Iranian Innovation in the Fight Against Desertification



I don't know exactly the name of this village but I know this is at the moment is abundant village about I think more than forty years ago the people of this village I have to leave for somewhere else sand dunes treated this village and then they have to leave this religion here we have 120 days wind it is famous in this area it comes from the border of Afghanistan sanjeev's buried this village NASA Nick Bay is a fighter he works for the jihadi says and a key ministry which means fight for reconstruction he's an expert in natural resources and what he's actually fighting is the desert a desert that goes wherever the wind blows it driving people from their homes and villages NASA works for the government to make sure that the recommendations of the International Convention to combat desertification are properly followed between meetings he's out on the front line checking how his troops are doing in their struggle with the desert as you see both side the road now it is fixed before I mean 50 years ago it was nothing here only sand dunes now the area is fixed and most of the people back to the villages and some of them behind of these fixing sand dunes they started again the cultivation come on this well has water you can see and I will put one stone in it and you can listen the voice of the water look the Iranian people have lived with the desert since time immemorial over 90% of the country consists of arid or semi-arid land through the centuries they have built and maintained their own irrigation systems canit's or underground channels with access wells to carry water from the mountains back on it all that wash elevation on the edge of the village the water from the can ants comes up to the surface and runs into small ditches Hazama bod is another small village which has been abandoned after a long struggle with the sand the 10 families who used to live here were forced to leave when the cannot dried up this one was used for drinking water it's about 3 or 4 meters deep so where was the Cannady 20 meters higher up was it a deep one Lane well was 20 meters deep the water ran down to here this small well it were the dried this one at the first time and after that the cannot which was coming from the up side of the mountain and it was dried because the level of the ground water goes down and in this case the over-exploitation of the ground water is one of the main causes of the desert if ocation the old man was living here and also his father was living here fifty years ago he is a farmer mama didn't job we are glad to meet you here welcome to Iran my talk will I really did that see yeah you to talk with you do what could she do me too mmm-hmm the work that we do bubble monkey to talk with her when he married he was in this room what did you investor you idiot oh look they this is their sitting room this is the sitting room and people get with it yes and if you see you can see the natural ventilation here and flows this direction and here will be pool naturally today Pharma Nasrallah lives just a few hundred meters from his old house the people of a sauna bad dug a new cannot for themselves a little way off and built a new village during lunch nasa fans out that nasrallah was one of the first people to take part in a government program to stop the march of the desert by allocating land to farmers in most need nasrullah struggled with the desert begins anew each day when he arrives at his field a small piece of the desert he's been given some 10 kilometers from his village he's had permission to dig a well here so long as other farmers can use it to there's a network of irrigation channels here which can be directed towards any one of the fields this area now consists of some 60 hectares divided between twelve farmers in just a few years nasrullah has grown pistachio trees and he sells the nuts directly in the marketplace he also grows alfalfa a crop that's used to feed cattle which helps stop the over grazing that used to be a problem in this semi arid zone the over grazing I hope we will be finished and they will cultivate the I mean the father Forte calls the desert land is converted to this land which you see here five or six years ago it was desert it was nothing here really nothing before he had half a hectare in the village with less water and now he has six hectares with more water and new you can see what happened here since he's been farming his new land and selling his produce Nasrallah has reduced his flock he used to have 20 sheeps that grazed on the precious grasses that reduce windage and fix the sand today he has only 10 sheep left and just one of his original four cows he feeds them on forage he's grown on his land this program of rehabilitation by allocating land is one of a number of programs run by the Iranian government through such programs the United Nations Development Programme UNDP is assisting Iran to reforest areas which are particularly affected by desertification and for the most serious cases the ministry has a secret weapon for temporary fixation in the critical area we use petroleum mulch and we spray it on the sand dunes the petroleum mulch is one of the product of the petroleum refinery the mulch will spray with a big gun all around after one month we plant the trees in the spread mulch area the mulch will prevent the moving the evaporation and this is not pollution because it will be moved after four years five years and in that time the area is fixed with the vegetation we remove the mulch on the sand only for digging a small hole and after that we remove the plastic bag of the seedling and we put straight the seedling in the hole like this it is some kind of acacia it doesn't need water now five centimeter maybe ten centimeter below the root is humid just now you can see the moisture moisture it is moisture under the mulch roots of the plant absorb the water of the Sun Jennifer's a definitive Nikki I mean okay this is it this is mulch this is plantation this is sand dune fixation and after that after for five years we have life here we have many many vegetation here we have many animals here like birds like lizard like everything and after that the the life is continuing normally associated with pollution who would have thought that petroleum could play a role in stopping the march of the desert by fixing unstable sangeun's NASA the desert warrior is proud of his country's achievements that can ATS the mulch he's unstoppable except when he's showing us one of the many marvels of his country the oasis of gas are for example famous for its roses roses as fragile as the environment when people upset its balance this is Iranian rose the Iranian likes the rose I liked I liked him so much so much I don't compare it with anything I can't compare it in anything you

21 Comments

  1. Karl Scher said:

    Greetings to Iran from Germany. Great country!

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  2. Mcrae Mctaggart said:

    Fantastic!!!!!!

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  3. Der_Teemo said:

    Holistic Management

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  4. devdas Devdas said:

    Tree = water no water = no life

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  5. Solveig Sokcanic said:

    PLANT BAMBOO !!!! USEFULL IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION, SHADE, & SHOOTS CAN BE EATEN !!!!!!

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  6. Solveig Sokcanic said:

    ARRANGING THE DECK CHAIRS ON THE TITANIC !!!!!!!

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  7. Solveig Sokcanic said:

    GEOENGINEERING THE WEATHER or WEATHER MODIFICATION by governments world wide to control the weather for economic power has been deployed for over 60YEARS , creating extreme weather events . WEATHER IS USED AS A WEAPON !
    see website; EXTENSIVE LIST OF PATENTS GEOENGINEERINGWATCH.ORG
    These extreme hot, drought climates are also in Africa , as all these places have RESOURCES WANTED BY OTHER COUNTRIES !!!!!!

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  8. downbntout said:

    It is never the number of grazing animals, only how long they are allowed to eat off one piece of land. There is a time to put them on and OFF.

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  9. Homer J Simpson said:

    Long live Iran

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  10. Robert Berger said:

    It is hard for farmers when the beloved cows and sheep are the cause of desertification

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  11. paari raaju said:

    Roses in the desert!!!Wooow. Amazing achievement by the Person and the government which is following his step👍👍👍👌

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  12. Dank Studios said:

    Cradle of civilization. More like crap of civilization

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  13. HoneyBee said:

    Love to Iran!!

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  14. Linda Conner said:

    They could build several buildings of greenhouses with flower beddings and grow (grass sods in sections) using potting soil, grass seed, and maneuver from the animals. Once the grass grows in the flower beddings, then cut them in long sections, then they could roll up the grass sod and place it out on the ground in the dessert. This way the grass sods will take root in the sand. They could do an acre at a time or a couple at a time. They could also plant trees in between the sections of grass sods. This will restore the dessert land back to it's beauty.

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  15. Sol Feinberg said:

    I want to see some earth works and I want to see a lot more things planted. I don't like see the water pumped up and sent down the street, shouldn't it stay in the ground? Or be used a bit more zealously – like massive plantings wherever it's welling up and not allow it to flow along? It looks like this isn't a solution – if you pump up the ground water to plant, aren't you just exacerbating the problem / salting the ground water? I'd like to see whatever the hardiest plants are planted. This doesn't seem very permacultury – petroleum mulch?! I also think the number of animals should be reduced to near zero – maybe a few very small ones like some desert chickens – and they should all be used to compost material and apply it to the growing area. The houses were cool, though – I like the one, I believe he was explaining how it naturally cooled itself with the high open ceiling. Those look like they're made to last / use natural building materials. Check out greening the desert with Geoff Lawton – he can show you how to survive anywhere. I mean, if there's that little water – and they're pumping it up – shouldn't it be under shelter, planted heavily, composted, mulched and sunk back into the ground and only taken up in little bits a time – not flowing along – it should be sequestered and concentrated and planted heavily in hardy overstory and underneath there should be whatever hopefully food producing plants can survive under them.

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  16. warababeser1 said:

    Bravo Iran, u have shown no imbargo can put you down. Keep resisting..

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  17. Roubik A said:

    Khoda ghovat Khasteh nabashid Payandeh Iran

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  18. Rebecca Conn said:

    I have planted thousands of trees in the Western US. In Texas alone, millions of gallons of oil are wasted shredding trees that grow naturally on normal rainfall. This insistence on prairie damages the water cycle and keeps land further west as desert. Stop watching too many John Wayne movies.

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  19. Ramba Zamba said:

    The iranians got a realy great culture they have a few thousands years of experiece of living with the desert and how to handle with water. I wish them great success with their program of regreening the desert. Climate and growing of deserts is not a national Problem. I wish my country would stop the sanctions against this great country and support them more to solve this problem.

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  20. Kevin Ford said:

    Keep up the good work . The whole world needs todo this . Including America.

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  21. Soleil DeParis said:

    Persians were the first advanced civilization and will be the last to stand tall. Humanity and modern lifestyle has everything thanks to Persians, from music, art, mathematics, physics, chemistry, astronomy, food, medicine and more. First human rights was written by a Persian king more than 2500 years ago, first monetary system, postal system, agriculture, architecture and everything else you use and see around you. God bless Persia and Persians. They are here to stay and kick some dumbasses. #BDS #VivaIran #FreePalestine #FreeAssange #ZioNaziThugs #WhoresInDC

    June 28, 2019
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