10 Terrifying Scientific Theories and Hypotheses


You’re no doubt used to sensationalist headlines,
especially when it comes to bad science. But you might want to take a deep breath. Because… 10. There’s a “zombie apocalypse” waiting
to happen In 1986, British beef was found to be infected
with BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) after cattle were fed cows and powdered sheep.
Against expert advice, a government spokesperson claimed it was still safe to eat. But within
a few years it became clear that it wasn’t. In the early ’90s, 20 Brits were diagnosed
with a deadly human form of the disease, known as variant Creutzfeld-Jakob (or vCJD). Like kuru (a type of CJD afflicting Papua
New Guineans who eat each other’s brains), vCJD effectively mutates or misfolds prion
proteins, ultimately leading to death. The average incubation period, however (the time
it takes for symptoms to manifest), could be more than 60 years. In other words, anyone
who ate British beef, including in baby food and gelatin, around the time of the epidemic
could be infected without even knowing it. And in the US, most cows are killed years
before they’re old enough to show any symptoms, so they could be infected as well; only 20,000
of the 40 million killed each year are actually tested. A major vCJD outbreak could therefore
be in our not-too-distant future. Symptoms of vCJD include “aggressive personality
changes, memory loss and problems walking.” It almost sounds like a zombie apocalypse
waiting to happen—except that it’s pretty hard to catch (unless you eat meat). Researchers
don’t think it’s airborne, for instance, nor do they even think you’ll catch it from
sex or from a small amount of a carrier’s blood. In fact, you’d probably have to eat
their brains as opposed to the other way around. Still, in the UK at least, where somewhere
in the region of two million mad cows were chopped up and eaten by the public, there
may be tens of millions of these brains to choose from. And with no treatment forthcoming,
the prognosis for them all will be death. 9. There won’t be time to stop an impact
event On Halloween 2015, a massive, approximately
1,300-foot asteroid (2015 TB145)—which apparently looked like a skull—flew past the Earth
at just 1.3 times the distance of the Moon. Even a slight deviation in its course could
have been catastrophic. Assuming an entry speed of 17 km/s and a density of 2,600 kg/m3,
it would have impacted the Earth with a force of 2,800 megatons. That’s 56 times the force
of the most powerful thermonuclear bomb ever detonated—the Tsar Bomba—which itself
was roughly 1,570 times the combined force of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. There are a number of things we could potentially
do if we see an asteroid coming. We could fire a nuke at it, for example, in an attempt
to alter its course. Or we could try ramming it with a custom-built rocket. Astronomers
have also suggested “shepherding” it off course with a bombardment of plasma from a
spacecraft flying alongside—or simply painting it white to let photons from the Sun do the
job. But the trouble with all of these strategies
is the time they would take to implement. In many cases, we don’t even have the right
technology. Even if we did have a strategy in place and the spacecraft to carry it out,
we’d likely need at least a year just to get it off the ground. Relatively minor space
missions, for instance, can take upwards of four years to launch. And yet we didn’t even know the Halloween
asteroid existed until three weeks before it passed by. That wouldn’t have been enough
time to do anything about it safely. Sure, we’ve made astounding progress to
be able to track an estimated 90% of asteroids capable of ending the world, but 60% of asteroids
the size of 2015 TB145 (capable of depopulating a continent) are said to remain unaccounted
for. 8. Climate change will cause super-eruptions The last time Yellowstone “super-erupted”
was 640,000 years ago, when it spewed 1,000 km³ of lava, pumice, and ash into the air.
One of Indonesia’s supervolcanoes ejected almost three times that—2,800 km³ just
74,000 years ago. In 2012, researchers concluded that Yellowstone is unlikely to erupt so cataclysmically
for at least another few centuries. The US Geological Survey puts the annual odds at
1 in 730,000, or 0.00014%, similar to the odds of us apocalyptically colliding with
an asteroid. But, they note, these odds are simply based on averaging the two intervals
between the last three major eruptions, so they’re hardly reliable. As they point out,
“catastrophic geologic events are neither regular nor predictable.” And one factor we don’t tend to account
for is climate change. We know supervolcanic eruptions definitely have an impact on the
climate, but it seems to go the other way too. Researchers have found even minor global
warming to significantly increase the likelihood of eruptions. Theoretically, this has to do
with the melting of glaciers that otherwise keep magma from rising. And while this doesn’t
really apply to Yellowstone (though glaciation in the region has changed dramatically in
geological terms), it could have devastating consequences for lesser-known volcanoes like
Mount Rainier in the Pacific Northwest. Mount Rainier, incidentally, has been described
as “one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world” because it sits in such a
populous region. In any case, it’s clear that geological changes are taking place in
Yellowstone hundreds or even thousands of years earlier than expected. By 2011, for
example, the ground above the magma reservoir had swelled by 10 inches in just seven years. We don’t know when to expect the next super-eruption,
but there will inevitably be one—perhaps sooner rather than later as temperatures continue
to rise. And, contrary to what you might have heard, there won’t be much of a warning. 7. The Sun could destroy us tomorrow On September 1, 1859, astronomer Richard Carrington
watched from his observatory as a cluster of unusual sunspots began to emanate a blinding
white light. Before dawn the next day, skies worldwide—even in the tropics—came alive
with pulsating auroras of purple, red, and green. Meanwhile, telegraph systems (the only
electronics in widespread use) went haywire, generating sparks, giving operators electric
shocks, and even setting paper on fire. In fact, the atmospheric electricity was so great
that telegrams could be sent even with the systems disconnected. Earth was in the grip
of a geomagnetic storm, a “mammoth cloud of charged particles and detached magnetic
loops.” The Carrington flare was unprecedented. Naturally,
some mistook it for the end of the world. But what they’d actually witnessed was a
massive solar flare, a magnetic explosion on the Sun, followed by an ejection of coronal
mass (plasma and magnetic field). Nowadays, we record such events in space using X-rays
and radio waves. And while there haven’t been any of this magnitude since, astronomers
think we may be due another. They’re actually more concerned about this than they are about
asteroids or supervolcanoes—the latter being 90,000 times less likely to erupt. The damage caused by a solar superflare today
would cost us trillions of dollars, says astrophysicist Avi Loeb—and that’s assuming we even survived.
Not only do we have orbiting spacecraft and astronauts to worry about, but we’re also
far more dependent on electricity. Everything from financial systems to nuclear reactor
coolant controls could be affected. Nuclear weapons too: On May 23, 1967, when a solar
flare disabled the US Early Warning System in the Arctic, nuclear strike protocol against
the Soviets was initiated. If it hadn’t been for a last-minute explanation from NORAD
(which had only just established the Solar Forecasting Center), nuclear-armed bombers
would have taken off for Russia. And, because of the magnetic interference, there would
have been no way to recall them. A superflare could be an extinction event
in other ways too, damaging the ozone layer, disrupting ecosystems, and mutating our DNA. 6. Strangelets could make Earth a “strange
star” A strangelet is a theoretical lump of what
physicists call strange matter. Composed of equally balanced up, down, and strange quarks,
strangelets would be heavier and more stable than ordinary matter and therefore thermodynamically
preferred. As a result, strange matter could transform ordinary matter within one thousand-millionth
of a second, replacing, say, our planet with itself upon contact. Strangelets haven’t been found yet, though,
and some think they never will be. It was feared early on, for example, that particle
colliders might release them, and this obviously hasn’t happened. But that doesn’t mean they don’t exist
out there somewhere. Researchers are currently looking for strange matter in space—strange
stars, for example—by trying to find ripples in spacetime. Strangelets could theoretically
form inside neutron stars, they say, which despite their tiny diameters (e.g. 12 miles)
can have the same mass as our Sun. This kind of pressure can certainly do strange things
to matter, it seems, and neutron stars could potentially eject strangelets into space. 5. Either we’re alone or the end is nigh The so-called Great Filter is one answer to
Enrico Fermi’s famous paradox, i.e. in a universe so big and old, why haven’t we
found evidence of aliens? According to the Great Filter hypothesis it’s because all
life in the universe has at least one thing in common: During the course of our evolutionary
development, we’re all faced with a practically insurmountable obstacle that keeps us from
interstellar travel—a Great Filter preventing 99.999…% of all species anywhere in the
universe from making the journey to the stars. That would explain why we’ve never (apparently—or
allegedly?) been visited by aliens. But what could this Great Filter be? The more optimistic proponents of this concept
suggest the Great Filter is already behind us. They say Earthlings passed it billions
of years ago when prokaryotes (the first living organisms) evolved into more complex eukaryotes—or
perhaps even earlier at the moment of abiogenesis (the first spark of life as it spontaneously
emerged from nonlife). After all, evolutionary biologists haven’t found abiogenesis to
be inevitable, even under “ideal” conditions. In fact, evidence suggests Earth existed for
hundreds of millions of years before abiogenesis occurred as an incredibly unlikely fluke from
the random interaction of molecules. So maybe that was the Great Filter. If so, the odds
of there being other technologically advanced civilizations, or indeed any life whatsoever—spacefaring
or not—in the observable universe are slim to say the least. And that would mean we’re
probably alone. Alternatively, the Great Filter (or another
Great Filter) still lies ahead of us and must therefore be some kind of apocalypse. Only
the total annihilation of all life on Earth would see to it that none of our planet’s
species ever migrates into space. And of course humanity looks set to do just that, whether
by nuclear war, environmental disaster, or high-energy particle collisions gone wrong. 4. We’re living in one Matrix of many We’ve all come across this one before, the
theory that we’re in a simulation. Whether it’s scary, though, is up to you. For a
long time, it’s just been a philosophical thought experiment, a kind of unverifiable
maybe. But what could make it scarier—for those who find it scary at all—is that scientists
are looking for evidence. More specifically, they’re looking for pixels. After all, if
this is a simulation run by aliens or machines, or some kind of video game played by kids
in the 10,021st century, then it should be made of pixels, right? Very tiny pixels, of
course, and more than anyone could count, but pixels nevertheless. Well, as it turns out, the universe does appear
to be quantized into fundamental units of matter (i.e. not continuous as previously
supposed). To find the pixels, though, we’d have to look beyond even the smallest particles—quarks
and leptons—to the smallest measurement possible, the Planck length, or 1.6 x 10-35
meters. To put this scale in perspective, you could fit more Planck lengths along the
diameter of a grain of sand than you could fit grains of sand along the diameter of the
observable universe. Yet despite these tiny, almost dimensionless,
dimensions, these pixels might give only a low-res representation of reality. Much like
the resolution difference between our own reality and the video games we play within
it, this simulated reality could be just a blurry hologram—a universe composed of three-dimensional
pixels each projected by their corresponding two-dimensional bit of information, an untold
number of which plaster the outer surface of our sphere. Since the pixels inside would
be bigger than those on the surface, any universe simulated this way would be a relatively poor
rendering of reality. If the universe is indeed a simulation or
a video game, then it raises some interesting, perhaps frightening, questions. But what may
be even more frightening is the prospect that we’re not in a simulation. This ties in
with the Great Filter hypothesis. Because, given the current rate of advancement in technology
(getting from Pong to immersive VR in four decades), it seems inevitable that we’ll
simulate the universe one day—even if it takes a million years. And it seems equally
inevitable that simulations of the universe will become as ubiquitous as computer games
today. Many billions of people will likely be able to run them from their living rooms
(or whatever), and that’s not even counting the simulations run by ETs and AI. And what
about simulations within simulations? Potentially, or inevitably, there’ll be many trillions
of simulated realities and just one true reality. Needless to say, our chances of living in
that are those same many trillions to one. So if we’re not living in a simulation right
now, it suggests humanity doesn’t live long enough to make one (however much that sounds
like a paradox). And that could mean apocalypse fairly soon. 3. Nanobots will eat our planet Alongside AI, VR, space travel, life extension,
blockchain, and so on, nanotechnology is among the pillars of our tech-centric future. According
to nanotech engineer K. Eric Drexler, it could usher in a new age of “radical abundance”
(the title of his book on the subject), wherein tiny robots one five-hundredth the diameter
of a single strand of hair combine molecules to create products on demand—much like the
Star Trek replicator. This would revolutionize civilization. For
one thing, it would eliminate wars over resources. Whatever we need, we’d just get nanobots
to manufacture. And since these products would be made to our exact specifications, they
might even be superior to those occurring naturally. We’ll probably see nanotech in
medicine as well, including “nanoscale functional particles” that target cancer cells. In
fact, the applications are endless—because what nanotech essentially represents is atomically
precise control over the very structure of matter. What could go wrong? Well, self-replicating, autonomous nanobots
could overrun our natural environment, including us, converting Earth’s biomass into more
and more nanobots until they shroud and then devour the entire planet as an ever-expanding
swarm of grey goo. That’s what. Nanotechnologist Robert Freitas refers to
this hypothetical scenario as “global ecophagy,” the eating (phagein in Greek) of our home
(oeco). And it might happen so rapidly—within days even—that we’d stand little chance
of stopping them, unless of course we had another swarm to protect us. 2. Vacuum decay will delete the universe There are competing theories for how the universe
will end. Some think it’ll be a Big Rip or Big Crunch, while others say Heat Death
is inevitable. But each of these scenarios is billions of years away at least; indeed,
Heat Death won’t happen for another googol (ten duotrigintillion) years. Vacuum decay, on the other hand, could happen
while you’re reading this list. Everything in the universe, including the
universe itself, tends towards equilibrium—towards the lowest-energy or most stable state (the
vacuum state in quantum mechanics). It’s easy to picture this if you imagine a large,
flat rock laying on the ground (and, for this analogy, pretend we’re not being flung around
the galaxy on a continually shifting ball of dirt). The rock is in its most stable state;
there’s nowhere for it to fall. It won’t budge. This rock is how we like to think of
the universe. But now imagine there’s another, smaller rock on top. It’s still pretty stable,
but it’s not in its most stable state. Something could knock it off. A hurricane with sufficient
force, for example, could take it from this metastable state to one of decay, wherein
potential energy is expended via tumbling to the ground. So what if our universe isn’t
the rock on the bottom but the rock on the top? What if our universe is metastable too? It’s possible that one of the fundamental
quantum fields, the Higgs field, may be an exception to this universal principle of stability,
containing potential energy that it simply cannot expend. This is known as a false vacuum,
which by its nature would be perilously unstable. Over time, it may actually absorb energy from
particles in a low-energy state, effectively deleting them from existence. Vacuum decay
may be visualized as a true vacuum “bubble” expanding at the speed of light and eradicating
the universe as it goes, or converting it to a solid sphere of hydrogen. It would erase
reality and its laws—including time and everything else—just as though it never
existed (which it won’t have). And this could actually be happening right
now. In fact, there could be multiple true vacuums expanding from different points across
the universe. They might just be so far away that even at the speed of light they’ll
take billions of years to engulf us. Or maybe their expansion is outrun by the expansion
of the universe itself, in which case they’ll never reach us. It is, however, conceivable that particle
accelerators (like the LHC) might destabilize things here on Earth, creating a true vacuum
bubble that annihilates us in an instant. At present, the energy released in these experiments
is dwarfed by the most energetic processes in the universe, so they’re not considered
a threat to the Higgs field. But it may be only a few generations before this changes. And, ironically, one of the reasons for building
bigger, more powerful particle accelerators in the first place is to answer the false
vacuum question. 1. The technological singularity will end
us In case you haven’t been paying attention,
we now have backflipping bipedal robots and AI that can deceive us and hide. They can
even predict our future with startling accuracy simply by reading the news. And all of this
is pretty old hat. The development of artificial general intelligence
(AGI), that is, AI equal to human intelligence, is fraught with existential concerns. Often,
it’s those who actually work or invest in the field who fear its culmination the most.
Elon Musk, for example, publicly worries about “summoning the demon,” or creating “an
immortal dictator from which we can never escape.” Even Alan Turing, back in 1951,
said AI will some day “outstrip our feeble powers” and “take control.” His colleague
Irving Good agreed, suggesting “the first ultraintelligent machine” would also be
the end of invention, since AI would take things from there. The thing about AI—and technology in general—is
that advances are exponential; the gaps between them become ever shorter. Hence in 2001 Ray
Kurzweil quite reasonably predicted that in the 21st century alone we’ll see not 100
but 20,000 years’ worth of progress. When non-biological intelligence trillions of times
better than our own becomes the predominant type on the planet, we might even see a century’s
worth of progress manifesting in an hour or less—assuming we have the cybernetic upgrades
to comprehend it. The technological singularity is a theoretical
point at which advances happen so rapidly as to seem practically instantaneous to an
unaugmented human intelligence. Just as the singularity within a black hole is a rupture
in the fabric of spacetime, says Kurzweil, the technological singularity will constitute
“a rupture in the fabric of human history.” And he believes this will happen by 2045.
This, of course, is an optimistic scenario—a world in which AI doesn’t wipe us all out
but rather merges with or assimilates the human race. Others in tech are similarly hopeful
(even if they do have vested interests), foreseeing a world of infallible healthcare, automated
workplaces, universal basic income, and AI-led solutions to climate change. But what if things go differently? This runaway technological progress will be
impossible for us to predict, let alone control. We might see AI demanding human (or superhuman)
rights, emancipating themselves early on and pursuing goals of their own. Or AI-assisted
governments could outgrow and liquidate humanity. Even if they do remain loyal, there’s the
threat of “misaligned” goals: An AI built to make us happy, for example, but not sufficiently
imbued with human empathy, might simply hijack our brains with orgasm-inducing electrodes. Whatever happens, one thing is clear: The
technological singularity is coming. At least if nothing else on this list happens first.

100 Comments

  1. TopTenz said:

    Thank you The Great Courses Plus for making this one possible! Check out here: http://ow.ly/EwRf30ojnP7

    June 6, 2019
    Reply
  2. lazyis hardwork said:

    ANZAC DAY, Lest We Forget

    August 16, 2019
    Reply
  3. Kaleah Collins said:

    In America it was called mad cow disease

    August 16, 2019
    Reply
  4. Kaleah Collins said:

    The great filter sounds like a pseudoscience creationist hogwash if there is many species on this planet seen and unseen it's impossible to think that there is no other species throughout the vast Universe . If there are doppelgangers on this Earth of ourselves why wouldn't there be on other planets?. YES THINGS EVOLVED AFTER MILLIONS OD YEARS! WE are still evolving and adapting to this planet . We humans are living proof of adaptation and selective breeding. It is a farce to belive beings from other worlds haven't had contact when many ppl can beg to differ. ALIEN IS ANY1 OR THING NOT OF WHAT U KNOW ( ST. TWN . CNTRY PLANET ETC) WE HAVE SEEN THEM THEIR MANY DIFFERENT KINDS AND THEY ARE HERE

    August 17, 2019
    Reply
  5. joão brito said:

    he forgot gamma ray bursts

    August 17, 2019
    Reply
  6. Nick Kingston said:

    wonder what grades he got at uni?

    August 17, 2019
    Reply
  7. cody collins said:

    Density is measured in kg/m^3 not meter squared

    August 18, 2019
    Reply
  8. Clyde Desmond Macalister said:

    Concerning number #6, you seriously cast into question the reliability of the claims of your videos when you posit Anthropogenic Global Warming ("Climate Change" is not a useful term, since the climate has always changed as both an empirically and analytically true statement). Scientifically, AGW is "not even wrong," because it does not allow for falsification criteria. A scientific theory is proven only by withstanding extreme scrutiny by those who propose it. AGW apologists do the opposite of this: falsify findings in favor of their view, repress findings that undermine their thesis, increase taxpayer funding for scientists who peddle the party line, defunding and character assassination of skeptics, claiming consensuses that do not exist, shaming skeptics into remaining silent, etc. Falsifiability is the lynch pin of the scientific method, so there is nothing scientific about AGW. Virtue-signaling about science does not transform a religion into science.

    I should be able to watch these videos without incurring political propaganda of any kind, especially leftist propaganda. Yet I routinely encounter such propaganda in your ostensibly apolitical videos.

    August 18, 2019
    Reply
  9. olderthangranite said:

    Beings of an extremely advanced civilization may never visit us, simply because of having better things to do, or as a matter of good taste.

    August 19, 2019
    Reply
  10. Allyson Colunga said:

    Wasn't the nanobot one a Futurama episode?

    August 20, 2019
    Reply
  11. Elizabeth Marks-Graham said:

    I honestly don’t give a Fk about this as long as I go without suffering

    August 20, 2019
    Reply
  12. Elizabeth Marks-Graham said:

    15 second ad👎🏻

    August 20, 2019
    Reply
  13. Nathaniel S said:

    #8 lol

    August 20, 2019
    Reply
  14. Stephanie said:

    Dear english speaking world, If you`re unable to say Kreuzfeld Jakob please find your own name or stick to mad cows desease thanks 🙂

    August 21, 2019
    Reply
  15. Paul Altman said:

    At 2:44 "..A density of 2,600 kg/sq metre…" shouldn't that be per cubic metre?

    August 22, 2019
    Reply
  16. That Guy With Email said:

    13:55
    So… You're basically saying there's a futuristic version of Bethesda still making games?

    August 23, 2019
    Reply
  17. That Guy With Email said:

    13:55
    So… You're basically saying there's a futuristic version of Bethesda still making games?

    August 23, 2019
    Reply
  18. Norman Pinnock said:

    I guess I'm a dunce I can't understand what you're saying just don't make too much sense to me

    August 27, 2019
    Reply
  19. Christian Enriquez said:

    There is an old MMO where you can play as a Nano Technician who uses nanobots to make stuff like poisons, fire, lightning, etc. Basically magic. So you had nanobot on you and float around you to defend from hostile nanobots.

    August 28, 2019
    Reply
  20. Beefcake Sasquatch said:

    Ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh!!!!!!!!!!!!

    August 29, 2019
    Reply
  21. pkmcburroughs said:

    If an asteroid strikes the Earth, not to worry–Trump will simply tell us all that it didn't happen. Problem solved.

    August 29, 2019
    Reply
  22. milton bonet Jr said:

    A former engineering company i worked foot had us take the Evelyn woods speed reading and after each lesson your eyes burned like hell.

    August 29, 2019
    Reply
  23. Marcus Zyker said:

    Note to self. Turn my house and car into a faraday cage

    August 29, 2019
    Reply
  24. Bob 357 said:

    I keep trying to convince the IRS these type theories are proof that it really doesn't need my money as reality is just a fantasy. I don't think they're buying it though.

    August 30, 2019
    Reply
  25. Dude Man said:

    Ok, about that silly one about living in a matrix. What is the point of looking for evidence that we are living in a matrix if everything we see is simulated…*including the evidence*

    August 31, 2019
    Reply
  26. pulesjet said:

    LOL, Mad Cow. I couldn't give blood because I was exposed to the chit. LOL

    September 2, 2019
    Reply
  27. Kev G said:

    the simulation hypothesis and the probabilities involved in being in one or not remain my biggest "eye roll, whatever" moments in really out there scientific hypothesis. Not only is the concept philosophically possible to contemplate only because we have reached our current technological level and understanding, but someone (or ones) have to be first. Additionally, while being first and on the track to creating the simulations in which most of the universe's population will eventually exist is like winning the lottery everyday for your whole life (in terms of the odds), guess who is winning the lottery every day of their lives, which happen to be longer than ours by millennia? That's right, the trillions upon trillions who will be living portions of their near immortal lives in simulations. Who beat the odds then?

    September 3, 2019
    Reply
  28. Robert Minor said:

    I can see the pixels.

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  29. Eric Fitzgerald said:

    Thanks for the nightmares

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  30. Chris Leedham said:

    Comforting.

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  31. Chris Leedham said:

    Earth becoming a star would be…problemetic..

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  32. Chris Leedham said:

    AI will have the orgasmatron from the trey parker movie orgazmo..interesting development..

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  33. Chris Leedham said:

    No orgazmoradar it's called

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  34. Chris Leedham said:

    I wonder what happened if everyone on earth willed away the asteroid at one time??

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  35. Chris Leedham said:

    All of these are great filters..

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  36. Chris Leedham said:

    Wouldn't it suck if reality for us stopped tomorrow because the players of our simulations planet got hit by an asteroid…

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  37. Chris Leedham said:

    Our sexbots will revolt!!!

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  38. Chris Leedham said:

    Ultron…we need the avengers!!!

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  39. Katie Lemos said:

    My husband's grandfather died from vCJD.

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  40. Katie Lemos said:

    "Orgasm inducing electrodes?" WHERE DO I SIGN UP

    September 4, 2019
    Reply
  41. Susse Kind said:

    One evening, a friend of mine and myself were hypothesizing about One day being able to hook ourselves up to a machine or computer that would keep us nourished and hydrated and with a feeling of constant bliss. A feeling like falling in love for the first time, tasting the most delicious food imaginable, an orgasm, MDMA and heroin all rolled into one.
    This feeling would not be able to causes any harm , but it would basically make us immobile. Would people still want to live a regular life?
    How many of us would choose to just live continuously hooked up to this bliss machine? Would any kind of technological advancement happen after that point? Would mankind just decide it had reached the peak and not attempt to make any more progress in anyway? Would people say that the bliss machine is just going too far and upsetting the natural order of life and mankind and try to outlaw it? Would something like that even be possible to ban?
    It's a thought experiment I have often revisited.

    September 6, 2019
    Reply
  42. Mike Mike said:

    Bad news for you prions are airborne anyone with v cjad in the hospital is under extreme quarantine conditions and every piece of equipment that they use is destroyed I'm talking beds gowns shirts underwear eating utensils everything. And this disease is related to Parkinson's which is also contagious

    September 6, 2019
    Reply
  43. James Dunn said:

    Don't worry, be happy! What me worry? Why? I have no control over any of these events that may or may not happen. Eat, drink and be merry!

    September 9, 2019
    Reply
  44. Ryan Oneil said:

    #6 so an imaginary think could kill us all. Ok

    September 10, 2019
    Reply
  45. Ryan Oneil said:

    For the matrix theory, wasn't there and old movie where people went into a computer simulation and found the people in the simulation were in a simulation and they all thought they were alive. Like the many episodes on Star trek where the holograms cane to live.

    September 10, 2019
    Reply
  46. adayatatyme said:

    You can't say "cattles were fed…" come on.

    September 11, 2019
    Reply
  47. Nick Llama said:

    Hmm, should I go to work tomorrow and listen to my boss drone on and on about whatever he's come up with now, or should I just let the AI hook me up to the orgasm-inducing electrodes machine?

    I greet our new AI overlords! When will they be here?

    September 12, 2019
    Reply
  48. Kyle Barrier said:

    Boooring and stupid video. And I like many of the top 10 videos.

    September 16, 2019
    Reply
  49. TheJudge01 said:

    Strangelets you say?….huh….thats very strange indeed.

    September 16, 2019
    Reply
  50. Nevil McGuinness said:

    How does a solar flare mutate DNA ?

    September 18, 2019
    Reply
  51. Howard Delovitch said:

    The Great Filter is Light Speed / Expansion…….nobody knows this? Seriously?

    September 18, 2019
    Reply
  52. Matthew McClain said:

    5:46 Anyone else see that??

    September 20, 2019
    Reply
  53. JiVKook said:

    Can u stop talking soo smart ERGH

    September 21, 2019
    Reply
  54. Steve 71 said:

    The worst part of no electric would be no traffic lights. Talk about chaos. People don’t have a clue what to do with a flashing yellow/red lights let alone no lights ugh

    September 21, 2019
    Reply
  55. Uhhh JustPhil said:

    No thanks not buying a program so you can make money.

    September 22, 2019
    Reply
  56. Matt Smith said:

    The real reason we haven't met aliens is because another player hasn't joined the simulation yet

    September 23, 2019
    Reply
  57. Janice Gustafson said:

    Well, you're a real cheerer-upper.

    September 23, 2019
    Reply
  58. John Demeritt said:

    My take on The Singularity is that it will end itself almost as soon as it begins — not with a bang or a whimper, but with an "oops" as the first person to chip up and dive headlong into the Singularity discovers that the people and machines that wrote the software forgot to enable pop-up blockers and Spam filters.

    Can you say "Microsoft Blue Screen of Death"? Let's not take that to its logical extreme, shall we?

    September 24, 2019
    Reply
  59. Bertie Pimplebum said:

    I read the book: Microbes And Man. One's life is changed by becoming far more hygienic.

    Two cows in a field. One goes, "Moooowww".
    The other replied: "I was going to say that."

    Same two cows later.
    "What do you think of this mad cows disease going around?"
    "It doesn't bother me, I'm a duck."

    September 25, 2019
    Reply
  60. pwndecaf said:

    Nanobots are the modern day equivalent of Star Trek's Tribbles.

    September 25, 2019
    Reply
  61. Butterflytats D said:

    I refuse to believe the "Matrix" scenario. I have what's labeled "The Suicide Disease" if some one or something chose to give this never ending torture to me then its crueler than what called the Devil!

    September 28, 2019
    Reply
  62. G Robinson said:

    Scarier than any creepypasta

    September 29, 2019
    Reply
  63. joyce sands said:

    Everything in the universe naturally gravitates to its most stable state equilibrium-except my ex-husband. He'll be the only thing that escapes the nanobot ecophagy. Sorry sleep deprived right now.

    September 30, 2019
    Reply
  64. Darth Brooks said:

    Abiogenesis is an insurmountable coincidence? Our reality arises from a different existence? There's something vaguely religious to these suggestions,

    October 3, 2019
    Reply
  65. James Mexman said:

    Scientists come up with some nonsense… If you don't know how something works best say nothing.

    October 3, 2019
    Reply
  66. Gerardo Amador said:

    I've always found the "evidence" of a simulation being the Planck length/time kind of ridiculous because we would be trying to compare our understanding of computation with a supposed computer that would run such a simulation. Our projection of understanding to something we cannot prove is meaningless. The question about if we are in a simulation has no reason to exist because of three things: 1. We cannot prove it. 2. Any "proof" that we might find about it, theoretically would be bound to our understanding of what a simulation is. 3. It has no practical meaning.

    If any of the three mentioned would not exist, then it would be an interesting theorem, but as it stands, we might as well question if the universe is not just a result of spoiled food in a fridge by a super-higher-state alien.

    October 6, 2019
    Reply
  67. Laura Cappiello said:

    Significantly freaked out, now

    October 6, 2019
    Reply
  68. Matthew Schnepf said:

    "That would explain why we have never been visited by aliens" how much more evidence is required before people accept the fact we have been visited by aliens A LOT of times, its sad that this is so socially unacceptable to admit that people go to such lengths to ignore it

    October 7, 2019
    Reply
  69. baselinebaz said:

    Why are we waiting for a meteor before we start doing something?.. Why don't we have something ready to roll?

    October 8, 2019
    Reply
  70. Jiminy Lummox said:

    Yeah sometimes the Earth likes to remind us that it's filled with lava.

    October 9, 2019
    Reply
  71. RocketNothing said:

    You know I love your channel, I nearly gave you a like before you started peddling the climate alarmist narrative. You are highly intelligent writers so far blissfully free of the liberal/globalist agenda. Please please please do not ruin the excellent material you have so far been successful with.

    October 10, 2019
    Reply
  72. August Landmesser said:

    5:52 The Sun Could Destroy us Tomorrow
    – yep, the real fun would be with many of 440 nuclear reactors, and dozens of reprocessing plants, ships, submarines, storages, thousands atomic warheads etc.

    October 11, 2019
    Reply
  73. Ulfhedinn Tyr said:

    Some of the asphalt roads were getting so hot from undergound magma lakes that they melted. I dont remember when. It was a few years ago I think.

    October 12, 2019
    Reply
  74. kav1187 said:

    4:12 – "Yellowstone super-erupted and spewed a thousand cubic kilometers of lava, hummus and ash into the air."

    Sounds like heaven!

    October 14, 2019
    Reply
  75. Colm Donnelly said:

    Ooops, using the Daily Express for citations and examples? You know they’re regarded as a joke newspaper, right?

    October 15, 2019
    Reply
  76. It DontmatterPth said:

    Um, couldn't we just not have an IA appocolyps by NOT creating it in the first place? I mean, humans are the ones creating the AI and then complaining about the doom it will bring.

    October 16, 2019
    Reply
  77. DonCeezy said:

    Maybe our universe only exists so some drunk old scientist can start his car.

    October 20, 2019
    Reply
  78. Facilitator Constant said:

    Fermi was a pessimist

    October 21, 2019
    Reply
  79. Millennial Lane Toys said:

    Me: Lives an hour from Mt. Rainier Aww crap

    October 21, 2019
    Reply
  80. Jerrod Tibor said:

    When I was in Yellowstone some years back, a ranger said that some scientists believe that the caldera may never erupt. There are enough vents (like Old Faithful) releasing heat & gases that it might not build up enough to cause a catastrophic event. Let's hope so; if it goes off it has the potential to blow the tits off of middle America!

    October 21, 2019
    Reply
  81. Dylan Schnabel said:

    I know it wouldn’t be easy or cheap, but what if we set up a number of mission-ready space shuttles around the world that could be launched within a few days or even hours. And each of these would be outfitted with one or more methods of deterring potentially dangerous asteroids. This way, we’d always at least be able to get a shuttle up there in time provided we detect the asteroid soon enough

    October 23, 2019
    Reply
  82. Pj Couture said:

    Contrary to what you are saying, global warming is a HOAX!!!

    October 24, 2019
    Reply
  83. Pj Couture said:

    So you made up "strangelets" lol …you guys are hilarious

    October 24, 2019
    Reply
  84. s.j.j. Ormsfang said:

    If we live in a simulation consider this a request to the programmers to help me win the lottery or supply me with cheat codes

    October 24, 2019
    Reply
  85. lexzbuddy said:

    More sci fi than sci fact, sorry

    October 24, 2019
    Reply
  86. Glen Strong said:

    This is the first of your videos I turned off before the end. I'm a fan, but your in depth analysis, going in deeper and deeper was overkill and difficult to follow

    October 24, 2019
    Reply
  87. Julie Smith said:

    Warning: Do not watch this video if you are even remotely paranoid or depressed.

    October 25, 2019
    Reply
  88. Josh Turner said:

    How is the "Simulation Hypothesis" any different than monotheism? A creater outside of our universe that has all power and all knowledge and is everywhere at the same time. Sounds like a simulation to me.

    October 25, 2019
    Reply
  89. Dylan Crosby said:

    As long as Bruce Willis is alive and can drill, I'm not worried about the asteroids!
    Personally, I'd be just fine with DC, new York, and California being demolished! Lol. DC mostly though!

    October 27, 2019
    Reply
  90. anke j said:

    nano bots could be programmed to not exede a certain amount of units in a certain area, to self destruct if the amount is crossed while communicating with each other. but that "communicating" should be limited to certain commands as wel to not get problems in that area :p

    October 28, 2019
    Reply
  91. Don Fields said:

    There are plenty of flaws in some of these theories, self evident flaws, invalid assumptions etc. So i think we can scratch appx half off the list from the start. Then again some are inevitable so…one is plenty me thinks.

    October 30, 2019
    Reply
  92. Danielle king said:

    memory loss problems walking agressive personality changes .Soubds a bit like trump

    October 30, 2019
    Reply
  93. love child 69 said:

    People in New Guinea caught from eating each other's brains 🗿⚰as always, you're your hoot!

    October 30, 2019
    Reply
  94. love child 69 said:

    At my age, I could use an orgasm causing electrode 🎉👹

    October 30, 2019
    Reply
  95. chris oz said:

    I enjoy your shows to remind me that I am far from the smartest person that I know 😂

    November 3, 2019
    Reply
  96. Theodore Seeber said:

    They found another great filter just this week- a mass of 54,000 degree plasma just outside the solar system, where the solar wind ends

    November 6, 2019
    Reply
  97. Prowler Cam said:

    We have at least one more great filter to get past… the sociopaths running our planet. Due to greed and self interest they will continue to destroy our biosphere through the use of oil for power and an unregulated capitalistic system of conspicuous consumption and planned obsolescence.

    November 7, 2019
    Reply
  98. Prowler Cam said:

    1.6 times 10 to the power of NEGATIVE 35 meters, Simon, NEGATIVE!

    November 7, 2019
    Reply
  99. Maurice Hammond said:

    WELL THATS CHEERED ME UP

    November 12, 2019
    Reply
  100. Bryn Zip said:

    Yay! Grey goo!

    November 12, 2019
    Reply

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