How To Go Super Saiyan with Science! (Because Science w/ Kyle Hill)


– The foundational manga
and anime Dragon Ball Z has made a huge mark on
popular culture and on me. Cell saga is the best saga. Its influence is everywhere,
going Super Saiyan as a meme has even made it into sports culture. But is there a way to explain
this iconic transformation without mystical talking dragons and hyperbolic time chambers? Oh wait, let’s start
the episode correctly. (off-key singing) In Dragon Ball Z, going Super
Saiyan is a way for a fighter to unlock potential and radically increase their power level. But tapping into this reservoir of energy is explicitly about life
forces and ki and the afterlife in the show and the manga,
but I think that science can make sense of the transformation too. Let’s be scientific about this. When someone goes Super
Saiyan, what do we observe? Well, when Goku makes the transformation, his hair stands up and changes color, and then an aura of energy
stuff forms around him, and electricity crackles
randomly throughout the air. Also when he’s in this state, he can fly and fling energy orbs around. Is there some theory
that we can come up with that explains all this data? I think so, and we can start with what starts in the clouds: lightning. Now, we don’t know how lightning starts, it could be random cosmic rays, but we know how lightning gets going. During a thunderstorm, air in a cloud is moving around enough that the particles inside of that cloud are gaining
charge and then separating. They are moving negative charges
to the bottom of the cloud, which is inducing a large
positive charge on the surface of the earth. Now when this imbalance of
charge gets large enough between these two systems,
it is suddenly balanced by a massive surge of
electricity that thunders to the ground at up to
50% the speed of light, almost instantaneous. Oops too far, too far! So if Saiyans could build up
massive electric potential on the outside of their
bodies, like storm clouds do, then it might explain the random
electrical arcs and sparks that form when they transform. It’s like tiny lightning. But this could also explain why
their hair stands up on end. Now you probably have heard
of static electricity, but do you know why it’s
called that and why it makes you hair go all funny? I didn’t. If I rub a balloon on
the surface of my head, some of my head’s electrons, which are negatively
charged, are gonna wanna jump onto the balloon, which leaves
behind a relatively positive charge on the surface of my head just sitting there,
statically, static electricity. My hair is now attracted to
the balloon because the charges are dissimilar but because my hair has a relatively positive charge, which is all similar, they
want to repel each other, and the only way to get
as far apart as possible from each other, geometrically
speaking, is to separate, like this. Kind of Super Saiyan-y. I mean, it’s not quite Goku,
but he probably uses product. Giant electric potentials do
a decent job of explaining electric arcs and spiky hair, but what about the flashier stuff? If we think– – [Narrator] Will Kyle
ever finish his episode? – What? – [Narrator] Find out next
time on BecauseScience! – I guess we can’t do the– – [Narrator] Last time on BecauseScience, Kyle started his explanation
but will he ever finish? – Okay, like I was saying, if we think about going Super Saiyan like manipulating large electric
potentials around the body, can this explain the auras that we observe around these characters
when they transform? Now imagine that this
Dragon Ball here is covered in a large amount of
charge, say negative charge like the bottom of a storm cloud. This creates an electric field around it. Now, any atoms around the
air that have a charge that come near this electric field are going to be accelerated by it. Now if just one of those
accelerated particles has enough energy to hit a neutral atom, and rip its electrons off to ionize it, then it will start a chain reaction, where all the nearby atoms are ionized going forward. What’s called an electron avalanche, and it turns air instantaneously
from an insulator to a conductor, allowing current to flow. This is how lightning propagates
and this is what we see because as these ions
recombine with their electrons, they release energy in the
form of photons of light. But, at smaller scales, before
arcs, before sparks form, these kinds of avalanches can
look more like glowing auras. This glow is called a corona
discharge, casual Kamehameha, and these discharges look
pretty close to the auras that we want. And they form even better
on edges and spikes because charge tends to gather there, which Goku and his hair have a lot… Have a lot of. And speaking of his hair,
coronas can also change color. Because corona discharges break
down air like neon signs do, if the gases change,
then the colors change. So for example, if Goku with
all of his electric potential, was on a planet with a
sodium vapor-rich atmosphere, his aura through corona
discharge would look yellowish. If it was a mercury vapor-rich atmosphere, it would look blueish, and if the atmosphere
was full of neon gas, then it would appear red. So different atmospheric conditions combined with the corona discharge could change the color
of Super Saiyan auras, and by extension their hair as you looked through those auras. I know that the auras are
more linked to power level and has nothing to do with
the gases that they’re in, but come on, I’m trying my best here. It’s very uncomfortable
in weighted clothes. They are heavy as… All that’s left to explain
is Super Saiyan flight and energy orbs, which is the next topic that I am going to explain, right now, if I am not interrupted. Alright we’re good– – [Narrator] How will
Kyle’s explanation end? – Dang it!
– Find out next time! – Why can’t it just be one– – [Narrator] Last time on BecauseScience. Kyle continued his
explanation, but can he science the last aspects of going Super Saiyan? (groans) – I think electrically
powered Super Saiyans has worked as a decent theory so far, and it works as a way for them to fly too. If I had a large electric
charge over the surface of my body, it would spread out, but gather at the points and edges, and then it would break down the air along these points and
edges in corona discharges like we talked about. But because that air is
breaking down and ionizing, some of it is going to
have the same charge, meaning that it’s going to
be repelled in this process, which drags surrounding air along with it, creating an ionic wind. Boop, if you perfectly direct ionic wind, you can generate thrust,
and you can spin tiny paper airplanes around. Or life ionocraft. Sure the thrust on
display here is minuscule, but that’s only because we haven’t created powerful batteries that
are very very light. So, if Super Saiyans could
generate millions of volts of electric potential on
the surface of their bodies and perfectly direct the
ionic wind perfectly, then they could in theory fly. And this actually fits with
what we observe in the show. When you go Super Saiyan, you
create a giant blast of wind that can even lift other
characters up off of the ground. (yells) Senzu bean please! Thank you. Ugh what, did a cat with
a walking stick make this that lives in the sky and talks? (groans) Dragon Ball Z is weird. The final part of going Super Saiyan, having access to giant
channels or orbs of energy, might be the easiest to explain. In between large electric potentials, the air breaks down in
an electron avalanche, and when that happens, the air goes from insulator to conductor
and current can flow as long as voltage is being supplied. Like we talked about, this
is how arcs and sparks and corona discharges
form, but what they form when it’s hot and glowy and dangerous is the fourth state of matter: plasma. Basically a superheated
gas with its electrons ripped from the nuclei of its atoms. This could be our blob of energy. It would still have to be
shaped by Super Saiyan powers, magnetic fields question mark? But we could in theory
use this as a source of potentially destructive
thermal and kinetic energy. So, how could you go
Super Saiyan with science? Well what I am proposing is
that mastering life energy or ki is really just
mastering electric potential, being able to muster and martial
oceans of electric charge to generate lift from ionic wind, to create auras and their
color from corona discharges, to get spiky hair and
electrical arcs off your body that make you look all cool
from static electricity, and globs of plasma from
the superheated gases that result from all that other stuff. All you need to do is
throw the switch, because– – [Narrator] Will Kyle
ever finish his episode? – I just did. – [Narrator] Can he
science going Super Saiyan? – I think I did okay. – [Narrator] BecauseScience. – Exactly. (upbeat electrosynth music) Air is a very good insulator,
the figure that you can use is about 10,000 volts to break
down one centimeter of air. So if you’ve ever seen a spark jump a gap, like if you rub your feet and touch a metal object, if it is an inch long,
or 2.54 centimeters, it’s like 30,000 volts that
is jumping from your body into another body. But because the current isn’t that high, you don’t have heart
attack, which is good. Thank you so much for watching Derrick. If you like this video, make
sure to like and subscribe and if you want more from
me, check out MuskWatch on nerdist.com or The Spaace
Program on ProjectAlpha.com where if you sign up right
now, you can get BecauseScience 2 days earlier than everyone else. (upbeat music)

100 Comments

  1. Ji Daniel said:

    This guy clearly does not watch DB

    March 10, 2019
    Reply
  2. Anime4 LaijFuh said:

    been trying since i was 5 and i will become a super saiyan sometime, i will

    March 13, 2019
    Reply
  3. Anime4 LaijFuh said:

    gohan says that he focus nrg to his hands in order to fly

    March 13, 2019
    Reply
  4. dragon_gaming said:

    Hey how many sayins does it take to change a light bulb

    1 but will take 8 episodes

    March 14, 2019
    Reply
  5. sudip giri said:

    Were you high when you made this video?

    March 14, 2019
    Reply
  6. Riley Jones said:

    Good vid still hate you though cough * cell saga sucks* cough

    March 18, 2019
    Reply
  7. Riley Jones said:

    U explain super saiyan y u no tell how to go into it

    March 18, 2019
    Reply
  8. Samuel Foreman said:

    Do not underestimate the power of the (electro-magnetic) force. I think it would be interesting to consider what effects may be possible if the other basic forces were to be expanded beyond the scope of their normal spacial limitations, normally limited to a very small space, except for gravity and EM force.

    March 19, 2019
    Reply
  9. Ultra Instinct Goku said:

    The Cell sega is not the best. The Frezia sega is the best

    March 20, 2019
    Reply
  10. stick animations said:

    Plasma…plasma the energy is plasma

    March 21, 2019
    Reply
  11. MAXIMUM TOXICITY said:

    0:07 true

    March 21, 2019
    Reply
  12. insane potato GAmer said:

    I mean we’re humans so we need to go mystic

    March 22, 2019
    Reply
  13. Takashi_87 said:

    Sooooo… Clickbait?

    March 23, 2019
    Reply
  14. random dude said:

    Will kyle ever learn super saiyan 3….

    Find out next time on shonen jump…
    Dragon ball Z

    March 23, 2019
    Reply
  15. shipwreck88 said:

    1:26 that’s ssj2 only

    March 24, 2019
    Reply
  16. Bigbrisk said:

    Absolute beast he knows cell saga is the best saga

    March 25, 2019
    Reply
  17. NIN GEN said:

    كل زق

    March 27, 2019
    Reply
  18. ultra instinct yamcha said:

    That's impossible I tried I just went ultra instinct

    March 29, 2019
    Reply
  19. Timothy Rodowicz said:

    The electricity is only ss2 and 3… regular super Saiyan doesn't include the electricity around the body…

    March 30, 2019
    Reply
  20. Lactating_Crabz said:

    So "in theory" how could I do this myself?

    April 3, 2019
    Reply
  21. iiFrøstyツ said:

    how does gokus hair kinda stick up even though he doesn’t go super saiyan unless he just gels his hair 24/7

    April 4, 2019
    Reply
  22. Gyro- 000 said:

    I wonder if humans have some sort of hidden power deep within our brains. Maybe, who knows?

    April 5, 2019
    Reply
  23. Aline Bathory said:

    You already are a Super Saiyan, Thor

    April 6, 2019
    Reply
  24. Pat Lamb said:

    Sparks are from super saiyan 2

    April 6, 2019
    Reply
  25. Dankduck said:

    Cell Sega was shit.

    April 7, 2019
    Reply
  26. cool games by ciaran said:

    step 1 be a saiyan
    step 2 have a krilen
    step 3 get freza to kill krilen
    step 4 go super saiyan and almost kill freza

    April 8, 2019
    Reply
  27. KDash Extreme said:

    sin subtitulos en español no entiendo nada 🙁

    April 15, 2019
    Reply
  28. Leafy said:

    Lol, so to go super saiyan… You need to stick a fork in the socket?

    April 20, 2019
    Reply
  29. keiichi maebara said:

    I always thought the reason their hair changes color is because they are glowing gold because of their aura

    April 21, 2019
    Reply
  30. SJW said:

    Dear Sir

    YOU ARE CRAZY

    April 22, 2019
    Reply
  31. Timothy Vera said:

    To turn a person's bio-magnetic field into a coronal arc, the effort would need to disintegrate your own cell structure. Plausible but will weaken your body much faster than everyday existence does

    April 23, 2019
    Reply
  32. Kidcomicz said:

    Buu saga is best

    April 25, 2019
    Reply
  33. Noah Gilbert said:

    I don’t understand half the stuff Kyle explains but I love it😂

    April 26, 2019
    Reply
  34. bird said:

    O hell no

    April 26, 2019
    Reply
  35. kath'z Marcos said:

    Nani

    April 27, 2019
    Reply
  36. Elorm Dzogbetsi said:

    u just gave me hope of turning into super saiyan Blue Next stop mecury

    April 30, 2019
    Reply
  37. A K A 12 said:

    Super saiyan transformations SSJ 2 & SSJ 3 do in fact ionize the surrounding air and create a bio electric field, thus producing sparks. It's actually canon.

    May 4, 2019
    Reply
  38. coattail said:

    Turn on the CC

    May 5, 2019
    Reply
  39. Yeet my child off a bridge said:

    Like this if you’re circumsized

    May 7, 2019
    Reply
  40. immortal angel said:

    "when you watch this after dbs"

    May 8, 2019
    Reply
  41. Nelsonwackyvideos 2 said:

    Push ups,sit ups and plenty of juice

    May 17, 2019
    Reply
  42. EnderFlame 3000 said:

    Super Saiyan Super Saiyan God Super Saiyan Blue

    May 19, 2019
    Reply
  43. Easy In Easy Out said:

    It's calked ki dingus

    May 20, 2019
    Reply
  44. Wyra Melk said:

    Has Anyone Noticed That He Probally Has Not Watched Any Episode Of The DB Series? "Why Would A Cat With A Walking Stick Make This That Lives In The Sky And Talks? dRaGoN bAlL z iTs wEiRd." Couldn't He Just Say "Korin."

    but if you did watch it good job!

    May 22, 2019
    Reply
  45. Jonas said:

    Can I go ultra instinct?

    May 25, 2019
    Reply
  46. mike archer said:

    just my luck- the episode of which we are speaking here, the 1 i have no background [not into to anime, etc.]. okay, i'll turn on the caps to help me follow. But the caps have been completely mis-sequenced. Just gonna pretend this episode , in the immortal words of Tasha to Data, "IT NEVER HAPPENED. Just please do a check before releasing them, please ans thank you.

    May 26, 2019
    Reply
  47. Dat Editz said:

    It’s actually plasma when goku go super sayain he heats ups the gas crating plasma

    May 26, 2019
    Reply
  48. Doom Guy said:

    So how to go Super Saiyan 3?

    June 1, 2019
    Reply
  49. Zoom VLG said:

    I Tried and The Results are….Pooping my pants and to the hospital

    June 3, 2019
    Reply
  50. Zoom VLG said:

    And we dont need ssj we already mastered ultra instinct

    June 3, 2019
    Reply
  51. Dale Feria said:

    6:16

    Sodium = SSJ
    Mercury = SSJ Blue
    Neon = SSJ God

    Ifykyk

    June 4, 2019
    Reply
  52. Kill Feed said:

    But what about ssj3's hair?😭🤣

    June 4, 2019
    Reply
  53. Daron Rice said:

    The people who love b.s. ing…😂

    June 7, 2019
    Reply
  54. Daron Rice said:

    😂

    June 7, 2019
    Reply
  55. HaremQueen said:

    Are you telling me that only by going super Saiyan, can one fly and shoot off energy beams? If you’ve watched any part dragon ball Z, then you’ll know that it is completely untrue.

    June 8, 2019
    Reply
  56. Karen L said:

    Well, even if you did do that, you'd explode every cell in your body… People who store up large amounts of chi actually have shorter life-spans. (Yes, we can do it -just enough to push someone about 1-2 feet away.)

    June 8, 2019
    Reply
  57. Exetior.666 said:

    Bro, Goku can fly and shoot ki blasts without going super sayian😕

    June 8, 2019
    Reply
  58. Patrick Forsyth said:

    Lightning goes from the ground and the earth

    June 10, 2019
    Reply
  59. Beylistic Random said:

    This explains the Super Saiyan God than 5:56

    June 11, 2019
    Reply
  60. Fifty-Two Handles said:

    Tf

    June 16, 2019
    Reply
  61. Cody King said:

    If you're a true dragon Ball fan you'd know that Goku doesn't have to be super Saiyan to shoot ki blasts…

    June 19, 2019
    Reply
  62. parker Azz said:

    Teen gohon!!

    June 22, 2019
    Reply
  63. parker Azz said:

    Never dobut master koren!!

    June 22, 2019
    Reply
  64. Julia Perez said:

    Moms can already turn super sayian 😃😃😃

    June 27, 2019
    Reply
  65. Momba121505 said:

    Goku can always fly and shoot balls

    June 28, 2019
    Reply
  66. Grant Crow said:

    Haircut 💇‍♂️

    June 30, 2019
    Reply
  67. Sophia Arroyo said:

    I never knew YouTube was science videos about teaching kids about shocking themselves and die😅😅

    July 1, 2019
    Reply
  68. Rocky Plays124 said:

    So their a chance

    July 3, 2019
    Reply
  69. Alen Mathew said:

    do a large goosebump …yeah you got yourself a super saiyan.

    July 4, 2019
    Reply
  70. Son Goku said:

    In ready

    July 5, 2019
    Reply
  71. Jay ImHere said:

    I'm new, i like so i'll subscribe now

    July 7, 2019
    Reply
  72. Jay ImHere said:

    The new Thor replacement looks cool.

    July 7, 2019
    Reply
  73. GBblocks179 said:

    Admit it we have all tried firing a kamehameha or tried going super at least 170 times right.

    July 9, 2019
    Reply
  74. DestroyerGuardian#1 said:

    and to one punch things is 100 push ups, sit ups, and 10kilo run

    July 9, 2019
    Reply
  75. Anurag Deshpande said:

    make a video on how to use haki

    July 10, 2019
    Reply
  76. Wondrrboy said:

    Hey Kyle, is Goku like The Flash? He's always hungry. Do Saiyans need huge caloric intake? Whenever he's hungry, after he gorges himself he's stronger like Popeye eating spinach.

    July 12, 2019
    Reply
  77. Instinct 21 said:

    OMG I TURNED SUPER SAYIN

    July 14, 2019
    Reply
  78. Chris Dun said:

    You're gonna love this… I call it Super aneurysm 3. 😉

    July 14, 2019
    Reply
  79. corey harrison said:

    i think the aura is just the manifestation of his Ki, maybe because goku has SO much ki to tap into, its forced out his body..and flying is taking that ki and pushing it beneath you…its very complex how Ki even works..more so with someone like Goku..but that's just my 2 cents

    July 16, 2019
    Reply
  80. Victor Animações said:

    No one uses the fact that is you want to be super saiyan, YOU NEED TO BE A SAIYAN darnit

    July 16, 2019
    Reply
  81. Assassin Dude25 said:

    Bru the frieza saga is better it made ssj and made goku able to be who he is today

    July 19, 2019
    Reply
  82. Leuroy not the Merlin said:

    You forgot the strength increases and the resistance of his body and the super speed and super reflex and they can fly without be in this form.

    July 23, 2019
    Reply
  83. REAPER MAFISENT said:

    How to become a SSJ

    1. Have S Cells

    2. Feel things on your back

    3.scream. Rage rage…..

    4. Become one.

    July 23, 2019
    Reply
  84. Cheyne Root said:

    You totally missed the opportunity to say "like I was Saiyan" at 4:06

    July 28, 2019
    Reply
  85. John Peluso said:

    Because science: dudes chasing magic dragon wish eggs? Proven.

    Magic space wizard sword battles?;!!

    Impossible.

    August 4, 2019
    Reply
  86. bardock sonn said:

    This didn't really work but tell me how to make my electric potential to do stuff

    August 7, 2019
    Reply
  87. Rowan Winn said:

    Well, technically our bodies do run on electricity. The idea's not completely baseless.

    August 7, 2019
    Reply
  88. Aaron-justin Anderson said:

    Step 1: Be called or change your name to Jaylen

    Step 2: Take of your shirt

    Step 3: ARRRGGGHGHGH

    Step4: Be super saiyan

    August 8, 2019
    Reply
  89. Legend Gamer said:

    I didn't understand little bit

    August 10, 2019
    Reply
  90. wafdaw wadawd said:

    So, those warrior are just MASSIVELY CHARGEd

    August 19, 2019
    Reply
  91. Rob 44 said:

    How does this guy not have a science channel show yet

    August 20, 2019
    Reply
  92. Kyana Bonaventure said:

    HAAAAAAAAAA

    August 21, 2019
    Reply
  93. chairmanofrussia said:

    So you’re saying it’s possible?

    August 23, 2019
    Reply
  94. Gareth Hasley said:

    Goku could fly before going super saiyan, even krillen can, and he's human

    August 23, 2019
    Reply
  95. CN TM said:

    except super saiyan with the electricity is a different form itself

    Super Saiyan 1, without electricity.
    Super Saiyan 2, with electricity.

    September 1, 2019
    Reply
  96. Gutta Taraka Ramaneesh said:

    Blasphemy!!!
    Frieza saga is the best saga

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  97. Colton Bell said:

    Okay could you do something Based on Element Bending?

    September 5, 2019
    Reply
  98. WhisIsHere said:

    Frieza saga is the best

    September 7, 2019
    Reply
  99. Xander Gerbers said:

    ElectriciKI

    September 12, 2019
    Reply
  100. the8bitninja said:

    Ah, the days when Kyle was pure enough to ride Nimbus

    September 12, 2019
    Reply

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