From Bionics to Predictive A.I. – 5 Insane Technologies!



you were watching ColdFusion TV hi welcome to the first ColdFusion video of 2017 I was originally going to release a video on Sony but it's taking longer than expected so in the meantime we're going to start with something a little bit fun here today let's look at slides innovative technologies from recent months I think some of these will really surprise you let's get into it let's start off small very small number 5 the $1 paper microscope education and developing nations is a rising phenomena but it's about to get a lot cheaper for some keen young scientists with a little invention called the fold scope it's an optical microscope developed by menu Prakash a biophysicist at Stanford University it costs about one dollar to produce the fold scopes aim is to provide cheap and easy to use scientific tools for the developing world and yes what you're looking at are some actual images from the $1 device the students can view the images lies but if they want to take a photo of their discovery there's an attachment that allows for frames to be used as a camera or a display device the full scope is mainly made out of paper but includes small spherical lenses an LED light and some prisms to provide magnifications from 140 x 2 mm x with student microscopes ranging anywhere from 100 to 1000 US dollars a $1.00 option isn't the worst thing in the world number 4 giving devices a sense of touch now this one is a strange one when I first saw this I thought it was fake so I had to do a bit of further research to verify it and it really does seem to be real so here's the deal back in 2015 due to release the radar chip called Foley its purpose was to allow for easy detection of touchless gestures researchers at the University of st. Andrews has successfully used this chip along with their in-house recognition software to actually classify and detect objects and materials in other words the system knows exactly what objects has been placed on a surface the project is called radar cap this stands for radar categorization for input and interaction the software mainly uses machine learning to understand and get better trained at recognizing objects although it's in its early stages there is already some talk of some possibilities for example robots that often come into contact with humans could use this system to understand of the touching human skin and that there should be extra gentle at that time my guess is it will take something like a huge database of recognized objects stored up in the cloud to make this anywhere near as good as identifying objects as a human but it's still cool to see number three and AI can determine what's happening in a theme purely by listening researchers at MIT created a neural network and set it 26 terabytes of video data from Flickr the researchers found that the neural network can interpret natural sounds in terms of images and categories for example if it heard a scene of birds tweeting and leave it would know to picture that with forest and nature scenery okay so next we're going to do a little bit of an experiment the following is going to be a bunch of clips with the audio clang but with blurred visuals see if you can guess what's going on in the scene just by the audio let me know in the comment section how many correct guesses you get Oh as it turns out this artificial intelligence called found net interesting name is about on average 93 percent as accurate at guessing as a human so in this case the AI is actually doing a fairly good job when compared to humans some uses suggested by the researchers include a cell phone switching itself to silent automatically when it recognizes that it's in a cinema hall or just generally giving situational awareness to autonomous robots so at this point it might be worth suggesting that if you're confused about AI or just keep thinking of Skynet every time it's mentioned it might be time for you to find out exactly what it is and for that reason I've done a video exactly on this topic that defines what AI is from first principles there'll be a link below from watching that video you'll find out that AI is actually all around us and has been for years in fact if you're not subscribed to this channel and watching this video chances are that YouTube's a I actually got you here alright moving on number two simulating the future of a scene now this one is pretty damn cool and I mean straight out of science fiction imagine giving a still image to an AI a and it gives you back a video projection of what happens next in the scene this is exactly what researchers at MIT have done using deep learning neural networks of course they train the AI on two million unlabeled videos and it can now predict the future motions of theme that's given or even create scenes that are imagined from scratch and I use the term imagine very lightly the way it works is probably actually the coolest bit the deep learning method they use is something called adversarial learning it involves training to competing neural networks one network generates the video and the other decides if that video generated is fake or real sometimes real videos are flipped in with a generative one over time the AI that generates the fake videos learn to fool the other AI into thinking of their real according to the researchers as the video generating AI gets smarter it can create videos that represent scenes from beaches train stations hospitals and golf courses there are some quirks though for some reason the a eye tends to make humans look much larger than real-life and right now the videos only 1.5 seconds long but as the algorithm is improved the researchers hope to make this time longer this invention comes hot off the heels of yet another MIT experiment this one's interesting as well they made an AI a watch TV shows like the office and Desperate Housewives after a while it could determine what actions were humans are most likely to do next in the scene whether it was a handshake a hug or a kiss and it got very accurate at doing it but an AI predicting human behavior this what I'm a little less keen on all right to number one a huge leap forward in Bionic legs this invention is number one not just because it was a great advancement in the field of bionics but also the story behind it it's pretty amazing this is Hugh her a champion mountain climber and a figure well known in the sport in 1982 at age 17 he lost both of his legs while climbing G to frostbite but instead of giving up he went ahead and built his own legs and began climbing again he had reached his old climbing ability within a year and with determination he even surpassed it he was so good that he became a threat to other climbers and they said that he had an unfair advantage this made him see that technology could really improve and regain quality of life as he kept working and tweaking the technology himself he became inspired by this experience and took his studies seriously pushed by the thought of what he could create with a higher education eventually he would become a pioneer in the field of bindings at MIT even to this day most bionic limbs are passive becoming more of a hindrance for crying up to 20 percent more energy to use Jizo would change this in 2016 when you receive the princess of Asturias Award for technical and scientific research for his latest pair of limbs instead of weighing down a person these limbs actively inject energy back into the movements of that person as a mechanical engineering graduate myself I find the work by Hugh and his team absolutely incredible here is some highlights of our Keith strategy and the design of Bionic appendages is to look into nature so we studied how the catholic will work for example how the catholic is controlled by the spinal for birth using neural resources we programmed that capability on the mall computers that are underneath the shell in the Bionic limb each Bionic one has three computers the brains of the system various sensors sense its environment and a muscle tendon like actuator a motor system and when I walk it adapts automatically variations in speed and terrain in a way that's completely natural we actually embedded on chip the fundamentals of how muscles are control would span the ankle turn the main breakthrough here is that most the processing on the legs are done instantly meaning that there's no delay in reaction time to fast changes made by the person wearing them it works so well that there's almost no training curd required it feels natural who knows what the well grounds are well right up oh my pushing you up yeah I'm not even I can describe it up pushing you right up you guys don't know what it's like not have that yeah in order to do this Hugh and his team had to study the intricacies of walking in detail for example how does the foot and ankle subtly roll with each step how the tendons working at each point of each stride he and his team also modelled the stiffness properties of muscles bone and skin using a method called finite element analysis as a side point coincidentally this is exactly what I did for my third-year project at university but it was with the movement of human brain tissue during trauma my experience gives me further insight into what these guys are doing and I know for a fact that this is no easy Pyatt this modelling is done for each limb has a perfect 3d printed fit custom-made for each individual so I just love entertaining bionics I love every few months upgrading my own legs so I have better balance I can move faster you know it's interesting because my biological body as I age gets worse and worse due to age-related generation but the artificial part of my body gets better in time so I predict when I'm 80 years old my balance will be better than an 18 year old that's a lot of fun each year there are three to four million debilitated amputees across the world after this point there are no real prosthesis made by actual amputee when you think about it you better to understand the physical and engineering challenges than an amputee biologist mechanical engineer it's a very rare find where was just what the industry needed his team is already pushing forward looking at prosthetics attached straight to the bone and limbs controlled directly with brain impulses overall this is great progress and whittlin scaling and production and adequate funding this could restore the quality of life to millions of people around the globe wishing he and his team all the best [Applause] and with that that wraps up five interesting breakthrough technologies in recent months if you liked what you saw give this video a thumbs up and feel free to share with someone who would be interested sharing is caring and don't forget to subscribe if you new to this channel so thanks for watching guys this bendigo go you've been watching cold fusion and until next time I'll see you again soon for the next video Cheers have a good one cold fusion it's me thinking you

33 Comments

  1. Evan Silversun said:

    Fantastic video! This is the future of learning! Thank you!

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  2. sen said:

    what's up with your fake accent??

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  3. Jorge De Brito said:

    I got three right

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  4. Mikaella Rollie said:

    1 2 3 4 correct

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  5. K otgc said:

    Wow, the last one makes me want to cry with happiness.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  6. NθH1 said:

    I said traffic , baby, amusement, outdoor wind –

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  7. Atbi Aol said:

    Excellent video. Hugh Herr.. hats off!

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  8. Fran vincent said:

    that is how A I is spying on us on our phones they listen to what we are doing

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  9. Barrie Wright said:

    i got four out of five the rive got me , sounded like some one was watering there garden ! . 🙂

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  10. mcritchie said:

    Video is actually well documented even though little is showing below video use the [Show More] to see lots of additional information.

    Thought the [Show More] should have the five topics listed and where they start.
    /5/ 00:32 The $1 paper microscope, The Foldscope [foldscope.com], Manu Prakash at Stanford University

    Models ranging from 140X to 2000X 2 micron resolution, some have builtin stain filters

    Manu Prakash: A 50-cent microscope that folds like origami – YouTube [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h8cF5QPPmWU] [9:21]

    /4/ 01:37 Giving Devices Synthetic Touch

    /3/ 02:51 Determine what is in a scene categorizing by listening

    /2/ 05:20 Simulating future moments from an image

    /1/ 07:14 Next Generation Bionics

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  11. Andriy Kitsenko said:

    so super cool, thank you

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  12. Huy Nguyễn said:

    I guest when I am 60 years old. I will cut my own legs and replace with artificial leg to gain more balance :)) . Btw, the artificial legs are imagine.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  13. selvakumar s said:

    manu prakash….. omg indians are really genius

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  14. todd Ramsey said:

    thanks for saying nothing at all but now how am i supposed to do anything with nothing that yall keep stealing from me

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  15. Daniel Chesterman said:

    Uncle Sam needs to supply these to Veteran Amputees

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  16. Benjamin Jordan said:

    That ai rekt me at those sound tests

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  17. jham khalifa said:

    sounds like skynet

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  18. Balbisiana A said:

    Number one is truly remarkable .

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  19. Rome Russell said:

    soundnet…. more like skynet

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  20. Clay Wilson said:

    I'm so impressed !! There are some brilliant minds in this world . ..making it a better place . Thanks for this video mate!!!

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  21. emerybryant said:

    i got 3 out of 4 fairly close lol the last one i had no idea at all O.o guess i aint been on many boats like that.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  22. Deepak Kumar said:

    Scene 3 4 was semi accurate

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  23. Froggy Noddy said:

    there will a be a generation in the future that, instead of dying, will just become machines. that will be the end of humanity as we know it.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  24. Shinzanagi said:

    I'm not crying you are T.T

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  25. Dennis Alfred said:

    The last one left me speechless. Life starts here. I'm going to be a Prosthetists. This video just made me a subscriber.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  26. GoXR3Plus Studio said:

    Last scene with blonde woman made me cry… such amazing things

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  27. Andrew Hedrick said:

    Yay, we're only a couple years away from the point in time wherein I can start lopping off limbs for upgrades.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  28. HITjuelz said:

    Just Awesome. Thanks for this great Video. Love ur stuff

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  29. Google1 User said:

    This should be affordable to all amputees. All those outer space nerd and geek lunatics, NASA, etc. should be working on helping those needy millions right here on livable planet earth. Ain't no hope for anyone on Mars or the moon.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  30. Vincent Karaboulad said:

    I don’t think I’ve said « Holy shit » that much in a long while.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  31. Dave Not dave said:

    Youtube ai is fucking stupid lol

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  32. WJack97224 said:

    So impressive. So wonderful. So much hope for so many. Thanks for posting. Good on ya mate.

    May 23, 2019
    Reply
  33. Michael Grannis said:

    wow

    May 23, 2019
    Reply

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