Biography of Modibo Keita,Origin,Education,Policies,Achievements,Family,Children

Hello, welcome to Biogreat Tv, if you are
new here please subscribe and turn on the notification so you don’t miss our next video. Biography of Modibo Keita Modibo Keïta
who lived between 4th of June 1915 – 16th of May 1977 was the first President of Mali
ruling for 8 years from 1960 to 1968. He was also the Prime Minister of the Mali Federation
and was a strong advocate of African socialism. Keïta was born in Bamako-Coura a neighborhood
of Bamako which was the capital of French Sudan atthe time. His family was Malian Muslims
who claimed to be direct descendants of the founders of the Mali Empire. He schooled in
Bamako and at the école normale William-Ponty in Dakar,where he was top of his class. From
in 1936, he worked asa teacher in Bamako, Sikasso and Tombouctou. Modibo Keïta was
involved in a number of associations. In 1937, he served as coordinator of the art and theater
group. Along with Ouezzin Coulibaly, he helped in the founding of the Union of French West
African Teachers. Keïta also joined the Communist Study Groups (GEC) cell in Bamako. In 1943,
he founded the L’oeil de Kénédougou, a magazine that served to speak against colonial rule.This
earned him three weeks  imprisonment in 1946 at the Prison de la Santé in Paris. In 1945,
Keïta stood as a candidate for the Constituent Assembly of the French Fourth Republic, supported
by GEC and the Sudanese Democratic Party. Later that same year, he and Mamadou Konaté
established the Bloc soudanais, which developed into the Sudanese Union. In October 1946,
the African Democratic Rally (RDA) was established at a conference in Bamako by delegates from
across French Africa. While the coalition was led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Keïta
took up the post of RDA Secretary-General in French Sudan, and head of the Soudanese
affiliate: the Sudanese Union-African Democratic Rally (US-RDA). In 1948, Keita was elected
general councilor of French Sudan. Later in 1956, he was elected mayor of Bamako and
became a member of the French National Assembly. In a 1958 referendum in French West Africa,
Keita campaigned for Sudan to become an autonomous state within the French Community. His campaign
was successful and in November 1958, the state was formed. Though hoping to create a West
African federation of former French territories, Keita finally settled for a Federation made
up of only Senegal and his own Sudan. In January 1959, he became president of this
short-lived Mali federation which collapsed in August 1960 due to disagreements between
the Sudanese and Senegalese. Keita continued as president of the Sudan, which a congress
of the ruling US-RDA proclaimed the independent Republic of Mali in September 1960.When the
federation collapsed, the US-RDA proclaimed the Soudanese Republic’s complete independence
as the Republic of Mali. Keïta became its first president, and the US-RDA was soon declared
the only legal party. In June 1961, Keita paid a state visit to the United Kingdom,
where Queen Elizabeth II made him an honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Michael
and Saint George. Although he was initially viewed with some caution by the United States
because of his socialist views,he made it clear that he wanted good relations with Washington.
In September 1961, he travelled to America and met with President John F. Kennedy and
the two struck up a cordial friendship.On the political level, Modibo Keïta wasted
no time before imprisoning opponents like Fily Dabo Sissoko. The first post-independence
elections in 1964 saw a single list of 80 US-RDA candidates returned to the National
Assembly and Keïta was reelected to another term as president by the legislature. Modibo
Keïta dedicated his entire life to African unity. He first played a major role in the
creation of the Federation of Mali with Léopold Sédar Senghor. After the collapse of this
short-lived federation, he parted with Léopold Sédar Senghor but with Sékou Touré of Guinea,
and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, he established the Union of the States of Western Africa.
In 1963, he also played an important role in drafting the charter of the Organization
of African Unity(OAU). In 1963, he invited the king of Morocco and the president of Algeria
to Bamako, in the hope of ending the Sand War, a conflict between the two nations. Along
with Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, Keïta was able to successfully negotiate the Bamako
Accords, which brought an end to the conflict. As a result, he won the Lenin Peace Prize
for 1963.  From 1967, he began the”revolution active” and suspended the constitution by
creating the National Committee for the Defense of the Revolution (CNDR).The activities of
the”milice populaire” (the US-RDA militia) and the devaluation of the Malian franc in
1967 brought general unrest in the country.On the 19th of November 1968, General Moussa
Traoré overthrew Modibo Keïta in a coup d’état,and had him sent to prison in the
northern Malian town of Kidal. In February 1977, he was transferred back to Bamako in
what was claimed to be a move by the government towards national reconciliation and a build
up to his release. But he died a prisoner on the 16th of May 1977. In 1992, following
the overthrow of Moussa Traoré and the subsequent elections of president Alpha Oumar Konar,
his reputation was rehabilitated. A monument to Modibo Keïta was erected and dedicated
in Bamako on the 6th of June, 1999. What have we missed out of this biography of Modibo?
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