computing world right see quite a few hands over here so you begin to see some of the terminologies over here infrastructure as a service that's one form of cloud delivery and platform as a service another form of cloud cloud delivery so not just devices that's kind of the qualifier I was providing not just devices not just boards right but also you know full flat server could run a blockchain and be a participant and quite likely the marketplaces are going to run on full flat servers a datastore and then over here in yellow is the main core of the Thriller sandwich that I was describing earlier where you have some of the essential the core open-source technologies around this and then the notion of a device cloud and the notion of a peer cloud let me blow this up a little bit more for you okay so you're ready for this picture now your should be getting excited by now because many of these logos are logos that you should be familiar with and if you eyeball them really quickly team you will see most of this is open source so I want to take a few minutes to describe this diagram for you and then I'll close with some sample codes with some sample code and give you a view of implementation that we've done and then give you some pointers on how you can stay tuned give you some links that you can connect and engage but this has to be a community effort what we are taking the step and the risk and done the innovation with with dr. Yunnan Samsung in testing some of this they have a part they have you know one half of the equation that we at IBM don't write we don't have the things we got the software you got to – expertise to write great software so so let me take you from the bottom up so the bottom layer is your access layer and in this access layer it's agnostic you can have a mesh based network you could have a hub-and-spoke based network ZigBee Bluetooth light Wi-Fi you know have it whatever your favorite choices okay go at it I pointed out over here and by the way the right side of this diagram the right side of this diagram is making cloud not a hub is making cloud not a hub but an equal participant in this peer-to-peer arrangement okay that way if you want to run some heavy-duty analytics and you want to get more muscular about it you know your device isn't going to be able to do it you throw it back to another participant of this democracy of devices which has the muscle and the compute power throw it to a cloud run the analytics do whatever bi you want to do and then respond to it with you know business reaction then changes to Oh system for your business model okay now you come to this model you come to this layer that's your device layer I'm calling it device layer but as you notice there's the server participants over there as well okay so this is your pure layer these are your pure nodes and those peers could be coming from Samsung and Samsung has a large portfolio of those which gives us the capability to factor and refactor the challenges as well as the opportunities depending on the footprint depending on the resource constraints of different devices you could have other OEMs you could have devices that are based on Arduino boards your devices that are based on raspberry beagle beagle board pick your favorite as long as the underlying Hardware can support the core blockchain footprint that we are talking about you slap it on there and you're part of the part of the ecosystem and the democracy of devices you go a step above you get into the OSS and again open-source Android Tizen Linux Linux derivatives wherever the compatibility and we want you to work with us if there's something that you don't have is if there's something that you have that is not being run on a certain hardware or not available in open-source want you to participate in that ecosystem of open source contributions we are doing work right now we're at areum which is based again on underlying blockchain technology is not a theorem Java version is not available on Android so we have a team in our development lab that is working on that porting and since we borrowed from open source we will make it back available in open source and will be available on github so those are some of the places and those some of the things that we are doing that I'd like you to kind of remain tuned into and I'll give you a link over here on how you can stay connected with us so back to the chart over here you go one level up pick a datastore we are working with my sequel right now okay there could be others and if you have a different favorite you know fine make it available on the only underlying operating system and the underlying hardware and you're in business so we keep moving right now with my sequel make that the data store for the for the core layer over here I'm sorry by the way on the right side is is other data source data store than other services that are available if it is in a cloud-based environment right where that is also a blockchain based participant in this ecosystem so we are standing up the blockchain stack blockchain services in IBM bluemix which is a pass platform as a service it has been production for some time and it's based on Cloud Foundry it's based on open source Cloud Foundry Cloud Foundry is an open source paths software so you go up a layer is what I've been talking about for a while now and that is Telly hash from open source again for messaging services we use blockchain and etherium work being done for asset and Trust services transaction services we use BitTorrent is the leading candidate that we are working with that open source for file sharing services there are others also that can be evaluated which we have in our mind but this is the one you know sort of like one of the leading horses if you may or at least we want to move we want to move the needle forward into implementation of this vision okay you go up a layer and this is a pure cloud which is in the traditional sense that we understand cloud to be in the industry and then on the left side is kind of the notion which might not necessarily have been introduced to all of you even if you are in a cloud and that is the notion of a device or an edge cloud now the notion of a device edge cloud is where you don't necessarily deviate from the characteristics that are essential to being called a cloud but you do deviate from where the cloud is deployed and this is a cloud that is deployed on the devices as opposed to centralized data centers large providers at IBM is a cloud provider as well okay but characteristics the properties for it to be called a cloud or what are sustained and that is its elastic there is subscript of behavior okay it's easily accessible and it's ubiquitous what I just described what was that four or five what I just described are actually the definition the characteristics in the definition of a cloud by the National Institute of Standards and ist standards and technology okay so you go so that's the device edge cloud layer and then you go up this layer is where the real value added and the opportunity for commercialization and business models exists where you bring your use case which could be around signage it could be around fleet management it could be around managing process in process intensive industries and plants and equipment it could be around home appliances and home automation bring your use case and the hooks and the services underneath are available in order to weave the API is and the services to business models analytics user access user control managing of devices and then also the experience from one device to the other also the integration from one device to the other for a seamless user experience okay you move over to the right side before I wrap up this page and that is marketplaces so these are not just individual use cases where you know you've got an app you could make a smart phone a blockchain capable device you could do it today so in the lab we have Android devices which are running the blockchain stack on it so they are a peer participant in this ecosystem okay now that could come as an app it could come you know intrinsically built by the OEM and you know all those all the directions and possibilities exist so the marketplace creates where you could have the serviceability and the experience to do with the thing to do with the underlying thing come into commercial aspects you need maintenance on equipment you need your washer to be replenished for detergent you need your filter in your refrigerator to be replaced right so you don't have to you basically keep the entire experience of that particular device digitized so you don't have to go okay now I need to look for a filter company and I go to call them I go into it alright so you get the idea here so there's commercial transaction that that that and an exchange and now you can also manage the bond and supply on other ancillary capabilities that can participate into this in this ecosystem for example taking your electricity up and down depending on consumption of the devices at what times of the day so you can write policies you can write schedules you can set up logic around what devices and what behavior and arrangements are needed alright so um so do I really need a smarter toaster right yes we all do need a smarter toaster so the metaphor lives and it is very applicable there are certain challenges around how to go about this and what we've taken is taking on the risk done some of the done a lot of the groundwork we have this implemented and and bringing it out to the industry this is an example I'll go through this real quickly and we do have about still 10-12 minutes remaining this is an example of a aetherium client running on a unix on a UNIX environment where so if you look at the bottom is kind of the equivalent of a command line where you're interacting with the blockchain over here and in this particular example there are actually just two peers one is the peer on which this client is running right and the other is the peer which is listed over here with an IP address there's a theorem technology theorem based it's in the open source we are working with this we've taken and that support also that we are doing the Java version of aetherium make it available on Android and here is these are the block numbers so what this is showing that there is a block chain of two blocks right now okay and this is the example that I was citing earlier and the definition of block chain that I that I shared which is it's a highly autonomous secure trusted serial time based database Ledger okay there are a lot of words but I think you pick up kind of the keywords over there on what what we are after because if you talk about the change of state of a particular thing right that has to be logged and if you can log it and based on that based on the state of that finite finite state cycle of that thing right you need to do something else okay I'm within so much proximity of my home I can now turn on a certain microwave or the air conditioning my children are about to come back to the school or I'm pulling into the driveway you begin to kind of see and each of those steps that I just described you know very very approximately if you can get them to be logged you can get them to be secured you can get them to be trusted then you can do a lot of fancy things around them so this gives us the capability to ensure that transactional capability in a very trusted in a very scalable manner the last piece is a piece of code that the team has been working with just to give you an example that this is not just a vision but we've actually taken this into implementation and invite your participation you know to look at what's going on and things that are useful to you and this is the example of a washer reuse case where you can participate have the have the washer participate and then reordering of detergent and then of course maintenance around the equipment warranties and you know so on and so forth all the business commercial aspects operational maintenance spec's around different things okay so I'll leave you with just a few thoughts as I pointed we've been working with Samsung and we'll be bringing new updates to you clearly there will be updates at the next SDC but we don't want you neither do we want to wait another 12 months we will have an update and to share with you for those of you who are able to make it to CES which is in January and then between now and January and on an ongoing basis there's a link over here and by the way if you follow my I'm sorry my Twitter handle is not here but if you are able to remember it's my twitter handle is gue really Walia gu RI AHL you wal ia and I'll tweet that link out so it's easily accessible to you so you can just look at my Twitter handle when you get back over there we we the port that we are doing I think most of it is done actually of Java's version a theorems version of Java to be able to run it on Android we have it in our internal jazzhub development environment and would make it available on github so stay tuned for that we're looking at standing up a blockchain stack on bluemix which can be accessed by anybody over the internet and it's a it's a platform it's a pass platform with composable with a rich set of composable services available to you that you can knit into your applications and we'll be keeping you posted on other you know development and other events so there's a newsletter sort of a thing or a mailing list or not a newsletter just a mailing list this is not mailing this that you can go and sign up over there over there too ok so we'll continue our work with the with the team from from samp's from Samsung I want to we do have five six minutes something like that I want to take questions please yes gentleman over there can we get him a microphone so I'm very interested in how the Internet of Things mixes with all of the distributed consensus systems one of the things that I've been kind of struggling to figure out is that the distributed systems like Bitcoin are distributed but in a way massively redundant and that that makes sense for something like some important information like account balances to have that be redundant throughout the world but when you talk about having a hundred billion devices connected to these things and each one is represented in this massively redundant database I'm wondering what exactly you're using the redundancy for what why does it make sense to have all of these at all of these different devices connect represented in this redundant database yeah so a couple of thoughts come to my mind if I'm understanding your comment and questions properly one is the redundancy is for clarity for scale because here and this is going to be as you saw in the taxonomy chart of devices right there's a light like peer a standard peer and a peer exchange so there's a level of redundancy that is important so you can exchange services that you don't have resident on board within that particular pair right so I'm a child you know I can't do things that adults can do right so I can borrow from my neighbor who's a participant within women within this ecosystem now the other thought I had when you were asking a question is yes this is a world of billions of devices but not all billions of devices are necessarily in the same namespace right so depending on how the market places so what we what we are after is make to the industry available the platform to do it right we would stand up the platform for example on bluemix which is the IBM IBM product based on open source cloud foundry but anybody can turn up take the platform which would be an open source and put it whatever whatever they would you know do whatever they want to do with it and then associate your ecosystem of devices that you want to have participate in that in that namespace you take it down one more level even within a namespace you will come down to who has subscription and who has access to these devices I don't want my devices in my home to be touched by others I want my children like to have access to them I probably want my you know nephews and nieces and receivers my siblings find my parents come and your family come so maybe I give it you know certain devices I give them access to you know certain neighbors but they've got to be a participant in that ecosystem where the ecosystem is really giving you the worth of so in a sense it's a it there's a nesting a logical nesting arrangement nested arrangement where we make available the platform that anybody can take and run run with or participate in the platform that we run and then within that you create your own logical you know sub sub ecosystems if you may okay a good question thank you yes you just stated several security policies Namie my wife has access my child has access my grandparents who are visiting I'll give him 24 hours where do you store those where do you enforce them what's the language was to namespace yeah I was I was thinking you're going to ask you know there's certain things you don't want your wife to access so so this is so if you if you look at the picture I had around the data store right so there is a data store right so that's the data store underlying I'm sorry I don't know where it is okay there is so there is a database so blockchain is basically a database where it stores the transaction and a complete log which was in the other picture right which is in this picture where it stores a complete log of the transactions that are happening right now there'll be of course there'll be certain pieces of data which will pull from you know that are deep inside the board of an OEM that needs to pull you know for example you know the state of that particular thing some kind of a trigger that it is it needs a certain new filter or needs a certain so basically a state that has changed so it'll pull from the underlying hardware and bring that up into a data store around which you can so it basically is now information around that asset basically the information around that asset which is which is wrapped around which is wrapped contracts number one and also around which are wrapped arbitrary rules mind you arbitrary rules that anybody from their control device can say you know this device I want accessible to so-and-so this device I don't want accessible to so-and-so which was the part about can't flip back easily which are the part about service life service life cycle and device lifecycle management okay might have question time for one other question I'll be around for a little bit before I have to dash out for my flight but I'll be around for a little bit little bit any other any other questions team you find this interesting if you find this interesting I want to see you on that list and I want to have an opportunity for us to engage and discuss a little bit more and when you hear from updates through that list I'd like to visit with the with you in other sessions in the future all right thank you so much

4 Comments

  1. Kayed Masarweh said:

    Nice work Guri

    June 26, 2019
    Reply
  2. Jeff Grant said:

    This video has so much "meat" to it, i'm already full 7 minutes in, and will be back for more

    June 26, 2019
    Reply
  3. Patrick Connolly said:

    Wonderful talk, but I must admit that it rubbed me the wrong way with the apparent lack of humility around the ideas. It struck me as counter to the spirit of open source communities. You guys talked lots about all the "groundwork" you've done for everyone else, but thanked very little those whose ideas you've apparently built on and learned from

    Anyhow, perhaps that's just how you must speak when working for a large IP-focussed company like IBM, but I still thought I'd share my impression. Thanks for all your work, regardless 🙂

    June 26, 2019
    Reply
  4. Alex Hirner said:

    on the get the bullies out of the proposed peer exchange and blockchain bloat concerns (first question from audience): off-chain oracles as described here could come in very handy https://blog.ethereum.org/2014/09/17/scalability-part-1-building-top/

    June 26, 2019
    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *