E-Learning 3.0

says I'm on air but it says I have two viewers that's not possible let's just do a quick test so hello everyone welcome to elearning 3.0 the talk and also welcome to the official launch of the e-learning 3.0 MOOC what I'm going to be talking about today is covering the overall topics being covered in the MOOC I'm going to be covering all kinds of stuff but we'll be looking at that in a leisurely pace during the MOOC this talk is it's hard to see WWE MCA slash presentation slash 4-9-8 so the slides are up hopefully the video will be available as you leave this room everything has worked perfectly so if you've forgotten everything immediately you can sit down outside and watch it all over again we are broadcasting live hopefully if it hasn't broken yet so remember that anything that you say will be used as evidence against you because it's the Internet so don't say anything you don't your grandmother be there or your granddaughter and depending on how old you are so yeah this is the launch of e-learning 3.0 it's my first MOOC in a couple of years and it introduces a whole bunch of topics but let me give you the quick overview to begin with we began 20 years ago seems like yesterday with web 1 or also elearning 1.0 no problem oh I see it was oh it was on I tested it before I started well I'll let you do your thing so yeah that was the client-server model we had websites we would go to websites that was the era of content management systems and if you're using a learning management system still today that is a legacy from that era the idea where you had a big website a silo and people went to your silo by was the era of portals and place it like yahoo and even places like google back in the day then we had elearning 2.0 you might remember elearning 2.0 came on like gangbusters 2003 2004 that was the platform model and what was really cool about that was that the platforms talked to each other in the background and so we got out of things like social networks and application programming interfaces so that you could work with multiple websites at the same time you could load a photo in Flickr and edit it in picnic it was great but it also produced Facebook and it also produced Twitter and companies that spy on you and spies that spies on the companies that are spying on you in hacking and and of course horrible horrible internet advertising and you know all the best fake news there's no stopping it so I'm here to talk about web 3 and related concept elearning 3.0 and this is a hopelessly over simplified representation of that you notice we've gotten rid of the platforms we've gotten rid of the websites and it's just individuals in a network talking to each other now those individuals aren't just individuals they're working with powerful tools they're working with technologies that exist in the cloud and beyond we've got the Internet of Things they've got artificial intelligence of all of that but mostly is them talking directly to each other wow we're done thank you for coming know that the course and therefore the talk and therefore the topic is structured around this outline which you cannot read in the back data cloud graph community identity resources recognition experience and agency I'm going to go through each of those it's a lot so I'm not going to linger I'd love to linger but I promised them I'd leave room for questions at the end and I'm really going to try but again remember there's a recording of this session you can go back and watch it later you can get the slides you can take the course you don't have to sign up for the course by the way I don't do sign ups for my course because I think they're silly I'm authoritarian all you have to do to take the course is go to the course there is a newsletter if you want the newsletter you have to give me your email address because otherwise I won't know where to send me newsletter but that's all I want I don't want your name I don't want your address your your cat's paw size whatever cuz what would I do with that I'm not a spy this is past the age of spice all right inna this is actually a diagram I created in 2003 but we're finally approaching this kind of concept now we are moving from a world of Internet as documents a world of documentation of documents to a world of data this may already be familiar to you but note that the data is both distributed and dynamic and I example of a person in a book there that's me like 10 years ago you know when you think about where the data about me is located I have my credit card information which is that the credit bureau say laughs my driver's license at the driver's Bureau my passport with the passport girl my non-existent criminal record at the criminal record mural etc right data about me is all over the place same with a book right there's information about the reader of the Amazon listing content ratings etc now the idea here is that the information about me or the information about the book could be information about anything isn't located in one canonical location anymore it's distributed and this data is linked to other elements of data and you get kind of a graph looking thing like that I used to call her my cell column first party second party a third party metadata that's when we all did metadata but main idea here is it's just tributon and it's dynamic it changes all the times my thing records my age and my age is not static sadly with truth so when 3m e-learning 3 is based on the linked open data cloud that's a mouthful people like Tim berners-lee are working on it with a project called solid there's links data protocols as I've got a link there to the wc3 wiki on linked data etc over time and you know this began with the Semantic Web people have been creating different databases and different theaters different about different topics linked to each other and so that's what's being built now behind the scenes there are government projects Canadian government has an open data project you're a puzzle and data projects so this is becoming part of the background environment which we're all working it's not mainstream yet this is all a lot means from yet but it's coming into play it's there it's if you I might exists so right away our approach to learning has to change it has to change because it really stupid to think of learning as remembering when what we're being presented as learning material is data especially data but changes I can't even keep track of the planets let alone countries capitals etc the data changes the key skill if you will that we'll be looking for in the future as far as learning is concerned is getting to grips with the idea of knowledge as pattern recognition a kind of simple thing here it's a Wordle based on the idea of knowledge is pattern recognition I love recursion and the idea here is that you can see the representation of the data you can recognize the patterns there some things stand out you it's supported by tool by software in this case an application called Wordle but the idea here is you go from data to application to recognition to knowledge make sense this simple stroke so far right nothing okay let's party you're also familiar with or you should be if you're not filed this is the era of the cloud it's the beginning of the era of the cloud although it's been going for a while we have Amazon Web Services Microsoft is your IBM I think up blue sphere or something stupid like that I just left it so Google Cloud Alibaba and there are others digitalocean is the one that's the flavor of the day there are always available and they're not just places where you store your data there are places where you store applications and services interact with other applications and services you can go websites or services that are scalable that grow on demand that you can add new services to as the demand exists and most importantly you can afford them I can't afford them and if I can afford them that's paying something right you don't have to be a big company in order to develop and deploy in the cloud anymore and the tools now are available to do that they're maturing I've got dr. running on this computer I can upload a container a self-contained computer operating system database and program if I wanted to do it that way I could upload that with a single command from my computer to the cloud and running and I could do it in about the time it took me to say that I can get predefined docker containers that I download to my computer may be customized as I wish and then upload them I can run the same container on Amazon Web service or digital ocean or whatever so and then there's a whole alphabet soup of programs and platforms that allow you to stage and orchestrate all of these applications I won't go into much a whole separate talk deep deep geek speek but the main point to keep in mind is it's there and it's virtually automatic now the people who are working in your computer services departments they know about this I'm not telling you of this because that's their secret but they know about this they can deploy a functioning website in about 10 minutes with everything well what does that do it one thing it does is it lets us create new kinds of learning resources this is something called Jupiter notebook now I wouldn't just run Jupiter notebook on my computer I could but it's a pain so I put I put a Python server into a doctor box and then I run Jupiter on that and then access that using my browser if I use a browser to access a program that's running on my own computer that's actually the easy way because I don't have to think about it right I just fire yep scarred up the container start up my browser I mean in Jupiter notebook Jupiter notebook meanwhile is a mixture of content and computer code this is an actual Jupiter notebook you'll see some text at the top of a mathematical function area I don't really understand because it's got squiggles in it there's some cute peter code underneath and then some diagrams the diagrams are the visual representation or the visual output of the computer code okay yet what we've also Mac well what the reader can do is edit the programming language live and change the output so what you have is a resource that you can run on your own desktop that is a functioning program that you can rewrite on the fly and see the result that creates a link between the concept the code and the output and it's right there in front of you this is a new kind of learning resource this isn't you know a video or text or even a conference this is an actual life thing that you're working with in real time that you can control jupiter notebooks and things like that are it is part of the future of learning resources become sort of silly too if you cirse teaching anything anything scientific mathematical even artistic you have things like this for music for example where you have the code for your music and it's got a picture as you just press the play button yeah this changes our idea of web resources learning resources entirely what it does is and this is really significant because this hasn't really happened before except the awful work on the job practicing with hammers in your hands it puts creating and learning code and outcome combined in a single environment and that makes things very powerful what was this here this is Bloomberg I'll pull forward what is codes this is Paul Ford explaining what code is with examples of code and yo put of code again same sort of things change the parameters change the output there's a bunch of things like that already coded in and things like that on the internet this is becoming mainstream tax cloud that's two of nine going fast isn't it grass now I've been time of graphs forever so I'll have a lot of people but graphs are coming into their own as if you will the conceptual basis for what's being called web three I didn't make up web three if you look up web three you'll find JavaScript code related to that and that concept being talked about a lot by developers behind the scenes and it's based on the idea of graph you may have heard of the Facebook graph this is the Microsoft graph again it's based on the idea of the weights data but it's also based on the properties of we're going to explore some of those properties in a bit but the idea here is for now finally taking advantage of the properties of graphs in a way that we weren't before so what's changed well the way we used to think of graphs was semantically for example you probably have all heard of the semantic lip and the way that works is you have one thing linked to another thing according to the data in that thing so you'd have a person and the person's address linked to a location and the address of that location right or a person and a company you know so the person is related to the company by the name of the company things like web of trust also built on the same sort of idea we're connecting bits of content together but now what's happening is we're transitioning from and I tried to find a pithy phrase I was getting here so I said from semantics to cryptography might not be the right way to phrase it exactly but it'll do for now and I have an example the example is something called a Merkle tree now again whole presentation but you see these things that are links together right they are linked together by hashes of the content okay kind of a hard concept so let's look at this a little bit more two spikes down I can't tell well I'll leave it there for now so here's a data block if i encode this data block I create what's called a hash and now I connect to this data block up here based on that hash if i encode these two hashes I create a new hash there it is up there so I'm using that Masha's the cryptographic encoding of the data in order to connect the data together that's your one minute explanation of merkel graphs and for those of you who are knowledgeable I'm sorry but that it's close so okay that's the concept and there's another picture of it a bit further down one of the things that Merkel graphs are being used for is something called the directed acyclic graph or dag as a diagonally you try something and if people laughs you keep it in the act and people don't laugh it's gone that was gone I love coming so a directed acyclic graph is exactly as it sounds what do I mean by that what directed means it's arrows and the arrows go in a single direction acyclic means it's not cyclic which means they don't loop back so it's always moving forward you never link or loop back to where you were so you might think how is this useful well this is used to create collections of related data elements or related resources and you might think how is that useful well there's a little state called github github is probably the world's largest storehouse of open source software in the world you might have read recently that Microsoft bought it for what two billion dollars or something like that github is based on a day and in fact based on Merkle trees and all the course all of the source code provisioning versioning staging committing etc is based on that graph methodology Microsoft was buying access to developers although black hole was represented Microsoft is buying access to technology and specifically the world's largest functioning dank smart so smart so thinking about how this might change what we're up if we had access to that I have a couple ideas in some of the sections that follow but this now is going to be the foundation of our new world wide web ok let's change tracks a wee bit and jump to identity because there is no real order right you want this to be a nice linear thing but I can't all of these are interrelated concepts there isn't a nice single neat way of doing it so I'll jump to identity and as you probably read in social networks we were the product right how did that saying go if you're not paying for it you are the product something like that anyhow our identity our buying habits our preferences everything about us is is it still true is the product that Facebook is selling to its advertisers and other marketers same with every other site out there that's free same with newspapers and it's really messed them up same ways that we talk about for our another whole session even learning management systems educational systems student data is the product they may make money by selling software but I'm sure they're far more interested in the student data might turn the units of success it's not like stopping exam cheating such a big market all that data so what's happening our way of representing ourselves online is now due for a big change the good news is it's an ending to passwords everybody yeah even and even better and then into two-factor authentication which is horrible because two-factor authentication is only as secure as the weakest from the two factors anything provided so yeah passwords don't work haven't worked and the worst thing about them is that when you log on to a website then you're giving them information about yourself like your email address and your name etc it's never just the password is it I've never seen just the password on the website so what we're getting instead is asymmetric encryption for two key access so passwords even two-factor authentication is symmetric encryption right you have a coded password a symmetric encryption is you have two keys that work together to create a single identity you have a private key that you keep to yourself and then a public key doesn't matter of people have it in fact you need to share it so Oh missing are the rights lawyers emulator so our access will be maintained can you tell this is new content right because I sometimes forget how it goes so what we will use in order to manage our access is our private key but our private key isn't going to be a main character password it's going to be something like a 128 bit string or 128 byte string that we cannot remember and nobody you would want to remember and so there's a private key will be kept either securely on our own computer and a private key file or even better going to be kept I was gonna bring mine but I forgot it kept on a physical device and so you just plug your physical device into the computer and that's how you all authenticate to get onto websites in the future you might ask Mike's Google is releasing what did they call it unity something like that which is actually two physical devices one would you use to access your computer a second one which you access which you use put it in your desk drawer or forget about it but when you lose the first one this will lose the first one you use the second one creating a new first Club so that's priest so now it's a lot harder for all of these sites to track us and to collect all of our data and so what becomes of our identity if it's not something that's bought and sold well it's the thread the personal personally identifiable thread that runs through an otherwise disconnected set of data all these random facts that are out there in the world an age a driver's license a health record etc my personal identity is the thing that connects them all but I am the one who's in control of my personal identity and therefore access to and me and the capacity to associate all of these discrete bits of data it's a messy concept but in practice it boils down to you identify yourself with your key you put your key into the computer and that keeps your identity more secure not 100% secure of a more secure than the husband in the past practically pragmatically it means that the quantified self is characterized things like learning analytics big data testing and is going to give way to a qualified self and ultimately to connect itself we're not going to be measured by our numbers in the future will be measurably we'll measure ourselves and we'll measure ourselves more by our properties are affinities the things we've done the things that we've created rather than say test grades or distance traveled or whatever kind of a hard concept I just don't have my mind completely wrapped around it but something like that is where it's going resources so the wedding was once open you might not remember that but I do hope there were things like email and website before passwords there was something called Usenet and that's a diagram of it which just was a widely shared and messaging platform that anybody can access till it was bought by gap crisis Tyson basically destroyed today you need to sign your password to get into Facebook LinkedIn is terrible they couldn't go – might you see anything unless you say you can't sign in to see everything it's a closed Club it's not simply a web of platforms it's a web of data with barriers on it and people are beginning to react against this I mean there was the s plan in Britain London Britain in Europe which is not bring – to ensure that all publicly funded research is openly available so cool publishers hate that with pools and other open access initiatives is been a thing is for a while but still you know as a political campaign it can only be as effective as the politics and a lot of people are looking at this and saying you know we can't depend on the politics to keep the web open there lots of counter examples long net neutrality the beat thing for example or copyright if you read Michael Geist and his analysis is a copyright in the son of NAFTA you know you can't have non policy so when free as it's being called not made up by me is a large to a large degree a reaction to this what I have Illustrated here is something called the interplanetary file system I love the name although I know it's a little bit out there and related to that interplanetary linked data come around full circle right if you look really closely it's kind of hard to see but very similar to get help very similar today is very similar to a miracle trees and Merkel graphs what you have here is essentially it's a bit loosely call it this but I will content-addressable network interplanetary file system is very interest take some content warranties take that content and run it through a hashing algorithm a good hashing out there's a bunch of them so pick a good one shot to something although my office good anymore and never mind run it through and you get a fixed length string of basically random characters but they're not random them it's that's called the hash of war and peace one of the advantages about hashes it's a lot shorter than workpiece right the other thing is if you make these springs long enough then it's pretty much normally unique to Warren piece it's point that hash we'll be generated by war and peace and only war in peace and even more significantly if you change one comma in war in peace anywhere in 2034 set it change the hash and and quite dramatically right and you can't determine it you look to hash if you can't tell they're from the same thing so that's what you do the interplanetary file systems you upload some content but by uploading it what you're doing is you make a hash of it and then you give that content to every other node or you make it available to every other node in the file system the interplanetary file system is made up of individual nodes spread out around the world I don't know how many there are but there's lots and they might not get all of war in peace because that's a lot so you know once I might not chapter one another segment I have Chapter two another site money I have Chapter three so you'll build up war and peace through a miracle tree that's fine but the main thing here is to simplify it is you have this hash that you can use now as we address a war in peace you don't care where it's scored in fact is stored in pieces all over the place all you're doing is you're looking for this hash you put in a request for the file system for this hash the file system looks to find the closest place where war and peace is actually located who delivers it to you that's pretty cool doesn't matter where it was but what if somebody puts a virus in it but they can't because you used the hash which is a miracle tree so it's hashes all the way down so that if they change one comma it won't match the address anymore so when you receive the content from the file system you run the call through the same encryption algorithm and those outputs must match if they don't match you discard it somebody's messed with it so you have content security that's how it works now a little lot of you know squiggles underneath that to make it work but it's a new way of distributing and accessing data and it's not even Bitcoin so here's the slide about content-addressable networking that I should have put earlier so here's the data here's the hash function this is the the hash they're calling it here that was produced and it's different this box the Fox runs across the ice box blocks across the different free version of the content when you throw it into this distributed network if you want this sentence ask for this you want this sentence ask for this so that's all it is bubbles the actual crude encryption function is I saw the video is like the encryption functions explained to five levels of difficulty where they go from oh yeah I know you just move the words around – no no you use this kind of modulus mathematics so I introduce to you for the first time in public you heard it here first because it's never been announced before the content addressable resources for education or care this is the new version of open educational resources who use a system exactly like a CLE like this exactly like ipfs and we set it up so you can see it now right so ipfs the educational ipfs used called care net and collected resources that we might want to say associate together as a course they are called are you ready for it care package so I was intending to actually create the very first care and care package that this talk but I just ran out of time but I will create it during the course in the course and it will all be documented think about it now all the arguments people have been having about open educational resources and license and all of us is gone we don't need any about anymore all we need to create a resource put it in care net its accessible to everybody sustainability what sustainability the sustainability of the network is created by the people using the network each person contributes a small chair care net you've heard it here first recognition so I've been talking about learning you learning elearning 3.0 graphs peers identity all that crap sorry what couches success in you earning was not remembering remember it's recognition so what does that mean competencies is it competencies they're all kinds of work being done in competencies whether you're in traditional university Kate will corporate learning even overwhelmed with competencies I've got lots of issues with competencies but I don't need to go into those issues with competencies because what we replace them is it's easier but yeah keep in mind with a competency yet right it's a detailed description what it takes to accomplish the task or a function or instantiating a skill along with the evidence needed in order to prove and possibly a certificate or badge representing that proof the short version of competencies and the technology that inbuilt up behind that is based on something called the experience API see some knowledge out there you may recognize that I it's a good concept in that if Ganga right so we're using data instead of documents assess somebody's competencies so that's good the you know and we can record activities of any sort you know assessments quizzes whatever did you watch a video did you go to the big ball game whatever and it can be used to measure team performance or whatever and it doesn't matter whether you use a mobile app or your desktop or some part of the internet of things the whole idea is that there's range of things can be collecting data about you and sending it in therein lies the problem it sends it to a single centralized resource called a learning record store and that's the old platform internet again so the X API system is basically tracking a spying system let's find in some environment but as a system that we're planning to deploy society-wide it's probably got its weaknesses it might work in a single corporation but what's the learning starts going outside the corporation now we begin to get into issues of privacy and security and Trust so okay what then well recognition is something that all also can be done by the individual this is something from yet and yet as a learning record store – but what I liked about this is that it takes us back to this idea of data as something that we recognize pattern recognition all about it that now is good about ourselves and we're recognizing our own performance I already used stuff like that I use trauma for example to record my cycling yes I cycle I know it doesn't look like what I do and it's interesting by using Strabo is it's my date my dog psychic to my employer or my health insurance company and I'm not going to because we have public health care I don't have to do that but the thing is now that we're in this whole concept of data gathering data etc we don't need to use proxies like tasks assignments essays quizzes etc anymore in fact why would we because the learning that we're doing whether in corporate learning or university learning isn't intended to be applied inside the learning environments it's intended to be applied outside the learning environment in the workplace say or with your own tools and your own resources for your hobbies or whatever and that's where we will be gathering our intimate you know that if you're in corporate learning you're familiar with the Kirkpatrick levels one two three four and sometimes five depending on who you ask and you can go straight to level four but level floor won't be based on interviews with management or anything like that it goes straight to actual performance data both on the part of the individual and the part of the organization that becomes your form of recognition for the learning that has been done so you don't need to do the test of the person did you learn their stuff you do the task of the action after did you apply this stuff did it work and I know it's a more complex complex system and of course it raises questions of privacy and surveillance than that but that's why it makes so much more sense to use a distributed network rather than a single centralized learning record store that can be bought and commercialized by Facebook community now we're getting into the fun stuff education has always been about community it's always been about so foreigners and all of that community meanwhile in the past has always been about sameness that's the origin of religion everybody believes the same things the origin of nationalism everybody lives in the same place etc community though in our world and especially in diverse societies like Canada is no longer based on saying this is because sameness is being perceived as a weakness rather than a strength so what is community now community now is based on making decisions together or if you will in a word consensus but consensus is what creates community behind a controversial statement again whole presentation on that right but there you go so the big question is how does the community create consensus and that I submit is the issue of the day truth is where you begin with consensus but where you get truth from Simon blackburn says and i agree each person is able to identify their truth for themselves you know at a certain level people are pretty comfortable with knowing whether or not something is true give you an example this is a wake up everyone with me all right mostly I really the way the qualify you today does count as a cop there's not family if you has a lid is it really a glass I'm not a cup and Willie's will leave those arguments for the Philosopher's but and the Philosopher's will have them trust me but or for day-to-day practical purposes we can live without as a cup and we as a group here can agree or or less that is a cup and we've derived consensus and now we are a cup of based communities in the real world it's harder than that there's a thing called the Byzantine generals problem the Byzantine generals problem works like this you have the Byzantine Emperor who has a very large Empire and so we need to have a bunch of generals to maintain order and conquer new lands and defend against you know the infidel or whatever his generals sometimes want to overthrow the Emperor so you have what you call bad actors right so and it has a pretty distributed communication of effort how do you set up consensus in an environment where some of the generals want to take you down that's the Byzantine general problems because you don't know which one is lying to you you don't know which one is going to lead you into a trap and how do you squadron and take you from it's a very messy problem if that is the problem being faced in society today we have what might be called bad actors in our networks Byzantine generals who want to take the system back some of them want to take them over some of them just want to see it burn it doesn't matter so the really neat thing about blockchain and Bitcoin is that if addressed square on the Byzantine generals problem so there are different consensus algorithms that they developed over the course of the last five years or so these are some of them the famous one Bitcoin itself is called proof of work which is a pretty effective mechanism except that it takes the energy production of a medium-sized country in order to make it work it's also really slow so the proof of state that's kind of like your poker game right where you're putting your money and you have a stake in the game proof of importance proof of concept proof of authority which is a system that some of the banks and financial institutions are putting their money on you have only a certain number of people who are allowed to be generals or participants in the consensus but that leads us back into centralism where we want to be centralism this is a work don't yet it's going to be worked out it's going to be work out because there is one solution that we know it does work it's just really inefficient and that's the proof of work and bitcoin is based on it theorems based on it and you can create other solutions that call them second-level solutions based around the proof of work mechanism that kind of work so these mechanisms are really important and being able to access and use these mechanisms are really important so in terms of Education what we need in order to enable ourselves to function in this kind of environment is to be able to be good consensus makers and good decision makers to be able to navigate this web of consensus this is some of my own work here where I identified what I call the critical literacies I won't go into them in detail but there's a link there but basically syntax being able to do pattern recognition semantics being able to assign the meaning importance and value of something context being able to identify something in relation to its environment use use cognition inference like deduction induction inference to the best explanation of the definition and then finally change processes of change regression cyclic change etc those are the basis for being able to function as informed citizens in a consensus based network so capacity in list will replace to a certain degree learning that is based on knowledge acquisition and remembering of content community this is how we begin our sort of experience I said I would begin to bring us together we learn from experience you know that was a light cut because you saw it was a white cup except for those of you in the hall will have to take my word for it we learn from experience we learn from reflecting on experience back to do what we're beginning to do now with these new systems is to combine the experience and the reflection the experience of something and the reflecting on something are both part of the same activity the same environment the same thing let me give you an example I'm a bit surprised by that example for tonight the fortnight the way fortnight works is a hundred players enter one player leaves right it's a battle royale that's one of the models of fortnight but the thing is wait you get killed and for tonight you don't leave the game you get to stay in the game and watch the game so in an instant you're converted from participant to spectator and we're seeing this all over the web and anytime on YouTube it's not just gaining there's a range of things happening out there where people are the same time participation spectator the whole electronic music scene for example is a good example of that a lot of art sites video making hobbyist sites you know a lot of the reality television shows that we see like all forged and fire and that our growth of these YouTube videos where people were doing it for themselves creation is becoming part of the content itself there isn't a distinction to be drawn between learning context are working with content learning content and working with content become one and the same thing in this environment you're creating data while working data with data while learning that data or at least learning how to recognize and work with that data pretty-pretty circular right now but and so this this here for example is a video streaming equipment and so here we have an example of me creating contact by videos training which I'm really hope is still working you know the content is the act of creating the content we are saying we're talking before this session why aren't all of our conference sessions like this why aren't all of our learning experiences like this why on earth would we think of learning is something that's done entirely and only by people in a small room there's a whole world of literature devoted to the concept of working openly and learning openly and in a distributed gaming network that's the model that tends to prevail in the workplaces themselves are beginning to reorganize along those lines they're beginning to reorganize as it says here to create self-organizing consensus-based co-production networks there are some examples steam as an example I can think about off the top of my head this is a reference to an article on ScienceDirect about safety management's a co-manager safety management system in our organization that's how it will work how it does work a lot of organizations opera they don't convert the entire organization of once that would be madness but you convert a central or you convert some systems of the organization one after another and after another gradually you deploy those safety is a natural right everybody has an interest in safety but ultimately everyone will have an interest in profit to finally agency which I realized I defined by accident the relative standing of the individual with respected community institutions and governments an agency changes as technology changes and what that means is all of these changes that are happening to the web to e-learning change our conception of agency in itself from my perspective looking at the web and looking at agency in different societies there's going to be four key elements of this new technological framework security again anythin voiced an opportunity and I expand on that in a paper that I called what peace means to me because peace the Census and society are based on these four elements and so that brings us toward the conclusion of this talk education this new kind of education no matter where it's taking place has to focus on the capacities for agency has to focus on the capacities for security identity voice and opportunity and it's not you know the individual versus the state it's the individual in a society where the society is individuals coming to conclusions making decisions about that Society for themselves and this photograph was taken by menus Lorelei thank you very much technically I've got questions yeah a lot I wrote that I think we attempted to fine it but I look at it and it sounds like a pretty good definition although again the philosophers will complain so it is not a trick which an individual can do at their house or do it in institutions or anywhere I'll go with any where do you mean the course or do you mean just elearning 3.0 in general I'm saying anyone the tools are within your grasp there's a learning curve right but you know you can start just by looking for Jupiter notebooks and playing with them for a while you can play for tonight but more to the point I would say learning the technologies of creating openly learn how to webcast them and do it for example and once you start doing that then the other elements will be get you yeah the question was is all of this to help with our problem of truthiness and my answer to that is truthiness is a consensus problem in a technical sense as well as the philosophical thing the problem isn't that there are people who are bad actors out there I mean as a proud but it's not something we can do anything about right without incredibly repressive genes and even then that probably wouldn't work there's always going to be people who are trying to subvert the system for their own game so the problem is making the system resilient to them and right now the system is not resilient and the evidence for that is how easily they can subvert platform based systems like Facebook and Twitter for their own ends doesn't matter who they are right radical radical right who cares right what they've done is broken our capacity to reach a consensus so what we need is a platform that is well not a platform but a system of decision making which is resistant to that and also will present prevent that but which is resistant to that and the argument that I have and I've had for a long time is that system is going to be decentralized it is going to be decentralized because the way the bad actors take down the system is they take down the center or at the very least they cast doubt about the center the cast doubt about what is the center what is the source of truth who do you trust right in a decentralized system Trust is something that each person manages for themselves and manages for their own set of individuals that they're in connection with using Dunbar's number is a rough estimate of about 150 people once you have that you have a system that you can't subvert simply by seeding an idea crew and influence or and having it spread by robots or whatever you have to go person to person each person applies their cut test to that idea and in that case the ideas that tend to propagate are ideas that tend to be consistent with the individual experience of all of the people that's my answer all right I'm pretty sure it works I'm pretty sure it works because there's mathematics a graph theory behind it I'm pretty theory pretty sure it works because that's the sort of approach that they take to epidemiology for example in trying to make society more resistance to the disease to the spread of a disease they don't go after everybody aim to make goal individually they don't even go after it all severe cases they go after the central nodes the people who are most likely to transmit the typhoid Mary's and so they don't need to eliminate the disease they just need to eliminate the centralized spreading of the disease so that's why I think it'll work will there be other unintended consequences oh yeah we're people but then we knew unintended consequences it will deal with them in the next round of development and I'm getting the time signal from the back so thank you so much you

One Comment

  1. Vahid Masrour said:

    the presentation used in this talk can be found at https://www.slideshare.net/Downes/elearning-30-119907672

    May 23, 2019

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